Henry VIII

questions about this monarch, his wives and descendants where he is mentioned in the question. For example, questions about Queen Mary I go in "Monarchy" but questions about her parents go in "Henry VIII" as well.

11,933 Questions
History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

How many wives did King Henry the 8th have?

King Henry VIII was the youngest son of two who succeeded his brother, Prince Arthur, the Prince of Wales, who died at a premature age at fifteen, shortly after his marriage to his wife, Catherine of Aragon, the Princess of Spain. Henry VIII had a great fear of leaving England without an heir so his desperate hunt for a wife who could give him a wife resulted in him having six wives.

His six wives (in order) as are follows:

Catherine of Aragon. Princess Catherine of Aragon was the youngest child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. She had powerful connections to power in Spain, seeing as her nephew was Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor. After twenty-four years of marriage, Henry VIII had their marriage annulled set off a chain of events that led to England's break with the Roman Catholic Church. When Henry was the head of the Church of England, he made his first marriage invalid on the legal ground that a man could not sleep with his brother's widow.

Anne Boleyn. Anne Boleyn was part of one of the most powerful and most influential families at the time - the Boleyns and Howards. Anne was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and Lady Elizabeth Howard. As a child, Anne was sent to the Netherlands and then to France for her education. She returned to England in late 1521. Upon her appearance in court, Henry VIII became enamoured of Anne and began to pursue her - Anned parried his advances and told him that she would not become his mistress, but his wife. And it was because of this that Henry VIII annulled his marriage to Catherine of Aragon in order to marry Anne. When Pope Clement VII did not approve of this annulment, the rift between King Henry VIII and the Roman Catholic Church began. It was along and hard struggle to make Anne queen, but on the first of June in 1533, Anne was crowned the Queen of England. Later that year, she gave birth to a girl that would later become Queen Elizabeth I of England. And like Catherine of Aragon, she failed to produce a living male heir, which proved her downfall - she was beheaded in 1536 on the unconvincing charges of adultery (with the other gentlemen that visited her rooms), incest (with her brother, George Boleyn), and high treason. The men also accused of having sex with the queen, among them her own brother, were also beheaded.

Jane Seymour. Jane Seymour was the third queen and wife of King Henry VIII. He married her shortly after the death of Anne Boleyn. There were no conflicts between the king and his new queen, and Jane Seymour managed to produce a male heir, who would later become King Edward VI, who later died prematurely from tuberculosis, but there were some complications in the birth and she died on childbed due to postnatal complications.

Anne of Cleves. Anne of Cleves was the fourth wife of Henry VIII. She was the second daughter of John III, ruler of the Duchy of Cleves, and his wife, Maria, the Duchess of Julich-Berg. Her father died in 1538 and her brother William became the Duke of Julich-Cleve-Berg. It was an alliance with the King of England, King Henry VIII, and Germany that caused their marriage - it was also urged onto him by King Henry's chancelor, Thomas Cromwell. Anne also had a younger sister, Amelia, whom the king was also considering to be his fourth wife. He hired and sent a painter to the girls' home and instructed the painter to paint the girls as accurate as possible and not to flatter them, becase he wanted to see what they looked like. Anne had almost no education in her childhood, though she was able to write and read, but only in German. This caused some problems because Henry valued educated and sophistication in women. Henry was anxious to meet his wife on the day she arrived and met her on the water's edge when she arrived by boat. But the wedding night was not as planned - Henry came out announcing, "I like her not" because Anne was larger-boned than any of the queens before her that were the wives of Henry VIII. He tried to get Thomas Cromwell to annul the marriage using a legal way, but Cromwell explained that there was no way to do so without offending the Germans. Their marriage ended on the ninth of July, 1540. Henry was nicer to Anne than he had been to any of his other wives - he gave her a small settlement of her own, including many properties that included Hever Castle, the estate that belonged to his former in-laws. Henry and Anne later became great friends and he made her a "Princess of England" and called her "the King's beloved sister". Anne was there when the two daughters of Henry rode side-by-side into London with Mary as Queen and was even at Mary's coronation. She outlived Henry VIII's last wife, Catherine Parr, by nine years. Anne never returned to Germany - instead, she spent the rest of her life in England.

