WW2 Homefront

WW2 home front refers to the activities of the civilians during WW2. The governments of affected countries required their civilians to assist in the war effort. While the men fought at the front lines, the women provided logistic support.

6,422 Questions
World War 2
Stamp Collecting (Philately)
WW2 Homefront

What is the value of World War 2 ration books with all the unused stamps intact?

World War 2 Ration Books

  • The war ration was not very high. The war ration stamps are very common and the demand for them in the collector's circle is not very high. A complete book might get $10, whereas partial books and single stamps are not going to be anywhere near as valuable.

    The sentimental value is of more value, as it reminds people of the struggles and their contribution to the war effort.

  • I agree completely with the sentimental value when finding out that in 1945+, one had to use these stamps to purchase food. Families also had to do an inventory of what they had in their pantry, and they would have to actually subtract their stamps from the book, based on their inventory.
  • Rationing ended in 1945; ration stamps obviously have no objective economic value. But they are collected by some people, so they have subjective collectible value. The best way to find the current going prices would be to search eBay auctions for stamps like yours.
  • Fewer of the ration stamps were used in Books 2 & 3, making them less valuable.

    Click on the Related Link for more information.

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront

How can you find information on a World War 2 veteran?

Researching a WWII VetTry the National Archives.

This link will take you right to the page where you can either download or order the appropriate forms needed to request military records.

NARA | Research Room | Access to Military Service and Pension Records: This is one of best places to find info. You can download the proper forms here to order service records. The NARA has never let me down.

Here is more input:

  • aad.archives.gov has some searchable databases although they havent any service records since the fire in 1973 destroyed nearly 92% of all Army/AirForce service records. Choose your subject and prepare for lots of reading.
  • If you have copies of discharge papers it will have the division, etc. the person was in. My father was in the 2nd infantry division, 23rd regiment. The Army/Navy published history books in 1946 and I just found a copy "The Second Division in World War II". It is a very interesting book with maps, statistics, etc. telling the story of the 3 regiments in the second division. It has the names of all soldiers who died during the war and tells stories of all the battles. My father received the Distinguished Service Cross and this book describes what he did to receive it. This book was just re-published in 2000 by Battery Press, Inc. If interested in this type of book try searching World War II books for the division the person was in. This book was also listed under "The Combat History of the Second Division in World War II".
  • Visit your local Veterans of Foreign Wars or American Legion Hall. Most towns have one. They are places where veterans gather a few times a month, and "remember". They hold patriotic ceremonies on war holidays such as Veterans Day, 4th of July, Memorial Day, etc. If you find the address for your local veterans organization, I'm sure you could visit, and ask them questions, and get more info.
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US Military
WW2 Homefront
US in WW2
Veterans Affairs and Issues

How can you find information on former service members who served in the US Armed Forces?

Discharge71

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WW2 Homefront
Spanish Football
La Liga BBVA
Madrid

What does Hala Madrid mean?

It means "Go Madrid"

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
US in WW2

What was life like for a US soldier in World War 2?

The life of a U.S. soldier was characterzied by frequent movements and harsh conditions caused by inadequate sleeping accommodations and malnutrient diets.

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WW2 Homefront

What important roles did women play during World War 2?

Women filled valuable roles in industry, substituting for men who were off to war. Their contributions were invaluable. Issues of voting rights would rise to importance following the war. so...

  • Wives
  • Building ships, planes,and tanks
  • Working in factories
  • Air Raid Wardens
  • Driving Fire Engines
  • Plumbers
  • Ambulance Drivers
  • WRVS Volunteers
  • Nurses
  • Ferrying aircraft (in the US)

Women had to do many jobs previously done almost exclusively by men, especially in armament production. Mothers had to assume the roles of their absent husbands. Without the efforts of many women, the war effort and the home-front successes would not have been possible.

