Battle of the Bulge

Fought from December 16, 1944 through January 25, 1945 the Ardennes Offensive was the last major German offensive of World War 2. The German forces forced a bulge in the Allied lines before it was beaten back.

2,216 Questions
World War 1
World War 2
Battle of the Bulge

What is the third army in World War 2?

The "Third Army" usually denotes a field army. A number of countries have had a Third Army, including Germany. The German Third Army was disbanded in November 1939, only five weeks after the end of the Polish campaign, in which it took part.

Since you asked this in the "Battle of the Bulge" category I am guessing you are asking about the Third US Army. A field army, such as the 3rd, has in it two or more Corps. Each Corps has in it two or more divisions. After the landings at Normandy in France in 1944, the Allied field armies from north to south were the Canadian First Army, British Second Army (together these were the 21st Army Group), the 9th, 1st, and 3rd US Armies (together these three were the 12th Army Group) and the 7th US Army and the French 1st Army (together these were the 6th Army Group). The German attack in the Ardennes Offensive ("Battle of the Bulge") hit the Allied line at the boundary of the US 9th and 1st Armies.

The German attack broke through the Allied line. But the German plan was a desperate one, and for continued success depended on capturing enough Allied gasoline to keep the German tanks moving.

The Third US Army was south of this breakthrough, aimed generally eastward toward the German border. At this time the 3rd Army consisted of the US VIII, XII and XX Corps. The commanding general of the US 3rd Army was General George S. Patton, Jr. He may have been the best US field army commander of the war. The Germans thought so, anyway. Within a day or two Patton halted his attacks eastward, reoriented his army to face northward, and attacked into the soutern flank of the German penetration. The goal may have been to cut off the Germans who had broken through, or to at least restore the Allied line and push the Germans back out, while relieving isolated units which continued to hold out, though surrounded by the Germans.

World War 2
Battle of the Bulge

What is the history of a General McAuliffe World War 2 plaque or trivet?

My father was in 101st in Bastogne and was givin a plaque with the same description (Germans on one side, parratrooper on other side; approx a 6" brass plaque with the words "nuts" and "Bastogne" on the bottom). As much as I can remember he said that it was given to him by the people of the town as a token. His name was S. Lee Savage from Indiana.

AnswerI have a plaque that I paid for when I was in Bastogne. I was in the 609td Destroyer. This plaque I bought from the man who made it,in the back it shows where it was made its patent. it was made in Couvin. AnswerI am familiar with the history of this plaque, and what it signifies. On December 22, the situation at Bastogne was grim. The city was surrounded. Rifle ammunition and food were in short supply, and artillery ammunition stocks were so low that each gun was rationed to only a few rounds per day. Despite this, morale in the city was high. It was known that reinforcements from Patton were enroute to lift the siege. Morale was also kept high by the presence of the 101st Airborne division, who held the city.

The city was controlled by Brig. Gen. Anthony McAuliffe, acting CO of the 101st. Just before noon on the 22nd, two German officers and two enlisted men delivered an ultimatum under flag of truce. It read in part:

"To the USA Commander of the encircled town of Bastogne: The fortune of war is changing. This time strong German armored units have encircled the USA forces in and near Bastogne ... There is only one possibility to save the encircled USA troops from total annihilation; that is the honorable surrender of of the encircled town ...

If this proposal is rejected, one German Artillery Corps and six heavy AA Batallions are ready to annihilate USA troops ... all the serious civilian losses caused by this artillery fire would not correspond with the well-known American humanity..." -The German Commander

After reading the surrender demand McAuliffe said "Ah Nuts!" and dropped the surrender demand on the floor. Some time later McAuliffe was reminded that the German messengers were still waiting for a reply.

"What should I tell them?" McAuliffe asked his staff/

"That first remark of yours would be hard to beat, General." Remarked an officer.

Later, an amused American Colonel named Harper delivered McAuliffe's official response.

"To the German Commander: Nuts!" - The American Commander.

Although fluent in English, the German officer was unable to understand the reply. When asked if the response meant yes or no, Colonel Harper replied:

"If you don't understand what "nuts" means, in plain English it is the same as "go to hell" - and I will tell you something else, if you continue to attack we will kill every German that tries to break into this city."

To this the German officer merely saluted and replied, "We will kill many Americans..."

Without thinking at all, Colonel Harper responded "On your way bud, and good luck to you!" Harper could never explain what could possibly have possessed him to wish the Germans good luck...

Despite the continued fighting Bastogne received its promised air drop the following day, December 23rd, and the siege was lifted on December 26th.

An interesting and amusing piece of WW2 trivia.

