How do gymnosperms reproduce?
Gymnosperms (meaning "naked seeds") are seed-bearing plants that don't produce flowers, instead they have male and female reproductive organs mostly in the form of cones. Their microsporophylls release pollen into the air to make available to the ovule, in the megasporophylls causing fertilization. Their seeds develop without a protective covering of ovary wall. Conifers (like pines, redwoods, and fir), gingkos, seed ferns, cycadeoids, and cycads are gymnosperms.
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Most gymnosperms have reproductive structures called cones. Cones are covered with scales. Most gymnosperms produce two types of cones: male cones and female cones. Usually, a single plant produces both male and female cones. In some types of gymnosperms, however, individual trees produce either male cones or female cones. A few types of gymnosperms produce no cones at all.
It starts with a seed or spores and slowly turns into maturity. It germinates later. Angiosperms are flowering seeds, so it is covered by a fruit such as apples. Gymnosperms are unprotected seeds,so there are less possibilities to reproduce than angiosperms. Gymnosperms are usually all spores and there are more gymnosperms than angiosperms because of the possibility of growing.
Angiosperms reproduce by producing flowers (male and female sex cells) and after pollination, seeds - this is called sexual reproduction. Some species of Angiosperms can also sometimes reproduce asexually, by producing offsets, suckers, bulblets or plantlets. Gymnosperms reproduce by producing male and female cones (male and female sex cells) and after pollination seeds.
Plants have following major classical groups . 1; Spermatophyta (seed plants ) including Angiosperms and Gymnosperms. 2 ; Pteridophyta (spore producing plants eg club mosses. 3 ; Bryophyta ( Non vascular plants ) eg liverworts. Only spermatophyta are seed producing plant and they reproduce by seed. Spermatophyta are most highly developed plants. Angiosperms are flowering plants . Gymnosperms are coniferous plants.
Seed plants are actually flowering plants. Since the plants reproduce the flowers bloom from the plants. The seeds are carried to different places by the wind. Other plants such as the fern are called seedless plants because ferns do not reproduce by seeds they reproduce by spores. Added: Excepting gymnosperms, which are seed plants that do not flower.
The gymnosperms are primarily conifers (cone bearing trees and shrubs) such as the spruce, pine and fir trees. They are non-flowering plants that produce seeds not encased in any kind of carpel or fruit. The seeds form on the scales of the cone. Whether they form seeds asexually, or sexually (which I doubt, given the absence of a blossom and an ovary), I cannot say for sure. Perhaps someone else can add to this. just…