In the Soviet Union, where the entire populace was needed to resist the German invasion, some women piloted warplanes to fight the enemy. By the end of the war, 12% of the "airmen" in the Soviet Air Force were women. Some men were not comfortable flying alongside women and refused to fly in squadrons with female pilots and crews.

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
Britain in WW2

What effects did World War 2 have on women in America?

Women began to do the jobs that the men used to do. They worked in factories, steel mills, and on fighter planes. A woman who worked in an industrial or manufacturing job was refered to as "Rosie the Riviter". More independent, less willing to lose their new gained power, managed America when men were at war.

Also set new standards of female participation in Wars, pilots, shippers and nurses. Women married earlier in life, had more children and relied much less on their husbands after the war. The divorce rate in the United States and Britain skyrocketed, compared to previous years. Women held higher paying jobs than in pre-war years, and this caused some conflict when men were discharged from the military and wanted their old jobs back, which were now held by women.

Women went into the workplace and never looked back. They took over factory jobs, drove trucks, flew military aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean to England, and numerous other jobs that had traditionaly been open only to men. Once the men returned from the war the women were more independent than ever and would never be content to sit at home again. Women played the role of helping fabricate weapons and bombs and all the equipment the soldiers would need.

Women never set foot on the battle field but they also were nurses and assistants and that helped alot since they needed medical treatments The above answer about women " never setting foot on the battlefield" is dead wrong.

Canadian Army nurses were about 5 to 8 miles behind the front lines in Italy, and later in France, Belgium, Holland, and Germany. They worked in advanced aid stations and advanced medical care stations, and DOZENS of them were killed by enemy fire. They assisted in the operating rooms, and were trained as "gas passers" or anesthetic nurses, as well as x-ray techs, and cast techs.

Many other nursing sisters were lost in ship sinkings on the passage to Europe, when their ships were sunk by U-boats. They were just as dead as any one else. During WWII it was womens time to shine. Their men were gone fighting on the frontlines while they were left to fight on the honefront. It was up to women and their long hours spent in war factories and their scarafices that ensure American Soldiers the necessary euipment to achieve victory. Thank You ladies for all you did for our country and thank you soldiers for giving it all. God Bless

It is important to note that while during the war women did amazing work in the factories and service in all branches of the military, the post-war conditions for women did not reflect all that it might seem they should have gained. The late 40s and 50s saw an almost complete reversion to previous gender norms. Among other effects, women typically were replaced by men in the factories and the ideal of stay-at-home domesticity gained even more strength (bolstered by the strength of the U.S. economy at the time). While divorce rates skyrocketed, indicating the beginning of greater gender autonomy, it wasn't until the 1960s that any real, tangible change could be seen for women beyond a few specific demographics.

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WW2 Homefront

How do you find information on a relative who served in World War 2?

Go to the web site "Dad's War: Finding and Telling Your Father's World War II Story" -- it will tell you every thing you need to know. It's a complicated process, since many Federal records were destroyed in a fire. The website linked is an excellent source of data.

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WW2 Homefront

Why did they have to use ration book?

German bombed ships that delivered the food so a ration book helped people to buy food.

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
Japan in WW2

Did men and women work in factories in the 1900s?

Yes men and women worked in factories

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
France in WW2

What was an average meal for Americans during World War 2?

That's not a easy question. If you were behind the lines it could have been any type of normal meal. Navy guys got hot chow nearly everyday. So did Air Force types. But Army and Marine infantry outfits on the frontlines would have c rations or k rations or a hot meal once in a while or nothing at all for days on end! Or sometimes you would eat what ever you could catch yourself or take from a dead German or Jap. Nice, huh?

If you know someone who spent time in the infantry give them a big hug and say thanks.

P.S. An authentic dish you could serve would be S.O.S. (sh*t on a shingle), as it was known, which was hamburger gravy served on toast or good old spam.

Answer

I couldn't say exactly, however, food was rationed of course and "Victory Gardens" became popular. I would check out some old cookbooks for that time just to see and remember that coffee and sugar were both greatly limited.