Catherine Howard. She was also called Katherine Howard or Katheryn Howard. She was the fifth wife of Henry VIII, and he often referred to her as "the rose without a thorn". She was the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard, a younger son of the second Duke of Norfolk. Catherine married Henry VIII on the twenty-eight of July, 1540, almost immediately after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves. The way she lived her life and the knowledge about her past were known to be unchaste and shortly afterwards, she was beheaded about two years after her marriage on grounds of treason, meaning adultery committed while married to the king.

Catherine Parr. Catherine Parr, or Katherine or Katharine Parre, was the last of the six wives of Henry VIII. She was the Queen of England in the years 1543-1547, and then was known as the Dowager Queen of England. She was the most married English queen, with four previous husbands. Katherine Parr was the eldest child of Sir Thomas Parr, a descendant of King Edward III, and Maud Green, daughter of Sir Thomas Green of Green's Norton, Northamptonshire. She was in the household of Henry VIII and also of Princess Mary, the daughter of Catherine of Aragon, when she caught the eye of the king. She had a relationship with Thomas Seymour, the brother of the late Queen Jane Seymour, but then the king offered marriage to her and she accepted. She was one of the queens that were said to have "lived" King Henry VIII, the other being Anne of Cleves, who lived nine years after the death of Catherin Parr.

Surprisingly, Henry VIII did not have six wives. He only had two.

Henry's fourth marriage to Anne of Cleves was annulled. The marriage never took place.

Why? There were two reasons; Anne and Henry never consummated the marriage which means to have intercourse. Anne was also already betrothed to Francis, Duke of Lorraine when she married Henry. The formal act of betrothal was illegal at the time.

The Pope declared Henry's second marriage to Anne Boleyn illegal, because the King was still married to his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

When Henry was the head of the Church of England, he made his first marriage invalid on the legal ground that a man could not sleep with his brother's widow.

Henry annulled his marriage to Anne Boleyn just before he had her executed for adultery. Crazy when you think about it.

He did the same to Catherine Howard, his fifth wife. According to evidence, Catherine was unfaithful to him before and during their marriage. Henry passed an act making it treasonable for a queen to commit adultery. So, the marriage was annulled.

Annulments: Four.

Legal marriages: Two.

Total: Six.

Sources:

The Book of General Ignorance - Book - John Lloyd and John Mitchinson - Faber and Faber - 2006.

Henry VIII had 6 wives in his lifetime. It is said one can use a rhyming verse to best remember he had 6 wives. The verse is "King Henry the Eighth, to six wives he was wedded. One died, one survived, two divorced, two beheaded." His wives names were Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr. Technically he was only married to two of the 6 because 4 of his marriages were annulled. He was also distantly related to each one of his wives through a common ancestor whom was King Edward I of England.

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History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

Who were the six wives of Henry VIII?