AnswerNote: there are several different versions of this plaque floating around. There is the standard round version with the made in Couvin Belgium imprint on the back and the word "patent." Of this version, there is one with no border, and another with an accented border. There is also an octagonal version of this plaque that was probably manufactured later and sold to GI's during the reconstruction period. This version has NO marks on the back.

Also note, there are several other plaques around that are harder to find: Several from Maastricht Holland celebrating its liberation, and a plaque celebrating the capitulation of Germany at the little red school house in France. I am a collector with an interest in liberation memorabilia. If anyone has additional information or would like to talk... email me at JOE

World War 2
Battle of the Bulge
Military Awards and Medals

What do Bronze Stars on a World War 2 theater ribbon mean?

Bronze Stars on a World War II Campaign RibbonEach bronze star on the ribbon of a campaign medal or ribbon bar represents a campaign that the wearer served in. When the wearer has been in five campaigns they turn in the four bronze stars & replace it with a silver star, silver represents five campaigns.

For example, three stars on an ETO ribbon would mean the veteran served in three campaigns in the European Theater of Operations.

The EAME or E.A.M.E. (European, African, Middle Eastern) Theater Ribbon was a way for the U.S. Military to recogize where a person served during WW 2. It was given to all who participated in the European, African and Mediterranean theatres.

As for the EAME ribbon itself, The colors of the ribbon have their own significance: the brown stripes on the outer edges represent the sands of the North African desert. The wide green stripes in the middle represent the forests of Europe. The narrow green white and red stripes on one side represent Italy and the narrow black and white stripes on the other side represent Germany. The narrow red white and blue stripes in the center represent the United States.

Bronze Stars worn upon it are Campaign Stars, NOT to be confused with the Bronze Star Award for Valour. The two CAMPAIGNS mentioned here are:

Rhineland: Sept. 14, 1944 - Mar. 21, 1945

Central Europe: Mar. 22 - May 8, 1945

For one example, a pilot might have these for piloting a B-17G based at Deenethorpe, England, on strategic bombing missions over Europe, Sept. 14, 1944 to V-E Day.

Campaign Medals (theater ribbons) are on page 3 of United States Army Service Medals

Note that you need to be careful on the Internet. I just read that EAME stands for European/African/Mediteranean theater, but the ME really stands for Middle Eastern.

More input:

  • My late husband, a Chief Gunners Mate, had 13 stars on this ribbon, and he told me that each star stood for a different campaign. In addition he had the following: American Defense; 1 star. Philippine Lib. 2 stars; World War II Victory Medal; American Area (Good Conduct Medal); Commendation Ribbons.


Here is a quote from the US Army website.

A service star, also referred to as a battle star, campaign star, or engagement star, is an attachment to a military decoration which denotes participation in military campaigns or multiple bestowals of the same award. Service stars are typically issued for campaign medals, service medals, ribbon awards, and certain military badges. Service stars are different from award stars, which are issued for multiple awards of meritorious and combat decorations. The United States military issues bronze and silver and gold service stars, with a silver service star issued "in lieu" of five bronze. For instance, six campaigns, served on a campaign medal, would be annotated by one silver and one bronze service star. In some situations, service stars are only issued after the second award of a decoration. For instance, three awards of a Sea Service Ribbon would be annotated by the ribbon with two bronze service stars. The United States Army also occasionally issues award numerals, instead of service stars, to denote multiple awards of certain ribbon decorations. In addition to award numerals, the United States Army uses the same Gold award star that is worn on many Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard decorations to denote the tenth and final award of the Army Sea Duty Ribbon. Service stars issued for actions in which a United States Navy vessel participated are also placed on campaign streamers, which are affixed to the U.S. Navy flag. The regulations for this originated in 1942, which defined naval campaign areas and designated engagements. Participation in such engagements, by ships and by individuals, was then denoted by service stars. The United States Army followed a very similar practice with ground campaigns and battle engagements. A common point of confusion is to confuse bronze and silver service stars with the Silver Star Medal and Bronze Star Medal. The main difference between the two is that the Bronze and Silver Star Medals are individual decorations while service stars are worn on awards and are not individual decorations or medals.

The Battle of Hastings
Battle of the Bulge

What mistakes did Harold make at the Battle of Hastings?

Harold was a foot soldier so he couldn't control his soldiers. Please note that all the English fought on foot, horses were used to get to the battle and were not used by them in it.

Harold's mistakesHarold made mistakes by having two battles in the same period of time, and using the wrong weapons. Harold should have waited before engaging battle with the Normans; The Normans burned the lands they pillaged through and consequently would have eventually had to return back to Normandy in order to get food. AnswerIn the Battle of Hastings, Harold was a foot soldier and he couldn't keep an eye on his men from where he was standing.