Hope this helps. Mary

Answer

That depends a great deal on where you lived in the US, how good a cook your mother was and how well she could cope with the shortages. I lived in So Cal so fruits and vegetables were plentiful. Meat was rationed and I believe lots of ground meat was used. Sugar, coffee, butter (rationed or just non-existent?) were among the rationed items. So Cal had Army, Navy, Marines, Air Corps basis with PXs so often servicemen would buy things at PXs for their families. I know we had to use a white, Crisco-like substance mixed with a flavored yellow sort of pill to use as butter. My mother hated it!

I believe there were recipes for eggless cakes, sugarless desserts,and lots of recipes for meatloaf. Think people ate lots of macaroni and cheese, tuna and noodles, mixed casserole dishes containing a little ground beef.

My husband lived in Kentucky in the horse country where there were lots of farms. He did not recall many shortages as many people raised their own cattle and hogs, had their own cows, grew much of their own food.

Answer

K rations were eaten in the battlefields Hot chow in bases and as stated, the navy. The K ration was designed to provide 3,000 calories. These were NEVER intended to be used for more than a few days however, soldiers were forced to eat K rations for months The K ration has three varieties:

The U.S. Army's K ration was a compact ration design for use by combat troops in the field. The ration was designed to provide 3,000 calories. Although never intended to be used for more than a few days, however many troops were forced to use K rations for extended periods of time. The contents of a K ration in its three varieties; all had a can opener , cigerettes and a small wooden spoon

Breakfast K Ration (2 choices)

ham & egg, or chopped pork & egg yolk (all canned) soluble coffee fruit bar compressed cereal bar biscuits water-purification tablets Gum sugar tablets toilet paper 4 cigarettes wooden spoon

Dinner K Ration (3 choices)

hard biscuits matches candy bar American cheese, cheese w/bacon bits, or Swiss cheese (all canned) gum beverage powders (lemon, orange, or grape) granulated sugar salt tablets 4 cigarettes wooden spoon

Supper K Ration (2 varieties)

Beef & Pork Loaf or Pork w/Carrot & Apple (all canned) hard biscuits bouillon powder chocolate or caramels gum soluble coffee sugar 4 cigarettes wooden spoon

Also available was the D-Ration, an emergency ration consisting of three 4-oz hard chocolate bars, made from a mix of cocoa powder, oat flour, sugar, and milk powder, fortified with B-vitamins. If all three bars were eaten, the ration provided 1800 calories per day.

in world war II pretty much anything MRE ranged from the most totally unrelated meals you could imagine. so really anything goes

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World War 2
History of the United States
WW2 Homefront

How did the Rosie Riveter pictures illustrate changes in American society due to World War 2?

The poster reflected how women had entered into the workforce and often did the work normally assigned to men .

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History of the United States
WW2 Homefront
Math and Arithmetic
Geography

What is occidental rationalism?

Occidental rationalism (or instrumental rationalism) is the specific type of rationalism that the sociologist Max Weber claimed to have developed in Western societies over the past couple of hundred years. Specifically this developed out in predominantly Protestant countries and was the result of ascetic values associated with such sects. He explored these notions in the book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
Britain in WW2

Why was blackout necessary?

During WW2, the first bombing missions were flown at night. So the lights of the cities would show the enemy navigators where they were. If the civilians observed a Blackout, they would turn out the lights or cover their windows. Even though the enemy bomber may not be intending to bomb that city, he could use it as a navigation point to where his target was located. The navigators also looked for landmarks: such as water towers, railroads, bridges or big buildings. They could see these landmarks from the city lights that reflected off the clouds.

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WW2 Homefront

What was rationed during World War 2?