Answer King Henry VIII of England was born on 28th June 1491. He became King of England when his father died on 21st April 1509, and he reigned until his own death on 28th January 1547. One of the reasons he is famous is that he married six times. His father, King Henry VII had become King of England after defeating King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in the year 1485. This marked the end of a long and bloody Civil War in England over who should succeed to the throne, known as The Wars of the Roses. The last time a female had inherited the English throne was in the year 1141 when the daughter of King Henry I, Matilda became Queen and was deposed by her cousin, Stephen of Blois. This led to a long Civil War known as "The Anarchy." Henry VIII was keen to avoid another, similar Civil War and wanted to have a son who would be an undisputed, male heir to the throne. This was the main reason why he married so many times. His wives were: Catherine of Aragon, born 16th December 1485. Catherine was an Infanta, or princess, of Castile in Spain. Her parents were Ferdinand II of Aragon and his wife, Isabella I of Castile. She had previously been married to Henry VIII's older brother, Arthur in an arranged marriage aimed at strengthening the alliance between Spain and England. Arthur had died, aged 16, on 2nd April 1502. Still wishing to maintain the alliance, Henry and Catherine were married on 11th June 1509. They had required permission from The Pope, known as a Dispensation, allowing Henry to marry his brother's widow, which was given on the grounds that Catherine and Arthur's marriage had not been consummated, meaning that they had never had sex. Henry and Catherine had a stillborn daughter in January 1510 and in January 1511 a son who only survived for fifty-two days. Another stillborn daughter was born in December 1514 and on 18th February 1516 she gave birth to a daughter, Mary, their only child to survive beyond infancy. Mary later became Queen Mary I of England. Catherine finally gave birth to another stillborn daughter in November 1518. After her marriage was annulled (see under Anne Boleyn below) the King would only refer to her as "The Dowager Princess of Wales" in honour of his brother, Catherine's first husband. Catherine died on 7th January 1536, probably from cancer. Anne Boleyn, born around 1501. Anne was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and his wife, Lady Elizabeth. She appeared at King Henry's Court at a Ball in 1522, performing a dance with other ladies of the court and her sister, Mary who was King Henry's mistress. With no sign of Catherine producing a male heir to the throne, King Henry began to pursue Anne, although at first she famously refused to sleep with him before marriage. In order to marry Anne, the King's marriage to Catherine would have to be annulled. This annulment lead to the King's break with Rome, and the establishment Henry as the Head of the Church in England.. The details of this are the answer to a wholly different question! Henry secretly married Anne Boleyn in January 1533 and had Archbishop Cranmer declare his marriage to Catherine unlawful and his new marriage legitimate. Anne was already pregnant when they married and on 17th September 1533 she gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth, who would later become Queen Elizabeth I of England. Anne had one miscarriage of a baby in the summer 1534 and another in January 1536, on the day of Catherine of Aragon's funeral. King Henry declared the opinion that his marriage was cursed by God and he had already met Jane Seymour, who would become his third wife. In May 1536 Anne was arrested and charged with Treason, Witchcraft and Incest (the allegation was that she had sex with her own brother.) She was found guilty and was executed by beheading at the Tower of London on 19th May 1536. Most historians believe she was entirely innocent and that the charges were brought against her by enemies at court and those who wished to gain the favour of King Henry by enabling him to be free to marry again. Jane Seymour born about 1509. Jane Seymour was the daughter of Sir John Seymour, a knight and servant of King Henry and his wife, Margaret Wentworth. She came to the Royal Court in the year 1530, as a Lady In Waiting to Queen Catherine (of Aragon) and continued to serve Queen Anne (Boleyn) after the King's marriage to Catherine was annulled. It is thought that she first came to King Henry's attention when he stayed at her father's house in September 1535. It may be that his attraction for Jane made it easier for him to believe the false accusations made against Anne Boleyn. Henry and Jane were betrothed on 20th May 1536, the day after Anne's execution, and were married on 30th May 1536. Jane gave birth to baby boy, Edward on 12th October 1537. He would later become King Edward VI of England. Jane became seriously ill after the birth, from a form of septicaemia and she died on 24th October 1537. Anne of Cleves born on 22nd September 1515 in Dusseldorf, Germany. Her parents were John, Duke of Cleves and Maria of Julich-Berg. Henry was still eager to ensure the succession to the throne and wanted to marry again in case his son was not able to succeed him. His chief minister, Thomas Cromwell had suggested Anne of Cleves as his next wife and the court painter Hans Holbein was sent to Cleves to make a portrait of her. After seeing the portrait, and hearing favourable descriptions of her, Henry agreed to the marriage. When she arrived in England, Henry found her deeply unattractive, describing her as "The Flanders Mare." They were, however married on 6th January 1540. When Henry wanted to end the marriage, Anne testified that it had never been consummated and the marriage was annulled on 9th July 1540 on the grounds that Anne had been contracted to marry another European Nobleman. She was accorded the title "The King's Sister" and was given Hever Castle, the former home of Anne Boleyn's family. She stayed in England until her death on 16th July 1557 - she outlived Henry and all his other wives. Catherine Howard born between 1520 and 1525. Catherine was the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard and his second wife, Joyce Culpeper. She came to the Royal Court as a Lady In Waiting to Anne of Cleves. King Henry was still eager to have more sons in order to secure the line of succession and he married Catherine Howard on 28th July 1540, a few weeks after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves. He was deeply smitten with his new, young bride and gave her many expensive gifts of jewellery and clothes. Catherine had several love affairs both before and after her marriage to King Henry - with a man who had been her music teacher when she was a young girl and with Francis Dereham, an official at Hampton Court. When this became known, King Henry at first refused to believe it until evidence was produced. Catherine was arrested and tried for Treason in 1541. It was determined that adultery by the Queen was treason. She was found guilty and executed by beheading on 13th February 1542. Catherine Parrborn around 1512. Catherine was the daughter of Sir Thomas Parr, an English nobleman from Kendall in the North West of England, and his wife, Maud Green. In 1529, aged about 15, Catherine had married Edward Borough, Baron of Gainsborough, who died in 1533. They had no children. In 1534 she married John Nevill, Baron Latymer from Yorkshire in England. Baron Latymer was a frequent visitor to Henry's Court and it was probably on one of these visits that she first met the King. Baron Latymer died in March 1543 and again there were no children. After the death of her second husband she began a relationship with Thomas Seymour, the brother of Henry's third wife, Jane Seymour but she felt she could not decline the attentions of the King. She married King Henry on 12th July 1543 at Hampton Court Palace in London. She was a good stepmother to Henry's three children and helped Henry to become reconciled to his oldest daughter, Mary whose mother was Catherine of Aragon. She is thought to have had a strong influence on the future Queen Elizabeth I, Henry's second daughter. Henry died on 28th January 1547, leaving Catherine free to marry her first love, Thomas Seymour who had by now become Baron Seymour of Sudely. They were married later that same year. Catherine gave birth to a daughter, Mary Seymour, on 30th August 1548 but died a few days later, on 5th September from complications of the birth. Thomas Seymour was executed for treason less than a year later and their daughter Mary went to live with relatives. There seems to be no record of her past her second birthday and many historians believe she died as a child. It is speculated that Henry VIII's numerous marriages were an attempt to ensure the succession of the monarchy. It is also speculated that he loved Jane Seymour more deeply than his other wives, because he is buried alongside her in St. Georges Chapel in Windsor Castle. Though it is said that the two wives who were excuted underwent due process of the law, Henry removed the Roman Catholic Church in order to have his personal agenda approved. The Roman Catholic Church was the Court of Appeals. Hence, Henry removed any chance of true 'due process of the law.' == == == ==