His men ran after the enemy when they faked retreat, and broke the shield wall - which was until then protecting them extremely well!

When the shield wall broke and Harold's army ran straight ahead, the Normans split into two columns. These then closed on Harold's army. That is called an envelopment.

Then Harold Godwinson fought Harold Hadraada just before the battle.Answer:

Harold's men were not only tired from marching up and then down the country again after taking on and defeating Harald Hardrada but they were also disaffected (fed up) with the terms of their involvement - many of them were not career soldiers but ordinary farm folk who had been rounded up and pressed into Harold's army in leiu of taxes (which he apparently then made them pay anyway). Those that were not killed during the Battle of Stamford Bridge with the Norse King (Harald Hadraada) had marched nearly 250 miles in a couple of days - perhaps if Harold had waited for his men to recover or if he had been a better tactitian he may have been luckier but maybe it was just down to that... luck.

World War 2
WW2 Homefront
Battle of the Bulge
US in WW2

How did World War 2 change America?

That's a very broad question and books could be written on the subject.
One of the largest changes for America was that after the war it was the only one of the Western allies whose economy had not been ruined by the war, which placed the US in a position of having a virtual monopoly on manufactured goods and agricultural exports that lasted for more than a decade, well into the 50's.
While this raised the standard of living for Americans well beyond those living anywhere else, in the end it was a negative in many ways - labor wages for unionized industries grew so large that the US was placed into a non-competitive position by the early 60's. The decline continued during the seventies and eighties, with a corresponding decline in the US standard of living relative to the rest of the world.
When I was young, the US was still sending CARE packages to Italy. Now Italy has a higher standard of living than the US, as I recall from my readings.
That war caused a lot of change in the United States.
1.) The United State's dollar become an international currency after WWII. Our GDP is 45% of the world GDP. Economies boomed like crazy due to factories in Europe completely wiped out
2.) A lot of top scholars in Europe migrated to the USA like scientists ,economists, talented people who made the USA stronger like Einstein, Von Braun who created the first world missile like v2 and Apollo 13.
3.) Nearly all the Jews migrated to the USA from Europe which is smart in economic that they created the sell bond print money policy in which the cost is 4 cents of paper and interest only.
4.)Atomic bomb with the help of top scientists from Europe.

A few thoughts on the topic...
The "Rosie the Riveters" (women who were employed in traditional male jobs) found that they could perform most of the same tasks as their male counterparts was the beginning of the women's movement of the 70's.
At the end of WWII segration of US troops was eliminated giving rise to the Civil Rights movement. Also the fact the the Tuskegee (pardon the spelling) airmen proved that black airmen performed just as well as white airmen supported the birth of the Civil Rights movement.
Soldiers and Sailors came home and found good manufacturing jobs, while the rest of the world was in shambles.
The US wnet from a depression just prior to the War to prosperity immediatly after the war
The people had a sense of national pride and unity supporting industrial growth
The outrage that was felt over the Holocost
Our social consciousness, values, indivdual safety... all of that changed.
on top of that soon after the war, we had the A-bomb threat.
The entire make-up of society was drastically changed in one way or another. ?
I am sure that everybody was not too excited about it it was a huge thing but i mean why would evey body want to talk a about war and other lives taken away it is not a happy thing to talk about. ?
"I am sure that everybody was not too excited about it it was a huge thing but i mean why would evey body want to talk a about war and other lives taken away it is not a happy thing to talk about."
It is not a happy thing to talk about. You are right about that. However, that may very well be the reason it needs to be discussed. To learn of mistakes and successes under the most trying of circumstances can help us to understand ourselves. At the very least it may bring into perspective some of the hardships and obsticles we face in our modern day. Perhaps it will even help prevent such terrible things from happening again.. hopefully. ?
To the person who asked why people bother with reading about wars...
In general, if we don't learn from our past, we cant prevent things like WWII from happening in the future. The world doesnt need another Adolph Hitler in its hands.
But for another reason, I for one find this website useful for my homework and papers when I cant find an answer in a text book or I want extra credit.
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

When did the Germans open the first concentration camp What was it called Where was it located?

On 22 March 1933 Dachau was opened amid considerable publicity. In fact, Himmler launched it at a press conference and so it was not secret.

History of the United States
American Revolution
Battle of the Bulge

What was the importance of the Battle of Saratoga?

It is where the British gave a rap around to George Washington and first surrendered in the Revolutionary War.

It was the first battle the British surrendered in. This made the french recognize the Americans. The French secretly became allies with America, giving them supplies and soldiers.

Eventually the Americans won and defeated the British.

World War 2
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

How can you find a German World War 2 soldier's name?

Try these links:

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Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

What German divisions fought at the battle of the bulge?