There were differences in rationing between the various countries in the war, and variations over time. In addition to rationing by coupon, some products were simply not available for civilian use (for example nylon), and others were often hard to find (for example, photographic film and good quality paper). Many things were rationed. Foodstuffs like bananas were scarce and many things including sugar, meat, butter, cheese, eggs, milk, tea, chocolate, clothes, fuel oil, rubber, typewriters, cooking oil and many other things were rationed. This happened because the Nazis were sinking ships importing these foods and materials. Nearly all food products were rationed. Cloth, wood and metal, as well as rubber and leather, were all rationed so that the armed forces would have enough for their needs.

Gasoline, oil and grease, as well as kerosene and industrial alcohol, and ink. Paper, carbon paper, pencils, pens and typewriter ribbons, as well as erasors and paperclips and envelopes.

Automobile tires, parts and belts were all unavailable during the war, as the factories were sending all their production to the military's needs. Nylon and silk were used for parachutes, not women's stockings. Rationed items: gasoline, tires (or just impossible to get?), sugar, coffee, shoes, meats hard or impossible to get: chocolate, nylons, butter, some spices, cheese, cigarettes, candy bars, things containing rubber, sheets and pillow cases, linens (used flour sacks in place of dish towels). Tires and fuel for sure. However many things were just not made as U.S companies were told what to make. For example, Studebaker made trucks, Ford made jeeps and liberty ships and so on. So rationing was twofold with entire types of manufacturing shifted to war production. It varied from country to country and from year to year and even from month to month - and sometimes even from week to week. Most countries continued rationing for a time after the end of WWII. In Britain, for example, even bread (!) was rationed for a while in 1946-47.

Things in short supply throughout WWII in most countries included foodstuffs (especially animal products, ranging from milk to meat) and also oil. In Great Britain, the weekly ration per person got smaller and smaller as the war dragged on in to its second and third years. Almost every type of food was rationed; some things were simply not available, like oranges and bananas. Eggs were scarce and sugar was limited to one ounce a week, per person. Powdered milk and eggs were the usual things for breakfast.

Clothing was rationed, so were paper, ink and soap. Gasoline was limited to those who had a job that was essential to the war effort. Most people parked their car for the duration of the war. Coal and oil was severely rationed in Great Britain, as was all most everythinh else.

WHY?

Because so many things had to be brought to the UK by a ship, and the German U-boats were sinking many of them as they crossed the Atlantic Ocean from North America. In order to send much-needed supplies to Great Britain, people in Canada and the USA had to give up SOME of what they were used to, but the rationing here was no where as bad as it was in Great Britain.

An entire generation of British kids grew up undersized and sickly due to a lack of vitamins during their first few years of life during the war years. Actually, great efforts were made in Britain to ensure as far as possible that the next generation did not grow up 'undersized and sickly'. In my schooldays we were given milk and A and D vitamins every day at school. We also ate a higher proportion of vegetables than was usual before or after rationing.

Take a look at Britons born between about 1935 and 1947 and see if they show any obvious signs of being stunted. :)

In Britain rationing continued till 1954, though clothing was taking off rationing in 1949 and bread was rationed for only about 12 months in 1946-47.
Many things that they thought was least important
Food and aluminum for air plains
Almost all foodstuffs were rationed, such as sugar, meat, butter, cheese, eggs, milk, tea, and chocolate.

Cloth, wood and metal, as well as rubber and leather, were all rationed so that the armed forces would have enough for their needs.

Gasoline, oil and grease, as well as kerosene and industrial alcohol, and ink.

Paper, carbon paper, pencils, pens and typewriter ribbons, as well as erasors and paperclips and envelopes.

Automobile tires, parts and belts were all unavailable during the war, as the factories were sending all their production to the military's needs.
Everything from food, to gas was rationed in World War Two. Big families had to get by on so little. They grew there own food in gardens to save a couple of dollars, and reused clothes, or made clothes out of drapes, curtains, table cloths, you name it.

