Yes. Most Civil War soldiers were burried in mass graves. These mass graves were simply hastily dug trenches, maybe 4-5 feet deep at the maximum. The dead were then cast into these trenches and covered with soil. Mass graves were typically left unmarked, or if they were marked, very little information was left, basically leaving the dead soldiers as 'anonymous'.
Some soldiers had the priveledge of being given a proper burial, but they were in the minority. After a major battle resulting in thousands of deaths, the main objective was not to mark who exactly had died, but to simply dispose of the bodies and move on.
Nothing much in the Eastern theatre - both armies had taken a terrible battering.
Attention was focused on the Tennessee/Georgia mountains, where Braxton Bragg won his big victory at Chickamauga and appeared to be in a strong position to starve the besieged Union troops in Chattanooga. Grant managed to save that situation, and was on course to become General-in-Chief.
In May of 1864, major events began to transpire, but before that both sides were mostly recovering from Gettysburg.
I should know,I live there on weekends
yeah ive lived in Gettysburg most my life. it is pretty
More importantly, the Gettysburg of today has been carefully preserved as a historical monument - the U.S. Park Service is continually making restoration efforts with the aid of a thriving historical community. As much as reasonably possible, the current-day Gettysburg and surrounding national park look like it was in 1864. That is, you can stand on the vast majority of the battlefield, and see an almost exact view as someone standing there in 1864 would have. They've re-done all the vegetation to match how it was. They've put back all the old fences and many of the old structures. They've prevented any modern buildings or changes to the scene.
Naturally, it's not 100% accurate, as people still live and work in the area. But, I'd say that the current Gettysburg National Military Park is at least 90% identical to the way it was when the battle was fought. It's a fantastic achievement, and one that greatly aids in the understanding of what went on, and why things happened. It's also almost unique in the world as far as the level of preservation goes.
Facts about the Gettysburg battle:
(see related link)
the Confederates (south)
No one surrendered at Gettysburg. Lee retreated. He did not surrender until twenty-one months later at Appomattox.
Admiral David Glasgow Farragut (1801-1870), the first senior officer of the U.S. Navy at the time of the American Civil War. Aboard Hartford, Farragut entered Mobile Bay, Alabama, 5 August 1864, in two columns, with armored monitors leading and a fleet of wooden ships following. When the lead monitor Tecumseh was demolished by a mine, the wooden ship Brooklyn stopped, and the line drifted in confusion toward Fort Morgan. As disaster seemed imminent, Farragut gave the orders embodied by these famous words. He swung his own ship clear and headed across the mines, which failed to explode. The fleet followed and anchored above the forts, which, now isolated, surrendered one by one. The torpedoes to which Farragut and his contemporaries referred would today be described as tethered mines.
I'm going to have to make the assumption that you're referring to Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, the only American with the last name Chamberlain famous enough to be recognized by his last name alone.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain served in the Union Arm from 1862-1865, entering the army as the Executive Officer of the 20th Maine Infantry Regiment at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel (although originally offered the position of Commanding Officer at the rank of full Colonel, which he refused) he eventually advanced to Division Commander, 1st Division, V Corps at the permanent Army rank of Brigadier General, and the rank of brevet Major General of Volunteers.
Chamberlain's defense of the the Union Army's extreme left on the second day at Gettysburg (a defense for which he was ordered to hold to the last man), which concluded with his ordering a bayonet charge when his men ran out of ammunition, is thought by some historian's to have been the most crucial action of the second day at Gettysburg, saving the entire Union Army from being flanked. For this action, he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.
Chamberlain is equally famous for being the Union officer who formally received the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Courthouse. As the Confederate Army paraded in to surrender, he is the officer who ordered "carry arms," saluting the Confederates as they surrendered.
Affectionate and respectful to the end of Lee's life.
It was other Confederates who blamed Longstreet for the defeat at Gettysburg, not Lee himself.
Robert E. Lee
Lincoln said that the dead soldiers had consecrated the ground and his mere words could do nothing to hallow it any more.
The Battle of Gettysburg did not end slavery. The Union forces defeated the Confederates who were forced to retire southward to Virginia. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia was badly damaged and would never again be strong enough to initiate an offensive on Northern soil which in itself may have shortened the war. It can be said however, the battle did further advance the idea of the abolition of slavery.
The Battle of Antietam has a better claim to the title of the battle that ended slavery. It did not end slavery either, but it was shortly after this battle that Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which was intended to free slaves.
Truly both battles, indeed every battle contributed to the end of slavery but it would not be until 1865 with ratification of the 13th amendment that slavery would finally end.
The Army of the Potomac was fond of saying "On to Richmond!".
ABC's Of The American Revolution...
A is for Adams. Two leaders of the rebels were John Adams and his cousin Sam. John was at the First and the Second Continental Congress and voted for independence from England. He later served as Vice President and President of the U.S. Sam organized the Boston Tea Party and was in Lexington when the first battle of the war took place. He also was at the Continental Congresses.
B is for the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Tea Party happened when the British raised taxes for the colonists. Men from Boston dressed up like Indians. They went on the ships and threw chests of tea into the harbor.
C is for the colonies. In 1776 the 13 colonies fought for independence from Great Britain. In 1777 the British army tried to split the colonies into two sections so they could defeat them. It didn't work.
D is for the Declaration of Independence. It was on July 4, 1776, that the colonies declared themselves independent of Great Britain. The rough draft of the Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson.
E is for England. England had many bills because of wars with France. The colonists became unhappy with the British when Parliament passed new laws taxing the Americans to pay for the French and Indian War.
F is for flag. American troops carried many flags into battle. The Cowpens flag was carried by the Third Maryland Regiment into battle in Cowpens, South Carolina.