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Henry VIII

Who succeeded King Henry VIII?

Community Answer 1

After Henry VIII died, his son, Edward VI ruled until his death 9 years later.

Strangely, Edward changed his will so that his cousin, Jane Grey, would become queen though she was the 4th in line (because if not Mary, a staunch Roman Catholic married to the King of Spain, would succeed and reverse all Henry's breakaway reforms). She ruled for 9 days until Edward's sister, Mary, came and beheaded her for treason.

Mary ruled until her death also (doing exactly what Edward feared and with great bloodshed).

Then Elizabeth I ruled for a rich 45 years. She also beheaded her cousin, but then named the cousin's son her successor. He was James I.

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Community Answer 2

Henry VIII was succeeded by his son Edward who reigned briefly as Edward VI under a regent. A sickly boy who died before his majority, he was nothing like his famous father. Learned and sensitive, he most likely would have ruled effectively during this turbulent period in English history. Devout of faith, an Anglican, Edward was also keen to unite his kingdom and end the bloody "wars of faith" between Catholics and the newly created Church of England. Henry VIII's break from Roman Catholicism. As history would have it, Edward died within a decade of his ascension to be succeeded by his half-sister, the Catholic, Mary Tudor. Further widening the religious factions .

He was the son of Jane Seymour (who died shortly after childbirth). He was 9 years old when he took up the throne.