Foods: Surgar, beans, carrots, any fruit, vegetables, flour

Gas: Carpooled instead

Clothes: Made clothes themselves with what they could find or afford
Meat, sugar, gasoline, leather goods - shoes, mens suits, tires,

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History, Politics & Society
WW2 Homefront
Beer and Brewing
YouTube

How much is a 6-pack of billy beer worth today?

About a dollar-this is one of the beer can collecting myths with the longest shelf life.The fact that everyone and their mother saved them,added to the fact that kids don't collect cans anymore,puts them in the 10 for a dollar box at the dwindling beer can shows today.

I would tell you that you should have drank them when they were new,but Billy beer was barely drinkable back then anyway!

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WW2 Homefront

How were ration cards used in World War 2?

Go to this web page and bring up each book. example book 2 the stamps have a M on them ,that was for meat: http://www.scvs.com/stamp/exhib/ration/ Ration books were used in WW2. The government rationed food so we could feed our soldiers at war and feed civilians at the same time. Ration stamps came inside the book and had to be presented so you could actually buy rationed goods. Some goods were: canned foods, sugar, eggs, coffee, sugar, meats. Without a ration stamp, you could not buy rationed foods. There were very strict rules about exactly how to use them. Try searching "ration Books" , there are many sites which include more information.

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
Canada in WW2
Economics

How did World War 2 affect the homefront economy in Canada?

It sent Canada into a new economic cycle. Since weapons and mitilia were needed overseas, factories needed to hire more workers.

It helped to make the economy stronger knowing that we helped in the wars and are able to keep the economy together.

IN 1939, Canada was a mainly agricultural country with over 60 percent of the population living in rural towns or on farms. The industrial sector was concentrated in Quebec and Ontario, and most exports were raw materials from the forests, and mines.

The need to clothe, feed and equip the Canadian armed forces required a complete overhaul of Canadian manufacturing plants and processes. Many smaller towns became regional centers of manufacturing, based on what was needed by the military. Railway lines that were all ready in existence were designated as places that factories would be built beside.

With so many men going into the service, women were ecouraged to go to work in "war factories" where they learned completely new skills and got paid well, too. Soon things were operating around the clock, with three shifts, six days a week. Kids were brought to work, and care centres at the plant were normal. Teen agers were allowed to go to full time work at age 14, to supplement the work force.

Building of new military bases, as well as air fields, and ship yards, brought the need for more lumber, steel, and asphalt, and concrete supplies, as well as construction equipment. Making a simple thing like a naval life jacket produced many small companies in small towns. Sone of them are still in business.

Food production was increased, and so was the out put of home gardens. People were encouraged to grow their own vegetables.

Production of consumer goods stopped, and the factories were conveted to war production. For example, Inglis Appliances, in Toronto made Bren Machine Guns, and Sten sub Machine guns, and General Electric made search lights and radar for ships. Canadian Steel Car in Hamilton switched from making freight cars , to making fighter planes. General Motors in Oshawa, made over ONE MILLION trucks in WW2.

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WW2 Homefront

Did the US have relocation camps for German-Americans during World War 2?

Relocation CampsAccording to the Time-Life series on WW2, the volume titled "The Home Front: U.S.A,":

"After war was declared, about 5,000 German-Americans were rounded up & interned at Ellis Island. By the end of 1942 most were released."

Here are some more considerations:

POW camps of Germans were spread all over. My family met and worked with some of them for a time, in the southern USA. I believe there was also one famous attempt at escape during the war, in Texas(?), but these German prisoners stood out like a sore thumb and were reported and recaptured quickly.

Additional strategic and real-world considerations for General DeWitt's removal order in early 1942 for ethnic Japanese from the West Coast Zone that he commanded, while the same was not viwed as necessary for ethnic Germans:

(1) There was very little risk of a German land invasion of the USA in early 1942, whereas the Japanese had already, on the two days surrounding Pearl Harbor (as mentioned in FDR's speech on December 8th) made large-scale AMPHIBIOUS invasion landings on another five or six major target locations in the Pacific.

