History of South America

Home to some of the most ancient human civilizations, South America was a battle ground for the expansion of European countries. Today it is a growing and vibrant continent emerging as a key player in world history.

3,811 Questions
History, Politics & Society
Chile
History of South America
US Foreign Policy

Why did the US support the Chilean Coup against Allende in 1973?

The 1970s were times of great change in South America, with peasants and workers organizing for what they thought was a better life, looking up to communism. This was a severe threat to American corporate interests, and Salvador Allende, (Chile's President before the coup d'état) was a socialist on the side of the workers.

Allende supported the strike of copper miners, and nationalized the copper mines. These were controlled by American corporate interests, and they did not take this threat lightly. Allende was also a strong supporter of Fidel Castro.

The US accused the Allende government of promoting Soviet interests in Latin America as Allende nationalized US companies. Investors from the US company International Telephone and Telegraph (ITT), who owned 70% of the Chilean Telephone Company (Chitelco) thought that the Chilean government would nationalize its assets there, and pressured ITT to put the US government through their connections and lobby groups.

Export income fell due fell in both production and price on international markets of copper, the most important export of Chile.

From Wikipedia: "Chilean politics ascended to a state of civil unrest amid strikes, lockouts, economic sanctions, CIA-sponsored propaganda, and a failed coup in June 1973".

There was a annual inflation rate of over 900%. Some people think Allende would have been overthrown by the Chilean army with or without US support.

According to the CIA, although they supported the military Junta, after the overthrow of Allende they had reservations about Pinochet being President. However, he ruled Chile for 17 years. Later it was recognized worldwide he was a brutal dictator and attempts were made to prosecute him in courts.

For further information check the declassified documents from the US Government in the George Washington University Webpage (See related links)

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US Civil War
African-American History
History of South America

Why did some blacks fight for the Confederacy?

This was only allowed to happen right at the end, too late to make any impact.

The Confederate mindset had been strongly against the whole principle, and when one General (Cleburne) suggested putting slaves into uniform, the remark was officially scratched from the minutes of the meeting.

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Mexico
History of South America
History of Spain
Imperialism

Who colonized Mexico why?

Spanish conquistadores led by Hernan Cortes, who was in search of God, gold and glory.

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History of South America
Mayans

When did the Mayans live there?

they lived from 2000b.c to 900A.D

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History of the United States
History of Canada
History of South America

How did the very first people get to the Americas?

The very first people got to Americas by walking. About 2,000 something years ago people from India and Asia crossing Bering Bridge(Serbia, Russia to Alaska, U.S), at that time the Ice connected Russia to Alaska. So people could cross from Asia to Americas. These people were the Indians, later called Native Indians or Native Americans.

And thereafter much later in 1492, when Columbus travelled to Americas, many European nationals started coming by sea-routes by ships.

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Fishing
History of South America
Aztecs

What did they use for fishing in Ancient India?

Nets

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American Revolution
History of South America

What happened to Simon bolivar after the latin American revolution?

he died when he was in his 40's

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Peru
History of South America
Elevations

What are Perú's highest elevations?

Peru's highest elevation is the Huascarán Mountain, standing at 6,768 meters.

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History of Sports
History of the United States
History of South America

What world event happened on February 3 1996?

President Bill Clinton gave a radio address discussing economic security.

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History of South America
Composers
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

When did Sergei Prokofiev die?

Sergei Prokofiev died on March 5, 1953 at the age of 61.

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Languages and Cultures
South America
History of South America

Do most people in south America speak English?

No. Most people in South America speak Spanish, followed by Portuguese. There are three countries that do not speak Portuguese or Spanish, which are English Guyana, French Guiana, Dutch Suriname.

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History of Sports
Home & Garden
History of South America
National Anthems

What is Denmark's national anthem called?

god save the queen

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History of South America
South Africa History
Decade - 1990s

Why is heritage controversial and debated?

Why heritage is controversial and debated

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History of South America
Mayans

How did the North Indian Americans get the name - Indians?

When Columbus sailed West instead of down South in order to find a quicker route to Asia, he accidentally found new land (the New World). However, Columbus was unaware of this discovery, and believed that they were somewhere in India. Due to that belief, Columbus called the people he encountered "Indians" thinking they were in India.

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Ancient History
History of South America
Mayans

How was the game of pok-a-tok played?

The game of pok-a-tok was played by the incas, Mayas, & Aztecz. They played with a 6 pound ball.Pok-a-tok was a ball game played by the mayans since 3000BCE. the objective of the game was to get a rubber made ball through a ring using only your head hips and shoulders.whoever lost the team was sacraficed or put into slave labor.

