15 million (expected amount)
As Chinese does not use the Roman alphabet and as what we call 'Chinese' is in fact a number of languages, there is more than one correct spelling in English. In recent years the spelling Mao Zedong has also become common alongside Mao Tse-Tung.
He got support of the peasants, strengthening communist power.
It does not. If you say America unlock the doors, you may inspire or depress individuals, potentially adding or subtracting upon the oversoul. It is presumptous to say, "'Uncle Tom's Cabin' helped free the slaves", as an example.
Literature affecting society is just another 'rearview mirror' response that educators use as a point of reference to an era, i.e. a laptop for every child would have smoothed the bell curve in the early 21st century.
You might say that literature affects individuals, and that's why some slaves were blinded if they became literate, that's why books are burned. Regrettably we built ourselves a sound bite culture, fiction is dead, and we can throw bombs down chimneys across the globe (or convince youth to self-destruct for a faith) but we cannot affect society. Pay particular attention to writings on mirrors.
If the above were true in its entirety, then one might ask why such a text has an author; for, if literature, writing, or even oral storytelling had no impact on society and its membership, what was the point of anyone providing wiki answers? The presumption that Harriet Beecher Stowe had no affect on her readers to examine the institution of slavery is unsupported. The abolition of slavery is a complex process; however, even the action of seeing in a 'rearview mirror' that you are contributing to the death of slaves encourages some to consider looking out the windscreen at where the world may be driving. Fiction is not dead, and one may witness this by viewing amazon.com, if one is unable to view the bank statements of Michael Crichton or Danielle Steel.
It is in my beliefs that literature does not affect culture. If you want an example, try looking at the Soviet Union. I don't think that any amount of books or literature written there would have done anything to change their government's "no freedom" attitude.
There was corruption, and he let it happen, clouded with his own ideology and growing delusion about his deity-like status.
He intended well, but was ultimately a total n00b at running a country.
A delicate and touchy question.
He did much harm. Possibly as much as 100 million deaths could be credibly attributed to him and his policies.
That said, he kept the Western Powers from meddling with, exploiting, robbing and hurting China any more.
He forced an industrialization that while difficult, was difficult for all other nations. (And while he possibly made it harder than it needed to be, he did get it done.)
He also kept the Soviet Union out of China's affairs, and made sure that it was independent of their influence, trickery and exploitation.
He restored China's pride in itself, and laid the groundwork for it to have the breathing room to become what it is now - a world power, that the world just hasn't fully noticed yet.
Commonly referred to as Chairman Mao, he was the founder of the People's Republic of China in 1949, and was its despotic dictator until his death in 1976.
its not two names but two ways of pronouncing it. Of course, the name is properly written using Chinese symbols. So the question becomes, "how do you render the name using English letters?" One method was used for a long time, giving us "Mao Tse-tung" (Also "Peking" for the capital). This was abandoned in the 1970's because it didn't accurately portray the pronounciation of the names. A different method was then used giving us "Mao Zedong" (and "Beijing")
MAO--His surname TSE-- means to beneficence tung means the East
Political, Economic, Social, and Thought.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 - September 9, 1976), also transliterated as Mao Tse-Tung (in the now less commonly-used Wade-Giles transliteration), was a Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman who led China's communist revolution following decades of civil war.
Until his death, Mao retained his unquestionable place in the Politburo of the Communist Party of China since 1943 and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China since 1945.
As a prominent leader and a veteran having fought many battles, Mao, during the Chinese Civil War, led the Communist Party of China (CPC) to a series of victories that drove the Kuomintang (KMT) and its troops to the island of Taiwan.
On October 1, 1949, at Tiananmen Square, Beijing, Mao announced the establishment of the People's Republic of China. From the 1950s onward, Mao pursued his ideals for a strong and prosperous China, endeavoring to rebuild a new functional government and relieve the poverty of the peasants that made up the majority of population in China. However, it has been argued that movements such as the Anti-Rightist Campaign, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution greatly hamstrung China's development, leading to economic hardship, social turmoil and starvation. Although the exact figure is disputed, it is widely believed tens of millions died as a result of such policies.
After Mao had seized power over mainland China in 1949, a personality cult was developed to deify Mao as, for example, the Grand Helmsman and Saviour of China, which increased his domination of the Communist Party of China and the government.
to gather all of the peasants. Mao predicted that if they farmed together they would get more rice than an individual
Also, to increase the efficiency of agriculture.
He hurt china because he promised food, shelter, water, clothing, and child care and never gave it to them and killed at least 4 million people.
Hua Goufeng then soon after that Deng Xiaping
Chairman Mao died of old age and ill health. He died at the age of 82.