German Order of Battle, Ardennes Offensive:

Oberbefehlshaber West
Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt

Army Group B

Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model

Fifth Panzer Army

General der Panzertruppen Hasso von Manteuffel

19th Flak Brigade 207th and 600th Engineer Battalions 653rd Heavy Antitank Battalion 669th Ost (East) Battalion 638th, 1094th, and 1095th Heavy Artillery Batteries 25th/975th Fortress Artillery Battery 1099th, 1119th, and 1121st Heavy Mortar Batteries 3rd Todt Brigade (paramilitary engineers)

XLVII Panzer Corps
General der Panzertruppen Heinrich Freiherr von Lüttwitz

15th Volkswerfer Brigade 182nd Flak Regiment 766th Volksartillerie Corps 2nd Panzer Division Col Meinrad von Lauchert 3rd Panzer Regiment 2nd and 304th Panzergrenadier Regiments 74th Artillery Regiment 2nd Recon Battalion 38th Antitank Battalion 38th Engineer Battalion 273rd Flak Battalion 38th Signals Battalion 9th Panzer Division Genmaj Harold von Elverfeldt 33rd Panzer Regiment 10th and 11th Panzergrenadier Regiments 102nd Artillery Regiment 9th Recon Battalion 50th Antitank Battalion 86th Engineer Battalion 287th Flak Battalion 81st Signals Battalion 301st Heavy Panzer Battalion (attached) Panzer Lehr Division Genlt Fritz Bayerlein 130th Panzer Regiment 901st and 902nd Panzergrenadier Regiments 130th Artillery Regiment 130th Recon Battalion 130th Antitank Battalion 130th Engineer Battalion 311th Flak Battalion 559th Antitank Battalion (attached) 243rd Assault Gun Brigade (attached) 26th Volksgrenadier Division Col Heinz Kokott 39th Fusilier and 77th and 78th Volksgrenadier Regiments 26th Artillery Regiment 26th Recon Battalion 26th Antitank Battalion 26th Engineer Battalion 26th Signals Battalion Fuhrer Begleit Brigade Col Otto Remer 102nd Panzer Battalion 100th Panzergrenadier Regiment 120th Artillery Regiment 120th Recon Battalion 120th Antitank Battalion 120th Engineer Battalion 828th Grenadier Battalion 673rd Flak Regiment

LXVI Corps
General der Artillerie Walter Lucht

16th Volkswerfer Brigade (86th and 87th Werfer Regiments) 244th Assault Gun Brigade 460th Heavy Artillery Battalion 18th Volksgrenadier Division Col Hoffman-Schonborn 293rd, 294th, and 295th Volksgrenadier Regiments 1818th Artillery Regiment 1818th Antitank Battalion 1818th Engineer Battalion 1818th Signals Battalion 62nd Volksgrenadier Division Col Frederich Kittel 164th, 193rd, and 190th Volksgrenadier Regiments 162nd Artillery Regiment 162nd Antitank Battalion 162nd Engineer Battalion 162nd Signals Battalion

LVIII Panzer Corps
General der Panzertruppen Walter Kruger

7th Volkswerfer Brigade (84th and 85th Werfer Regiments) 401st Volksartillerie Corps 1st Flak Regiment 116th Panzer Division Genmaj Siegfried von Waldenburg 16th Panzer Regiment 60th and 156th Panzergrenadier Regiments 146th Artillery Regiment 146th Recon Battalion 226th Antitank Battalion 675th Engineer Battalion 281st Flak Battalion 560th Volksgrenadier DivisionCol Rudolf Langhauser 1128th, 1129th, and 1130th Volksgrenadier Regiments 1560th Artillery Regiment 1560th Antitank Battalion 1560th Engineer Battalion 1560th Signals Battalion

XXXIX Panzer Corps
Genlt Karl Decker

167th Volksgrenadier Division Genlt Hans-Kurt Hocker 331st, 339th, 387th Volksgrenadier Regiments 167th Artillery Regiment 167th Antitank Battalion 167th Engineer Battalion 167th Signals Battalion Sixth Panzer Army

Oberstgruppenfuhrer der Waffen SS Josef Dietrich

506th Heavy Panzer Battalion 683rd Heavy Antitank Battalion 217th Assault Panzer Battalion 394th, 667th, and 902nd Assault Gun Battalions 741st Antitank Battalion 1098th, 1110th, and 1120th Heavy Howitzer Batteries 428th Heavy Mortar Battery 1123rd K-3 Battery 2nd Flak Division (41st and 43rd Regiments) von der Heydte Fallschirmjager Battalion 4th Todt Brigade