(2) 50,000 of the ethnic Japanese were NOT U.S. citizens and thousands spoke little of no English. This was not the case with the ethnic Germans, who had for the most part assimilated in a major way.

(3) Some few German and other eastern European nationals were arrested by the FBI on the west coast, as spies, during this same timeframe. Their numbers were small and easily monitored.

More input

A history site on Beale AFB contains the following exerpt in it's summary of history of the base...

{During World War II, Camp Beale's 86,000 acres were home for more than 60,000 soldiers, a prisoner-of-war encampment, and a 1,000-bed hospital.}

http://www.beale.af.mil/history/ptop.asp

The story I heard goes as follows;

Two nazi pow's planned an escape from the camp at Beale. One night under the cover of darkness, the two men set out through the fence with a couple of days worth of food and the clothes on their back. After three days of walking, they decided to give up and go back. They were trying to walk out of the country and they decided that the U.S.A. was just too big. The catch in the story is that when they left, they set out in a southerly direction. Beale is about 30 miles north of Sacramento, just above Marysville. In reality, they never even got out of the state of California.

That one, I cannot verify, as it is a handed down story from the elders of our family.

In very general terms one needs to distinguish between (1) the relatively small number people in the U.S. who were German nationals and (2) the much larger group of Americans who in varying senses were of German origin who had only U.S. citizenship. This latter group included Americans who spoke no German at all to the small German-speaking communities in some parts of Wisconsin, for example. In other words, the term "German-Americans" is vague.

However, note that the legislation - such as the Alien Enemy Act of 1798 - refers to "enemy ancestry". Those most likely to be arrested and relocated were those who were not well integrated. They could be interned on the basis of gossip and hearsay and things that no ordinary US court would take seriously. Usually, only adult men were interned, but in some cases their families obtained permission to join them.

As far as I'm aware, the latter group was **on the whole** left alone in WWII. As for people in America with German citizenship (and this included many refugees from Nazi persecution) some were interned and/or relocated.

This website provides much more information:

http://www.foitimes.com/internment/gasummary.htm

Added:

It should be obvious that German prisoners of war, that is, members of the German armed forces taken prisoner in combat, were in a completely different category.

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WW2 Homefront
US in WW2

What was football like during world war 2?

The 1939-1940 season was the 65th season of competitive football in England. In September 1939, shortly after World War II was declared, most football competitions were abandoned as the country's attention turned to the war effort. Regional league competitions were set up instead; appearances in these tournaments do not count in players' official records. A few leagues, such as the Northern League, did manage to complete a season, but more than half of the teams were unable to fulfil all their fixtures and resigned. Many footballers signed up to fight in the war and as a result many teams were depleted, and fielded guest players instead - Crystal Palace fielded 186 different players during the seven wartime seasons.[1] The FA Cup was resumed for the 1945-46 season and The Football League for the 1946-47 season

Germany

The 1939-40 season started in August 1939, but with the outbreak of the Second World War shortly after, league football was suspended. It only resumed at the end of October, with a number of local city-championships having been played to bridge the gap.[2] As the war progressed, top-division football became more regionalised. It also expanded into occupied territories, some of them annexed into Greater Germany, increasing the number of tier-one Gauligas considerably from the original 16 in 1933. The last German championship was played in 1944 and won by Dresdner SC, but the last official league game was played as late as 23 April 1945, being the FC Bayern Munich versus TSV 1860 Munich derby in the Gauliga Oberbayern, ending 3-2.[3] The final years of league football saw the rise of military teams, like LSV Hamburg, who reached the 1944 German championship final, since most top-players were drafted into the German armed forces and ended up playing for these sides. Representative teams like the Rote Jäger also had a number of German internationals playing for them.[4]

With the end of the war, ethnic German football clubs in the parts of Germany that were awarded to Poland and the Soviet Union disappeared. Clubs like VfB Königsberg and Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz, who had successfully competed in the German championship on quite a number of occasions[5] disappeared for good. In Czechoslovakia, where the ethnic German minority in the Sudetenlandwas forced to leave the country, clubs experienced the same fate. A few, like BSK Neugablonz,[6] where reformed by these refugees in West Germany.