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Community Answer 3

Edward, Henry's only legitimate son succeeded Henry 8. Edward's mother was Jane Seymour, wife #3

Then:

Mary, Henry's older daughter. Mary's mother was Katherine of Aragon, wife #1

Then:

Elizabeth, Henry's younger daughter. Elizabeth's mother was Anne Boleyn, wife #2

His son Edward, who became Edward VI.

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Community Answer 4

1. His son Edward

2. His daughter Mary

3. his daughter Elizabeth

4. His niece Frances Brandon and her children

His son Edward VI who was only 9 years old. So in reality the country was ruled by a Council of Regents.

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Community Answer 5

His son Edward, whose mother was Henry's 3rd Queen, Jane Seymour

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Community Answer 6

Edward I "Long Shanks" was the successor to the throne after Henry III, reigning from 1272 - 1307.

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Community Answer 7

Henry's only surviving son, Edward, inherited the Crown, becoming Edward VI.

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History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

When did Henry VIII go to war Scotland?

He didn't go into a big official war but there was the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513 which was defensive after the Scottish invaded. There was also border raids and retaliation for Scottish border raids. Then towards the end of his reign there was the 'rough wooing' of Mary Queen of Scots where the Earl of Hertford lead soldiers into Scotland so that they could burn and destroy towns/villages until the Scots agreed to a betrothal between Mary Queen of Scots and Prince Edward.

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History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

Why did Henry VIII kill Robert Aske?

Robert Aske helped to lead the 'Pilgrimage of the Grace' rebellion against Henry VIII's religious reforms. Aske was invited to court to talk to the King and privy council, they then lied to him and said that his demands would be met and pardons would be issued. When Aske returned to the North he was arrested alongside other rebel leaders and people who had been involved. Aske was then hung in chains from York minster.

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Monarchy
Elizabeth I
Henry VIII

Which of Henry's daughters finally restored order in England?

Mary did turn England Catholic again in 1554

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History of England
Anglican
Henry VIII

How did Henry VIII's split from the Catholic Church differ from some of the other reform movements?

A:

Martin Luther and others split with the Catholic Church over issues of morals and doctrine, when they believed the Church had become irretrievably corrupt and had introduced teachings at variance with the Bible. The split between King Henry VIII and the Catholic Church was fundamentally different.

King Henry VIII was a staunch Catholic and had no criticism of the Catholic Church, either in terms of morals or doctrine. In fact, it was his defence of the Catholic Church against the claims of Martin Luther, that earnt him the papal attribute of 'Defender of the Faith'.

However, Henry believed he needed a son to ensure the succession to the crown, as there was no strong precedent for female successors. He knew that the Church's rules on annulment were somewhat elastic and so petitioned Pope Clement VII for an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. His grounds would be that her prior marriage with his brother had been consummated and therefore her marriage with Henry was technically incestuous. Clement desperately wanted to please Henry but vacillated for too long. When Pope Clement had unsuccessfully engaged the armies of Emperor Charles in battle, he was no longer a free agent and realised that as Catherine was the aunt of the emperor he could do no other than to refuse the annulment. Henry, in turn, broke ties with the pope and ordered the English bishops to annul his marriage. His only criticism of the Catholic Church was that papal rulings that had applied to others should have also been available to him.

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Answer

The main difference between Henry VIII's split from the Catholic Church and the other protestant heretics on the mainland of Europe was that Henry made himself head of his new Church. He was "fond" of Catholicism and wished to keep the trappings, I would suppose for two main reasons. As long as he was keeping the bishops and priests, the vestments, the "Mass" (howbeit in English and devoid of all its sacrificial aspects) he would not have as many problems with the common man who didn't know what was being said in Latin anyway. The new Church certainly looked the same, and they were called the same things, and they vested similarity. Henry had problems with his new Churchmen that he had installed for the very reason that they were all protestant to the core and did not like the fact that they still had some Catholic "trappings" even if they were totally eviscerated of any meaning that had previously held. Nevertheless many true Catholics who realized that their faith had been removed from them were martyred trying to stay with the faith. You do not hear about as many people killed in Germany, for instance, as Henry and his children murdered to enforce their new religion.