I SS Panzer Corps
SS-Gruppenfuhrer Hermann Priess

4th Volkswerfer Brigade (51st and 53rd Werfer Regiments) 9th Volkswerfer Brigade (14th and 54th Werfer Regiments) 388th Volksartillerie Corps 402nd Volksartillerie Corps 501st SS-Artillery Battalion 501st SS-Artillery Observation Battalion 1st SS Panzer Division SS Oberfuhrer Wilhelm Mohnke 1st SS Panzer Regiment 1st and 2nd SS Panzergrenadier Regiments 1st SS Artillery Regiment 1st SS Recon Battalion 1st SS Antitank Battalion 1st SS Engineer Battalion 1st SS Flak Battalion 1st SS Signals Battalion 501st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion (attached) 84th Luftwaffe Flak Battalion attached 3rd Parachute Division Genmaj Wadehn 5th, 8th, and 9th Parachute Infantry Regiments 3rd Artillery Regiment 3rd Recon Battalion 3rd Antitank Battalion 3rd Engineer Battalion 3rd signals battalion 12th SS Panzer Division SS Standartenfuhrer Hugo Kraas 12th SS Panzer Regiment 25th and 26th SS Panzergrenadier Regiments 12th SS Artillery Regiment 12th SS Recon Battalion 12th SS Antitank Battalion 12th SS Engineer Battalion 12th SS Flak Battalion 560th Heavy Antitank Battalion (attached) 12th Volksgrenadier Division Genmaj Gerhard Engel 27th Fusilier and 48th and 89th Volksgrenadier Regiments 12th Artillery Regiment 12th Antitank Battalion 12th Fusilier Battalion 12th Engineer Battalion 12th Signals Battalion 277th Volksgrenadier Division Col Wilhelm Viebig 289th, 990th, and 991st Volksgrenadier Regiments 277th Artillery Regiment 277th Antitank Battalion 277th Engineer Battalion 277th Signals Battalion Panzer Brigade 150 Obersturmbannfuhrer der Waffen SS Otto Skorzeny Two Panzer companies Two Panzergrenadier companies Two antitank companies A heavy mortar battalion (two batteries) 600th SS Parachute Battalion Kampfgruppe 200 (Luftwaffe ground unit) An anti-partisan company

II SS Panzer Corps
SS Obergruppenfuhrer Willi Bittrich

410th Volksartillerie Corps 502nd SS Panzer Battalion 502nd SS Heavy Artillery Battalion 502nd SS Artillery Observation Battalion 2nd SS Panzer Division SS Brigadefuhrer Heinz Lammerding 2nd SS Panzer Regiment 3rd and 4th SS Panzergrenadier Regiments 2nd SS Artillery Regiment 2nd SS Recon Battalion 2nd SS Engineer Battalion 2nd SS Flak Battalion 2nd SS Signals Battalion 9th SS Panzer Division SS Oberfuhrer Sylvester Stadler 9th SS Panzer Regiment 19th and 20th SS Panzergrenadier Regiments 9th SS Artillery Regiment 9th SS Recon Battalion 9th SS Antitank Battalion 9th SS Engineer Battalion 9th SS Flak Battalion 9th SS Signals Battalion 519th Heavy Antitank Battalion (attached)

Genlt Otto Hitzfeld

17th Volkswerfer Brigade (88th and 89th Werfer Regiments) 405th Volksartillerie Corps 1001st Heavy Assault Gun Company 3rd Panzergrenadier Division Genmaj Walter Denkert 8th and 29th Panzergrenadier Regiments 103rd Panzer Battalion 3rd Artillery Regiment 103rd Recon Battalion 3rd Antitank Battalion 3rd Engineer Battalion 3rd Flak Battalion 3rd Signals Battalion 246th Volksgrenadier Division Col Peter Koerte 352nd, 404th, and 689th VG Regiments 246th Artillery Regiment 246th Antitank Battalion 246th Engineer Battalion 246th Signals Battalion 272nd Volksgrenadier Division Genmaj Eugen König 980th, 981st, and 982nd Volksgrenadier Regiments 272nd Artillery Regiment 272nd Antitank Battalion 272nd Engineer Battalion 272nd Signals Battalion 326th Volksgrenadier Division 751st, 752nd, and 753rd Volksgrenadier Regiments 326th Artillery Regiment 326th Antitank Battalion 326th Engineer Battalion 326th Signals Battalion Seventh Army

General der Panzertruppen Erich Brandenberger

657th and 668th Heavy Antitank Battalions 501st Fortress Antitank Battalion 47th Engineer Battalion 1092nd, 1093rd, 1124th, and 1125th Heavy Howitzer Batteries 660th Heavy Artillery Battery 1029th, 1039th, and 1122nd Heavy Mortar Batteries 999th Penal Battalion 44th Machine Gun Battalion 15th Flak Regiment 1st Todt Brigade

