Torture is the infliction of severe physical pain, psychological pain, and possibly injury to a person or other living being on purpose. In most cases, the victim is restrained and unable to resist the violence of the perpetrator. Torture has been used and continues to be used by individuals, organizations, and governments, regardless of numerous governments' and international organizations' laws opposing torture. This is because there are numerous motives for torture such as: punishment, revenge, political re-education, deterrence, interrogation or coercion of the victim or a third party, or simply the sadistic gratification of those carrying out or observing the torture.

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