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Monarchy
Henry VIII

What are some of King Henry VIII famous quotes?

Some of his famous quotes include:

"Off with her head!"


"There is no head however fine that I cannot make fly"


"Mary is the pearl of my world"


"To wish myself in my sweetheart's arms, whose pretty ducks I trust shortly to kiss"


"You have sent me a Flanders mare"


"I like her not!"


"If a man shall take his brother's wife it is an unclean thing... they shall be childless- Leviticus"

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History of England
Henry VIII

Why did Henry VIII want Fidei defensor?

Henry VIII was competitive and vain, and other Kings at the time had titles, such as King Charles being 'The Catholic King'. After Henry wrote his 'Assertio Septem Sacramentorum' (Defence of the Seven Sacraments) in response to Luther's criticisms, the Pope finally gave into Henry's vanity and gave him the title 'Fidei Defensor' (Defender of the faith).

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History of England
Henry VIII

What is the rhyme about Henry VIII's wives?

The wives, in order, were:

Catherine of Aragon

Anne Boleyn

Jane Seymour

Anne of Cleves

Catherine Howard

Catherine Parr

The rhyme tells what happened to each of them, in the same order:

Divorced beheaded died

Divorced beheaded survived.

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History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

Which of Henry VIIII wives were the prettiest?

In order of prettiest-

Catherine of Aragon, Katherine Howard, Anne Boylen, Catherine Parr, Anne of Cleves and Jane Seymour.

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History of England
History of Europe
Henry VIII

Why did Henry VIII break with Rome?

Henry VIII was a king from the Tudor era. He is mainly known for having 6 wives. He also started the Church of England and broke with the Roman Catholic Church. We are going to take a closer look at why Henry broke with Rome and how significant money was when breaking with Rome.

Henry had just fought in a war against France. He had splashed the cash on all the latest weapons. This cost Henry a lot of money and Henry needed money soon. The Church was incredibly rich at that time. To Henry it made sense to take over the church and take its money. The pope was also taking all the taxes people would give in tithes and offerings. Henry 'needed' the money so he could spend it on the war.

Henry was married to Catherine of Aragon at this time but she had failed to give him a son. Henry wanted a son to take over power from him when he died. Henry thought God was punishing him for marrying his brother's widow. He also loved Anne Boleyn and was sure she would give him a son. Before he could even think about marring Anne he would have to divorce Catherine. If he did he would need permission from the Pope. The Holy Roman Empire controlled the Pope and his decisions. The leader of the Holy Roman Empire was related to Catherine of Aragon and did not want to let the family down by letting his relative get divorced. This obviously did not please Henry. If Henry wanted to divorce Catherine than he would have to do something about this situation. If he took over the church he could get a divorce whenever he wanted.

The monks and nuns where not living very holy lives. They were greedy and sinful. They were stealing money and wine. This was a big problem that needed thinking about. Henry knew that if the monasteries remained open that he would be 'the king who let down England'. This would not be good as he thought of himself as the most powerful king. He could not intervene with the monasteries as they were under the church's protection. If Henry took over the Catholic church than he could solve the problem. This is another reason why he broke with the church.

Henry longed for power. That was all he ever wanted. The church was also the most powerful thing there was at that time. It could make decisions for you and you could not change that decision. Henry longed for that amount of power. If he took over the church he could have that amount of power and use that power whenever he wanted to.

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History of England
Celebrities
Monarchy
Henry VIII

Is Stephanie Seymour the daughter of Jane Seymour?

Katherine is her daughter.

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History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

How many of Henry VIII's wives lost their heads?

Two of Henry VIII's six wives lost their heads:

Second wife Anne Boleyn on May 19, 1536 and fifth wife Katherine Howard on February 13, 1542.

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Henry VIII

Why did Henry VIII invent tennis?

,

I am Charlie, a Historian, and i have recently studied the activities Henry VIII did. I believe he didn't invent tennis but he certainly played it, alot, he was the olympic champion of his time. Other activities he also played was, chess and poker, But as he grew older he then started to invent sports and thus became the sport known as extreme BMXing. He was the champion of this sport, whilst he might be abit on the tubby side, he was still good on a bike.