LIII Corps
General der Kavallerie Edwin von Rothkirch

9th Volksgrenadier Division Col Werner Kolb 36th, 57th, and 116th VG Regiments 9th Artillery Regiment 9th Antitank Battalion 9th Engineer Battalion 9th Signals Battalion 15th Panzergrenadier Division Col Hans Joachim Deckert 104th and 115th Pzgr Regiments 115th Panzer Battalion 115th Artillery Regiment 115th Recon Battalion 33rd Antitank Battalion 33rd Engineer Battalion 33rd Flak Battalion 33rd Signals Battalion Führer Grenadier Brigade Col Hans Joachim Kahler 99th Pzgr Regiment 101st Panzer Battalion 911th Assault Gun Brigade 124th Antitank Battalion 124th Engineer Battalion 124th Flak Battalion 124th Artillery Regiment

LXXX Corps
General der Infanterie Franz Beyer

408th Volksartillerie Corps 8th Volkswerfer Brigade 2nd and Lehr Werfer Regiments 212th Volksgrenadier Division Genmaj Franz Sensfuss 316th, 320th, and 423rd VG Regiments 212th Artillery Regiment 212th Antitank Battalion 212th Engineer Battalion 212th Signals Battalion 276th Volksgrenadier Division Gen Kurt Mohring (later Col Hugo Dempwolff) 986th, 987th, and 988th VG Regiments 276th Artillery Regiment 276th Antitank Battalion 276th Engineer Battalion 276th Signals Battalion 340th Volksgrenadier Division Col Theodor Tolsdorff 694th, 695th, and 696th VG Regiments 340th Artillery Regiment 340th Antitank Battalion 340th Engineer Battalion 340th Signals Battalion

General der Infantrerie Baptist Kniess

406th Volksartillerie Corps 18th Volkswerfer Brigade (21st and 22nd Werfer Regiments) 5th Parachute Division Col Ludwig Heilmann 13th, 14th, and 15th Parachute Infantry Regiments 5th Artillery Regiment 5th Recon Battalion 5th Engineer Battalion 5th Flak Battalion 11th Assault Gun Brigade 352nd Volksgrenadier Division Col Erich Schmidt 914th, 915th, and 916th Volksgrenadier Regiments 352nd Artillery Regiment 352nd Antitank Battalion 352nd Engineer Battalion 352nd Signals Battalion 79th Volksgrenadier Division Col Alois Weber 208th, 212th, and 226th Volksgrenadier Regiments 179th Artillery Regiments 179th Antitank Battalion 179th Engineer Battalion 179th Signals Battalion Luftwaffe

II Fighter Corps
Genmaj. Dietrich Peltz

III Flak Corps
Genlt. Wolfgang Pickert

World War 1
Battle of the Bulge

What impact did the battle of the bulge have on world war 1?

None, since the battle of the bulge, also known as the Ardennes offensive took place in 1945, about 3 decades after World War I started.

Jobs & Education
War and Military History
Battle of the Bulge

What are the names of all soldiers in Battle of Bulge?

The list is not going to be posted anywhere on the web. Over 19,000 Americans and over 90,000 Germans were killed. There were over 840,000 Americans engaged in the battle.

History of the United States
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

What caused of the Battle of the Bulge?

The Germans had been fighting on the defense since the Allies landed on Normandy. The Germans wanted to launch an offensive attack that would demoralize the Americans and hopefully convince them to negotiate for peace. At the same time, the attack might push far enough into Belgium to capture a fuel supply dump that the Germans desperately needed. The Germans launched the attack at the weakest part of the Allied line. The US 106th Infantry Division was new to the battlefield and they were placed in the line right where the German thrust was aimed. The 106 Division had come almost directly from the Unite States, without significant retraining in England, and was just beginning to sort itself out in the quiet Ardennes. As a sideline, the Germans launched a small offensive in Italy against the 92nd Infantry Division, in the Serchio Valley on 26 December 1944. This attack was named Operation WINTERGEWITTER and involved only a division-size task force. It caused the break-up of the 92nd Division and complete routing of 1 regiment, resulting in a total of 529 killed, wounded and missing. The Americans were able to recover from the German attack and eventually pushed the "bulge" back to where the front line was before it started. The Germans did not gain anything from the attack except it made the Allies more cautious about the Germans.

World War 2
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

What was the Battle of the Bulge?

The Battle of the Bulge was not a single battle, but a major push (the Ardennes Offensive) by the German army during the last winter of World War II. Facing Allied advances across a wide front, Hitler ordered a concentrated attack to drive toward the Dutch port of Antwerp through the Ardennes Forest. It was the last major German offensive of the war.

