The 36th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron was assigned the the US Ninth Army after it arrived in France, November 26, 1944.
The noun 'squadron' is a singular, common, concrete noun; a word for a military group; a word for a thing.The noun 'squadron' is a standard collective noun for:a squadron of aeroplanesa squadron of cavalrya squadron of fighter planesa squadron of flying fisha squadron of jetsa squadron of planesa squadron of shipsa squadron of swan
Traditionally, in the 20th century, Air Squadron's consisted of approximately 17 aircraft. For the US Army, during the Vietnam War (there have been many changes since Vietnam), a US Armored Cavalry Squadron consisted of approximately 600 men. A squadron was equivalent to a battalion; and a battalion's company in the cavalry was called a troop. In the artillery, a company was called a "battery."
During the Vietnam War, a squadron of US Armored Cavalry was approximately 600 cavalrymen. Two or more squadrons equalled a regiment; two or more regiments equalled a division. During the Vietnam War (the Army has changed since that time) an Army battalion was equal to a squadron. A cavalry "troop" was equal to a battalion's "company." In the Artillery, a company is called a "battery." Examples: "A" Company, "B" Battery, "C" Troop.
Normally, during the Vietnam War, when a man asked what unit you were with, you'd reply, "...3/5 Cav", or "1st of the O' Duce (1/502nd)", etc. Therefore, when asking about a man's unit, the question was normally referring to his battalion of his particular regiment. Reference to the above examples; the 3/5 Cav means 3rd Squadron 5th Cavalry...and the "1st of the O'Duce" meant 1st battalion of the 502nd Infantry. If the fella asking the question wanted something other than the unit, he'd ask, "What Troop are ya with?" or "What company are ya with?" (those were designated by letters, such as "A" Troop or "B" Company), or "Whose platoon are you with?" (those were numbered, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.). For divisions (patches were sewn on the shoulders, when sewing & patches were available); the question would be, "What division are you guys?" Therefore, a "unit" of US Cavalrymen would be a battalion of air cavalrymen (standard infantrymen=grunts), and that could vary between 600 and 900 men. A "unit" of US Army armored cavalry was called a SQUADRON (not a battalion) and had TROOPS (not companies) and since they were mechanized, they'd had about 900 to 1200 in the squadron. Two or more squadrons equalled a cavalry regiment. Only ONE full cav regiment was in Vietnam...the Blackhorse regiment, the 11th ACR (Armored Cavalry Regiment) commanded by the son of WWII General Patton...Colonel George S. Patton Jr.
During WWII, a USN squadron "could" consist of four US destroyers (warships); during the Vietnam War a USAF squadron "could" consist of about twelve US F4 Phantom jets (warplanes); a US Army squadron (in Vietnam) was equivalent to an army battalion, roughly 600 men or more. The US Armored Cavalry in Vietnam used the term "squadron" instead of "battalion", and used the term "regiment" instead of the word "brigade." Two or more squadrons made up a regiment in the cavalry; or two or more battalions made up a brigade within an Armor or Infantry unit. Two or more regiments or brigades (in the US Army during the Vietnam War) made up a division. In Vietnam, US Army Armored Cavalry squadrons consisted of M551 Sheridan tanks (Armored Airborne Reconnaissance Assault Vehicles) and M113 APC/ACAV (Armored Personnel Carriers/Armored Cavalry Assault Vehicles). US Army Armor Battalions consisted of M48A3 Patton tanks; US Army Mechanized Infantry battalions consisted of M113 APC/ACAVs.
There is a difference between the US Air Force Squadrons and US Army Squadrons. From approximately WWI thru the Vietnam War; US Air Force/US Navy Air Squadrons might have approximately 15 to 17 airplanes per squadron. For the US Army; WWII, Korean War, and Vietnam War, Squadrons were equal to approximately "an Army battalion", which averaged about 600 men per squadron. In the US Army "squadrons" were for "Armored Cavalry" units. Tank units were called ARMOR BATTALIONS, Infantry units were called INFANTRY BATTALIONS, Artillery units were called ARTILLERY BATTALIONS, and Armored Cavalry units were called CAVALRY SQUADRONS. There was a difference in "Company" names also: Armor Battalions, Infantry Battalions, Artillery Battalions, and Armored Cavalry Squadrons were titled differently; ARMOR companies are called companies. Such as Company "A". INFANTRY companies are called companies. Such as Company "B". ARTILLERY companies are called BATTERIES. Such as Battery "C". ARMORED CAVALRY companies are called TROOPS. Such as Troop "D". AFTER THE VIETNAM WAR, the US Army made changes. During the Vietnam War, an Artillery Battery contained 6 Field Guns; today they contain 8 Artillery Pieces. During the Vietnam War, a Tank Company consisted of 17 M-48 Patton Tanks, with 5 Pattons per Platoon, with 2 Pattons in Headquarters Platoon. Today a US Army tank company consists of four M-1 Abrams Tanks per platoon. During the Vietnam War, the 11th (ACR) Blackhorse Regiment (Armored Cavalry Regiment) was the only FULL Cavalry Regiment in country (other Cavalry units were Squadrons or Troops). An Armored Cavalry REGIMENT was approximately equal to a regular US Army BRIGADE. Again, for the 21st Century, the US Army had evolved with time; and today's military organization is different.
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