Some of the events of the war continue to affect German football today. Within the first couple of weeks of the re-development of the Mercedes-Benz Arena in 2009, home of the VfB Stuttgart, 18 undetonated bombs left over from air raids on Stuttgart during the Second World War were found on the construction site. The stadium was originally built, like so many others in Germany, on rubble left over from the war.[7]

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WW2 Homefront
Britain in WW2
Decade - 1940s

How old did you have to be to join the land army?

The minimum age to join the women's Land Army was 17.

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
Military Awards and Medals

What types of jobs did women take over in World War 2?

mainly factory and manufacturing jobs because all of the men were at war.

AnswerMost did seem to stay home with the children considering the number of men that were military. I also believe that it was around that time that women nurses became a popular career! AnswerWe worked our tails off in factories and in different places where they needed help making things for the forces. start of world war 2Women's jobs were simple. They were factory workers driver for the womens air force and more working in hospitals nurses AnswerThey worked in factories and helped manufacture ammunition for the war. Some women also had to look after their next door neighbor's children while they went to work in factories. AnswerWomen basically took most men's job while they were off to war fighting. They packed parachutes, worked in munition plants, were nurses and cared for the men that came home injured; they were secretaries to the staff of the Army, Navy, Airforce. They helped build planes, pumped gas, worked in mills of all types. The were switchboard operators, also. In addition, some joined the armed forces. There were women snipers, machine gunners, tank drivers, scouts, and just about everything else needed for our military. The unfortunate thing is, when the men came back from war most women lost their jobs and thus, women started to really fight for their rights. Women had a good awakening and realized they were more useful than just staying home cleaning the house, cooking and looking after children.
  • There were women snipers, machine gunners, tank drivers, scouts, and just about everything else needed for our military.

Not in the US or German military. I suspect the other poster may be refering to the Russians.

Answermechanics

engineers

tank drivers

building ships

working in factories-making bombs and aircraft parts

air raid wardons

driving fire engines

plumbers

ambulance drivers

wrvs volunteers

nurses

Answer

Women also delivered aircraft from the factories to the operational airfields in England, flying over the same combat zones as the RAF pilots, the only difference was that the planes the women flew had no ammunition for the guns.

Women manned anti-aircraft guns and worked in the operational stations of the RAF. Many women in the armed forces were employed as drivers, including the present Queen of England. They also drove buses and acted as conductors.

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World War 2
World War 1
WW2 Homefront

What was the role of service women in World War 2?

nurses Women in service had many jobs. Many women even joined to fight in the war. In Canada more than 45,000 women signed up. Some went into battle. Others were giving the jobs "drivers of light vehicles, cooks, clerks, messengers,and canteen helpers. They were paid only two-thirds of the basic pay allotted to men." (www.valourandhorror.com/DB/ISSUE/Women/Women_overseas.htm) The women who stayed at home continued raising their families, farming the land, and filling the jobs left unoccupied by servicemen. And don't forget, General Eisenhower's personal driver was a WAC

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Korean War
WW2 Homefront
African-American History

When was Benjamin O Davis Jr married?

his wife is Agatha Scott he married her after collage

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World War 2
WW2 Homefront
Germany in WW2

What are the general reasons for war?

AnswerWar has been used for hundreds of thousands of years as a way of attaining a certain goal through the use of force. There are two main categories for which countries go to war:

1. Political,

2. Economic.

All of the possibilities fit into one (or both) of these two categories. For example:

1. Freedom from oppression (political)

2. Boundary disputes (political)

3. Assasination (political)

4. Resources (economic)

5. Poverty (economic)

6. Boundary disputes, again (economic)

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