In December, 1944 the Germans attacked a weak area of the allied lines. Their intention was to break through, split the American and British armies, and capture Antwerp, Belgium thus cutting off the British from supplies and reinforcements. They hoped to force the evacuation or surrender of the British forces and that that would force America to make peace. They would then have been able to turn all their strength to defending against the Russians. It didn't work though. The allied lines held, although they were pushed back in a broad semicircle, or bulge, in the line, hence the name of the battle.

The main thrust of the offensive was a two-pronged Panzer attack on the weak points of the Allied lines. It is also noted for the German deception of using captured US vehicles and uniforms to infiltrate the American lines.

*(see also the related links below)

Aspects of the Battle of the Bulge

The Battle of The Bulge was a battle fought in Belgium, across the Siegfried Line. It was the battle right after the Americans took the Hürgenwald (Huertgen Forest). The battle is most recognized from two perspectives: the 101st Airborne surrounded in Bastogne, and the 1st Infantry Division pressing the Germans back up through the Bulge. It was a great long series of battles and operations. Some of the more notable would be

- Operation Stösser, where the Germans attempted to drop Fallschrimjäger paratroopers into an area outside of the Allied Lines

- Operation Greif where the Germans were able to send a single man behind Allied Lines and steal a great deal of gold

- The Malmedy Massacre, where 84 American prisoners were executed by the Germans.

The Siege of Bastogne

While in Bastogne, the 101st Airborne became encircled when the Germans hit their lines behind them, and captured a number of American doctors and medics, as well as killing many soldiers. One of the most famous quotes of the war was uttered by acting 101st Division Commander, General Arthur McAuliffe. When the Germans had encircled the Americans, the German commander sent them a letter asking for their honorable surrender, to which McAuliffe replied "NUTS!" This gave the members of the 101st a good laugh. Eventually, General Patton's Third Army charged through and rescued the 101st, even though no member of the division had ever agreed that they needed to be rescued.

World War 2
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

When was the Battle of the Bulge?

Battle of the Bulge Dates

The battle started December 16, 1944 and lasted until January 25, 1945.

There were two Allied army groups being massed up for the invasion of Germany itself and in the middle was the Ardennes forest where new recruits and fatigued veterans went to calm down. In this spot the resistance to an attack would be weak and the Germans through everything they had at it. There goal was to make it to the port of Antwerp and cut off the northern army group and make them surrender. This was Hitlers last strong offensive.

World War 2
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

Where can you locate German World War 2 casualty figures by campaign? has a tabel.On the webadress : It contains a relatively detailed account of German military casualties by year, service and also to some degree by campaign. It is however only the largescale "Theatre" campaigns that are given. F.ex. if you want to get an idea of how many German soldiers were killed-in-action on the eastern front you can get the numbers (not exact, but approximate) on, but if you want to know the casualties in smaller "subcampaigns", f.ex. Stlaingrad campaign or Kursk offensive, within that larger campaign, then you will probably have to dig into specific historical accounts and even then there will be a great variation in the numbers given.
American Revolution
Battle of the Bulge

Which battle came first The Battle of Lexington or The Battle of Concord?

Both battles occurred on April 19, 1775: first the Battle of Lexington (a British victory) and then the Battle of Concord (an American victory). Both battles were mainly caused by the Boston Massacre. Some people think the Americans attacked at Lexington for revenge. The Americans started retreating toward Concord, where they met reinforcements and were able to overpower the British soldiers.

The Battle of Hastings
Battle of the Bulge

Where can you find information about the 141st Gun Bn Europe and the Battle of the Bulge in 1944-45?

Need Clarification ===

First I have to assume you refer to an American unit. Then I assume you refer to the 141st Field Artillery Battalion.

The 141st Field Artillery Battalion served in the following campaigns:

Naples-Foggia(ground- Italy)

Anzio (Italy)

Rome-Arno (Italy)

Southern France

Central Europe

Rhineland (Germany)

In my notes, I show that the 141FA Btn was originally part of the 39th Infantry Division. But some of its units were sent into combat as independent units. It was probably assigned to VI Corps, which also fought in Italy and then landed in Southern France in August 1944.

Try a search for 141st Field Artillery Battalion and detailed reference books on the Battle of the Bulge. I will do more searching, also.

Parenting and Children
Japan in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

What percentage of teenage parents end up in custody battles?

A lot actually. You may not notice it but a lot of the time parents are arguing constantly all around the world about who gets the kid/kids. Now there are more "civilized" parents out there that can keep there anger down or just talk it over. A lot of the time a parent walks out of the kids life/ family's life because of a spous's argument or because they are just being jerks. But just remember that this is not your fault that they are leaving nor that they are fighting. Lexi Cameron

Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge
US Civil War Battles

What city was the Battle of the Bulge fought in?