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Mexico
History of South America
Aztecs

Were the big basalt heads in Mexico built by the Aztecs?

They were built by the Olmec people. Olmecs are also known as the first great culture of Latin America.

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Coins and Paper Money
History of South America
Elizabeth II

What is a queen Elizabeth the second coin worth it says east Caribbean states on the back?

The Eastern Caribbean States refers to the islands of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St Kitts-Nevis, St Lucia and St Vincent. The EC$ is pegged at US$1.00=EC$2.70, so the coin's value in US currency is about 37% of its stated EC$ denomination. As for numistmatic value, unless it is in Uncirculated or Proof condition, there isn't likely to be any (I presume that your coin's denomination is 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 or 50 cents or 1 dollar - multiple-dollar coins may be made of precious metal and/or have additional value).

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African-American History
Archaeology
History of South America

Melanie Chisholm and Paul Mealand?

Melanie Chisholm & Paul Mealand

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History of South America

How did Simon bolivar change the world?

He won against Spaniards and freed south America.

Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios y Blanco is said to be the George Washington of South America. He liberated them from Spanish power after a long hard fought war in which many times the opponent believed he had given up. In 1823, Bolívar took command of the invasion of Peru and in September arrived in Lima with Sucre to plan the attack. On 6 August 1824, Bolívar and Sucre jointly defeated the Spanish army in the Battle of Junín. On December 9 Sucre destroyed the last remnant of the Spanish army in the Battle of Ayacucho, eliminating Spain's presence in South America.

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History of South America
Mayans

Who was Indian napoleon?

Samudragupta (335 - 375 A.D)

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History of the United States
Peru
History of South America

How many countries have invaded Peru?

Ecuador and chile, both of those countries suck

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English to Spanish
History of South America
History of Central America

What are the three civilizations that flourished in Spanish America before the fifteenth century?

Aztec, Maya, Inca

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History of South America
Mayans

What is the role of Indian government in Indian economy?

Keynesian (John Keynes) economics is all about using monetary and fiscal (Government) policies to help direct the market towards equilibrium. Keynes didn't believe that the market was self-correcting, and thus required government involvement. Keynesian economics also uses the view that prices are constant in the short term and only adjust in the long term (sticky price theorem). This delay in price adjustment pulls the market away from equilibrium.

Classical Economics (Adam Smith) is based on the idea that an "invisible hand" controls the market place and government involvement just creates an inefficient market place. Adam Smith believed that basic supply and demand is capable of maintaining a marketplace equilibrium. Prices are self adjusting and the market reacts immediately to changes thus maintaining equilibrium in the long run and short run. Government policies such as taxes lead to price distortion that can skew consumer rationality, thus leading to disequilibrium (is that even a word?!...unequilibrium??).

Both these views have faults: Classical failed during the Great Depression - this wouldn't happen if there really was an 'invisible hand' to smooth out the economy.

Keynesian was ineffective during the stagflation (high inflation and low employment) of the 1970s, there isn't a policy that can effectively combat both these variables.

AnswerKeynesian (John Keynes) economics is all about using monetary and fiscal (Government) policies to help direct the market towards equilibrium. Keynes didn't believe that the market was self-correcting, and thus required government involvement. Keynesian economics also uses the view that prices are constant in the short term and only adjust in the long term (sticky price theorem). This delay in price adjustment pulls the market away from equilibrium.

Classical Economics (Adam Smith) is based on the idea that an "invisible hand" controls the market place and government involvement just creates an inefficient market place. Adam Smith believed that basic supply and demand is capable of maintaining a marketplace equilibrium. Prices are self adjusting and the market reacts immediately to changes thus maintaining equilibrium in the long run and short run. Government policies such as taxes lead to price distortion that can skew consumer rationality, thus leading to disequilibrium (is that even a word?!...unequilibrium??).

Both these views have faults: Classical failed during the Great Depression - this wouldn't happen if there really was an 'invisible hand' to smooth out the economy.

Keynesian was ineffective during the stagflation (high inflation and low employment) of the 1970s, there isn't a policy that can effectively combat both these variables.

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Age of Consent & Underage Relationships
Peru
History of South America

How do you say happy new year in Peru?

¡Feliz año nuevo!

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History of South America
Explorers and Expeditions

What did Simon Bolívar do?

He was one of South Americas greatest generals. His victories over the Spanish won independence for Bolivia, Panama, Colombia, Equador, Peru and Venezuela. He was known as 'The Liberator' and the 'George Washington of South America'

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