I hope this has cleared your issue and i hope you have now got some more knowledge of Henry VIII.

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Catholicism
Anglican
Henry VIII

What English monarch broke away from the Catholic Church and what are the two churches he made?

Catholic Answer

England became a part of the reformation more through politics than theological debate. King Henry VIII (1509-47) needed an heir to the throne and with his wife was unable to produce one. The Pope would not grant a divorce and so Henry convinced Parliament to declare him head of the Church in England. Henry's daughter, Mary Tudor, was a staunch Catholic and persecuted the Protestants. When Henry's other daughter, Elizabeth, inherited the throne, she tolerated the Protestants just enough so as not to irritate the Pope. When the English fleet defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588, the Anglican Church permanently replaced the Catholic one in England.

(Below is an excerpt from the biography of Henry VIII)

In 1534 Henry VIII was declared head of the English Church. People had to swear an oath that in future they would obey Henry as head of the church. More refused and he was convicted of high treason. Still refusing to recant, he was executed at the Tower of London on 6 July 1535.

The Pope and the Catholic church in Rome were horrified when they heard the news that Henry had destroyed St. Thomas Becket's Shrine. On 17 December 1538, the Pope announced to the Christian world that Henry VIII had been excommunicated from the Catholic church.

The only Church that Henry started and his daughter, Elizabeth codified, would be the Anglican Church. The Methodist, Puritans, Quakers, and others broke away from them. To the best of my knowledge, Henry VIII only started one church - The church of England.

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Cathedral and Church History

What other names is Henry VIII church given?

The Church of England (c of e) and the Anglican Church.

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Henry VIII
Elizabeth II
Castles

Did any kings or queens live at warwick castle?

Henry VIII and his wives lived at Warwick Castle, he actually made refurbishments to the castle like fixing the kitchen roof

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Henry VIII
Actors & Actresses

Is Jane lynch in the fugitive?

Yes

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Henry VIII

Who were Henry VIII's children?

Henry VIII had three legitimate children:

Mary I (DOB 18/2/1516 Mother: Catherine of Aragon marriage was annulled)

Elizabeth I (DOB 7/9/1533 Mother: Anne Boleyn. Later executed for adultery, incest and witchcraft and Elizabeth declared illegitimate)

Edward VI (DOB 12/10/1537 Mother: Jane Symore who died in child birth)

Henry also fathered at least one illegitimate child:

Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Somerset (DOB 15/6/1519 Mother Elizabeth Blount).

It is also suggested that he may have had another son by Mary Boleyn Sir Henry Carey, Baron Hunson however there is no contemporary evidence to support this theory.

Henry VIII had four living children with four different women:

  • Henry Fitzroy, a result of an affair with Bessie Blount
  • Mary (known during her reign as queen as Bloody Mary), with his first wife, Queen Katherine of Aragon
  • Elizabeth (who would later become Queen Elizabeth I and rule England for over forty years), with his second wife, Anne Boleyn
  • Edward (who died not long after ascending to the throne as a young boy), with his third wife, Jane Seymour

Mary, ( daughter of Catherine of Aragon, 1st wife of Henry)

Elizabeth ( daughter of Anne Boleyn, Henry's 2nd wife)

Edward Vl (Son of Jane Seymour, Henry's 3rd wife)

Those which survived childhood were Edward VI (1547-53)Mary I (1553-58)and Elizabeth I (1558-1603)He also had a child with a mistress called Henry Fiztroy

Henry VIII had three legitimate children; Mary (later Queen Mary I), Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth I) and Edward (later King Edward VI).

King Henry the VIII had Four childrenMary, who became Queen Mary I. Her mother was Catherine of Aragon.Henry FitzRoy, illigitimate Son of his Mistress "Bessie" Blounce. Henry FitzRoy was made the Duke of Richmond In June 1525 In what was a path to legitimatizing him.Elizabeth, who became Queen Elizabeth I Her mother was Anne Boleyn,Edward, who became King Edward VI. His mother was Jane Seymour.