The Battle of the Bulge was just that---the Germans penetrated through the Allied lines and made a bulge in the lines. So the bulge covered a lot of territory. However, the most noted battle was at Bastogne, Belgium, where the Allies were surrounded for several days. Othe notable cities involved are Foy and Noville The Battle of the Bulge was fought in an area of Belgium known as the Ardenne, and fighting took place in several towns and villages. Not in any one particular city.

Rather than a city, the Battle of the Bulge raged mostly across the Ardennes Forest area on the German/Belgium border. The attack was the last large German offensive movement of WW-II, pushing across a front of some 85 miles.

World War 1
Battle of the Bulge
WW1 Trench Warfare

What was the battle of Passchendaele?

The Battle of Passchendaele is referred to in some texts as the Third Battle of Ypres. It was one of the more significant battles of WWI, and involved British, ANZAC, and Canadian troops against the Germans. The purpose of the battle was to gain control of the village of Passchendaele (now Passendale) near the town of Ypres in West Flanders (now part of Belgium). The line of strategy was to create a vulnerability in the German lines, continue to the Belgian coast and capture the German submarine bases on the coastline. If won, it would have been a defining battle, opening corridor strategically significant area of the front. It also would have have taken some of the pressure off the French defence forces.

The campaign for Passchendaele began on 31 July 1917 and continued through to 6 November 1917, when the Canadian Corps gained control of Passchendaele. The campaign was long, intense and demoralising both physically and mentally, since the preparatory bombing from the British ripped up the countryside which was basically just reclaimed swampland. The countryside was transformed into liquid mud after heavy rains fell from August onwards. It is unknown how many soldiers drowned.

By the time the campaign concluded, the combined allied casualties reached almost a quarter of a million men, with around the same figure lost by the Germans. Up to 95,000 British or Australian men remained unidentified, while another 42,000 bodies were never recovered.

World War 2
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

How many people died in Germany during World War 2?

About 8 million.

Country Pop. Killed/Mising Wounded Total(Military) Civilian (deaths) Germany 78m 3.5 million 4.6 million 8.1 million 2million Italy 44m 330,000 ? 70,000 Japan 72m 1.75 million ? 350,000 Rumania 20m 500,000 300,000 800,000 400,000 Bulgaria 6m 10,000 ? 50,000 Hungary 10m 120,000 250,000 370,000 200,000 Finland 4m 100,000 45,000 145,000 4,000 Country Pop. Killed/Mising Wounded Total(Military) Civilian (deaths)

Source: world war 1 casualties (Google)


History of Europe
The Battle of Hastings
Battle of the Bulge

Why did Harold lose the Battle of Hastings?

Harold had extremely tough soldiers who had just marched 250 miles in 4 days with full gear having just defeated the Vikings at the the battle of Stamford Bridge. They were the fastest marching troops in recorded history. They fought two major battles in a few days.

The battle all came down to which side was the most disciplined. The Saxon army was made up of mainly farmer/warriors who joined up at the request of the king (Harold). A large number of William's forces were full time cavalry troops with the bulk of the army made up from the ranks of the populus, which came from a warrior ancestry (the Vikings). At the battle the Saxons occupied the high ground at Hastings and formed a impenetrable defensive wall, providing the Saxon warriors did not leave the line. The Norman cavalry tried time and time again to break through but failed. It looked like the Saxons had won but a section in the line spotted William, who was in amongst his cavalry trying to raise morale. This section of the Saxon line went chasing after him (this is where discipline comes in) leaving a vulnerable opening in the Saxon line which the Normans exploited and broke down the Saxon army.

this is right

US Civil War
World War 1
War and Military History
Battle of the Bulge

What was the significance of the battle of verdun?

it was the cause of the battle of the somme which was the bloodiest first day in British history, the battle of verdun was going badly for the allies so Haig decided to divert the Gemans and releive the pressure on verdun, which it did but created lot of casulaties on the first day, the worst in history

The battle of Verdun was simply a German derived strategy to bleed the French army dry. Attrition, attrition, attrition. The German leadership knew that the French would never break at Verdun so more and more troops were fed into the meat grinder. Of course German losses were horrendous too.

History of England
The Battle of Hastings
Battle of the Bulge

How does the leadership of William compare with that of Harold at the Battle of Hastings?

William was the better leader. He was good at persuading his villagers to fight. Whereas on the other hand Harold wasnt as good.

World War 2
Germany in WW2
Battle of the Bulge

What happened after the battle of the bulge for the Germans?

they fell back to Germany to defend Berlin


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