Mao Zedong Mao Zedong is revered publicly in China as a great leader, but there is widespread discrepency over the actual opinions amongst the Chinese. There is no reliable answer, as public polls under the Chinese state media always manipulate the data to be overwhelmingly favor of Mao Zedong, despite the presence of online polls and other surveys by the Chinese themselves that contradict it.
Here are facts highlighting the pros and cons of the former leader of China and his regime, but I encourage you to research the topic yourself for a more concrete answer.
1. Unified China under the Han Chinese (traditional Chinese) after decades of foreign rule by Europeans and Imperial Japan. For many Chinese, the exploitation of their country was a huge source of ire, given their extensive history. He also ended the series of civil wars and domestric strifes that plagued the country
2. Despite the the deaths caused by his policies like the "Great Leap Forward" movement, life expectancy did increase during Mao Zedong's reign, and iron production increased over 30% from 1958-1960 (but it plummeted in 1961 and wouldn't rise back until 1964).
3. In terms of personality & relationships, Mao Zedong was known to have a magnetic personality and was moderate in his manner with regards to friends. He behaved like a peasant & believed himself to be one of the masses (he was not elitist)
4. Mao improved the status of women, and statistics reveal that his reign was marked with improved literacy as well as education for the poor.
1. Mao Zedong's "Great Leap Forward" movement led to the "SÄ�nniÃ¡n dÃ jÄ«huÄ�ng", or the "Three Years of Great Chinese Famine" from 1959-1961. The Chinese government admits tht 15,000,000+ deaths occured from this, but scholarly estimates from China's own researchers & professors place the deaths at anywhere between 20,000,000~43,000,000. Liue Shaoqi, the president of China from 1959-1968, said that Great Leap Forward movement was "30% fault of nature, 70% human error". Needless losses were caused by a corrupt government that Mao Zedong statistically did little to reform.
2. His policies, especially the "Great Leap Forward" movement, destroyed the most real estate (houses & property) in HUMAN HISTORY, far exceeding the damage that all of WWII's bombing campaigns caused. This was done to create new farms in arable land. Even then, Chinese governement statistics in the 1980s shows that there was actually a 30% drop in crop production from 1958 to 1960, which also contributed to the famine.
3. Mao Zedong was also known to be willing be ruthless against his enemies and those that failed to meet his expectations. While this normally would be considered utilitarian, the fact that many of the failures by the peasantry & his subordinates were largely caused by Mao Zedong himself makes it seem unfair in retrospect. When the nation experienced food shortages due to his policies, Mao Zedong refused any form of foreign aid and even exported grain while allowing millions of his people to die in an attempt to hide China's instability in the eyes of the world.
In other words, opposition was always met with ruthless suppression and torture. No exceptions.
4. Modern China has largely rejected Mao's economic policies, and most of China's rise as an economic superpower was due to Deng Xiaoping's capitalistic reforms in the late 1970s, not those of Mao Zedong.
5. The "Culturual Revolution" under Mao Zedong led to destruction of many aspects of Chinese culture, including but not limited to: scholars, historical relics/monuments, art, poetry, and literature.
To summarize, Mao Zedong could be considered a monster seeing as how he did not care how many people died to achieve his goals, but he can also be considered a leader for firmly believing in his cause to be for the prosperity of the nation as a whole. He was a firm advocate of the notion "the ends justify the means". The main questions for most Chinese, however, is whether Mao Zedong did obtain tangible results, and whether the sacrifices made by the people for the state was worthwhile.
+ + +Answer
He didn't. Under his bloody rule tens of millions of Chinese were killed. All vestiges of freedom were snuffed out. Chinese culture was so warped it almost ceased to exist. The Chinese economy was set back decades from where it had been.
Mao Zedong also declared that women have equal rights to men and banned foot binding.
Mao Ze Dong is the chairman of the People's Republic of China between 1949 to 1976.
the great leap forward
here are some things that make Mao bad:
Ä Killed or imprisoned everyone who disagreed with his thoughts or actions.
Ä A dictator.
Ä Got neighbours to spy on each other
Ä Mao was seemed to be responsible for more than 10x deaths than Hitler.
Ä He was based on the following words; "we must destroy the nation".
Ä Most of the people he killed were his own!
Ä The violent conquest of political dissent.
Ä July 2, 1959, he knew badly about disaster striking china but did not dare to tell any of his citizens.
Ä As many as 45 million deaths from starvation.
In the Mao Tse Dong Mausoleum in Beijing, China.
How about politics?
Calligraphy & poetry, two forms of art he actually tried to abolish during his 'reign'.
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