He had three kids MaryI,(Catherine of Aragon's daughter) ElizabethI, (Anne Boleyn'sdaughter) and EdwardVI (Jane Seymour's son)

Henry also had an acknowledged illegitimate son:

Henry Fitzroy (1519 - 1536) Duke of Richmond (by Henry's mistress Elizabeth Blount)

There may have been other illegitimate children, possibly by Mary Boleyn, (and in particular her son, Henry Carey) another of Henry's mistresses and sister of Anne Boleyn; but they have not been confirmed or acknowledged, probably because of the timing of the relationship between Henry and Mary Boleyn.

The children, and their respective mothers, of Henry VIII (1491 - 1547) are:

Mary I (1516 - 1558) by Catherine of Aragon - first wife (1485 - 1536)

Elizabeth I (1533 - 1603) by Anne Boleyn - second wife (c1501-07 - 1536)

Edward VI (1537 - 1553) by Jane Seymour - third wife (c1504-09 - 1537)

Catherine of Aragon did give birth to six children, but apart from Mary, they were stillborn or died within a few weeks. Anne Boleyn had at least two miscarriages.

Anne of Cleves (1515 - 1557)

Catherine Howard (c1520 - 1542)

Katherine Parr (c1512 - 1548)

did not bear Henry any children.

Henry also had an acknowledged illegitimate son:

Henry Fitzroy (1519 - 1536) Duke of Richmond (by Henry's mistress Elizabeth Blount)

There may have been other illegitimate children, possibly by Mary Boleyn, (and in particular her son, Henry Carey) another of Henry's mistresses and sister of Anne Boleyn; but they have not been confirmed or acknowledged, probably because of the timing of Henry's relationship with Mary Boleyn.
two
King Henry VIII had three children, Mary 1th, Elizabeth 1th and Edward 6th.
Well as most of us know King Henry the 8TH had 3 children Edward who died young,Mary and Elizabeth.

But know we have our doubt about this and we think we know that king Henry infact had a affair with Mary Boleyn and they had 2 children one was a boy and one was a girl.

These were both illegitimate children as there parents werent married.

Mary Boleyn was Anne Boleyn's sister.
2.

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History of England
Henry VIII

What is the seal of Jane Seymour Henry 8ths wife?

Jane Seymour's heraldic badge depicts a crowned phoenix rising up from a castle, with red and white roses growing out from the castle. An image of this can be found here: www.tudorhistory.org/seymour/seymourbadge.jpg

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History of England
Monarchy
Henry VIII

What was Henry VIII's position in the royal family?

Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 to his death in 1547. Before that time he held the positions of Constable of Dover Castle and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Duke of York, Earl Marshall of England, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and became Prince of Wales when his older brother Arther died in 1502.

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Henry VIII

Are the now royal family related to Henry VIII?

Elizabeth II and the Windsors are related to Henry VIII but not directly. Elizabeth II is his great-niece 14 times removed and she is Mary I, Elizabeth I and Edward VI's first cousin 13 times removed. She is however a direct descendant of Mary Queen of Scots, Margaret Tudor (Henry VIII's big sister) and Henry VII.

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History of England
Military Equipment
Henry VIII

How many flags did the Mary rose have?

Many dozens.

In addition to the Naval Ensigns, the Union flag and the flag of the King (this is why it was called a flag-carrier), all naval ships of this time carried signalling flags which could be used to communicate between ships of the fleet.

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History of England
Anglican
Henry VIII

What was the most important reason for Henry VIII making changes to the Church of England?

For power because Henry wanted a lot of power and also the pope had more then him.

--------------------------The subject is complex. Henry didn't make many changes in the Church in England,he established it, but that was simply confirming what had been done in 312, by Constantine the Roman Emperor.

Henry's greatest effort was to put in place all the laws and restrictions that had been on the statute book for at least some 500 years. These laws were the ones inhibiting, or restricting the unwarranted actions of the papacy, regulations that restricted the Bishop of Rome from interfering in English Law by takng money out of the country illegally!

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