G is for the Great Lakes. During the war the British controlled forts on the Great Lakes. George Rogers Clark took colonial troops and pushed the British out of the Great lakes. This gave the colonies control of the land west of the mountains.
H is for Alexander Hamilton. Washington chose Alexander Hamilton of New York as Secretary of the Treasury. Alexander Hamilton would be in charge of handling the nation's money. He had a plan to pay off the debts the Americans had after the War for Independence.
I is for the Intolerable Acts. These acts were meant to punish the people of Boston for the Boston Tea Party. The British closed the port of Boston, took away Massachusetts self-government, and forced Massachusetts' colonists to house and feed British troops who were sent to keep the colonists under control. The colonists sent letters to other colonies about the events in Boston.
J is for Thomas Jefferson. He was one of our most famous presidents. Washington chose Jefferson for Secretary of State. Thomas Jefferson was a member of a lot of committees including the committee that wrote the Declaration of Independence.
K is for Knox. Henry Knox lead 42 sleds pulled by oxen from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston where George Washington was waiting. The sleds carried 50 pieces of artillery for General Washington.
L is for Loyalist. Loyalists were people who were still loyal to the English King, George III. One third of the colonists were loyalists. After the war many Loyalists emigrated to Canada or returned to England.
M is for Marion. Francis Marion was known as the Swamp Fox. He attacked the British and ran back to his swamp to hide.
N is for naval warfare. The most famous naval battle in the war against the British was between John Paul Jones's ship. the Bonhomme Richard, and the British ship, Serapis. Jones refused to surrender even when his ship was sinking. He said, "I have not yet begun to fight!" He finally won.
O is for Old Sturbridge Village. Old Sturbridge Village is a museum that shows how people in the colonies lived. You see people sawing wood, riding horses, and just walking around the town.
P is for John Parker. John Parker was a captain of the Minutemen of Massachusetts. Farmers wanted to fight for the Minutemen. The Minutemen fired at the British as they marched on Concord and Lexington during the Revolutionary War.
Q us for queue. A queue is a braid or pigtail. Men wore them in the American Revolution. They are worn with a ribbon.
R is for Paul Revere. Paul Revere was a silversmith from Boston who rode to Concord and Lexington to warn the colonists that the British were coming. He was captured and then released by the British. He then warned Sam Adams to leave town.
S is for Salem. Peter Salem was a black soldier who fought at Bunker Hill for the Americans. He was a freed slave who was given credit for killing a British leader.
T is for the Battle of Trenton. George Washington and the colonial troops crossed the Delaware River on Christmas Eve. They surprised the British troops and the Hessian soldiers who fought for the British.
U is for the United States of America. The Declaration of Independence broke all ties with Great Britain. The United States of America was born on July 4, 1776.
V is for Valley Forge. Washington's army spent the winter here. British troops were warm and well-fed in Philadelphia while the Americans lived in tents in the cold. Many of the American soldiers got sick.
W is for George Washington. George Washington is famous because he was head of the colonial army and he was the first president ever. Most people think George Washington is the greatest president we've had.
X is for Xavier Cathedral. Xavier Cathedral is a place where people who fought in the war were buried.
Y is for Yorktown. Yorktown is where the British surrendered because Washington surrounded the British army. The British troops were outnumbered by the Americans.
Z is for Peter Zenger. Peter Zenger brought up the idea of freedom of the press. On November 1734, on a Sunday, Peter was arrested for his actions. He was later found innocent.
As president Abraham Lincoln has stated "Vicksburg is the key. The war can never be brought to a close until the key is in our pocket," and now that the key is ours, we are closer to winning the war than ever.
If you truly believe you have an authentic signed copy of the Gettysburg Address you should probably contact the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, DC.
The Gettysburg Address was delivered on November 19, 1863. The surrender of Robert E. Lee and his army which for all intents and purposes ended the US Civil War, occurred April 9 1865. That gives us One year, four months, twenty one days around about.
No! You should contact the credit bureaus immediately by mailing letters "by registered mail" if anything appears on your credit report when you were under 18.
Much bigger population from which to recruit armies.
Robert E Lee was a famed general of the Confederacy. If Lee had not led the south, then the war would have been over before it even started.
First of all it ended slavery in the south and from it spreading to the territories in the west. It re-united the United States of America.
Battle of Gettysburg: This was as a major battle and it was the Civil War's turning point but it was bloody. General Robert Lee and his army marched to Gettysburg and ran into Union cavalry. Then he ran 25k men there and the Union has less than 20k. Then when General Meade arrivedm, he had 10,000 men with him. Lee thought his army was strong and could defeat the Union's soldiers but he lost and the Union won. During this battle there were many casualties - Lee lost 28,000 out of 75,000 and Meade lost 23,000 out of 88,000.
Battle of Vicksburg: This was also a major battle in the Civil War and it was also a Union victory. The Confederates were defending Vicksburg and they had their only stronghold there. They used the Mississippi River for food and supplies. General Ulysses Grant wanted to gain control of Vicksburg and the Mississippi River. General John Pemberton was running out of food and supplies for his army so he had to surrender. Because Grant gained control of the Mississippi River, the South split into two.
i think you want to wear it
No battles were fought in Key West during the Civil War. It was occupied while under construction as the war began by Union troops. Since it was so impregnable, it remained in Union hands throughout the war despite being hundreds of miles behind "enemy" lines. Fort Zachary Taylor in Key West was exceedingly critical in the war due to it being the linchpin between the Gulf and the Atlantic Blockade Squadrons. Over 600 southern blockade runners were captured by the Union blockade patrols and sold at auction at Key West. The success of the blockade clearly cut the length of the war possibly by two years as the South ran out of the means to fight.
For large celestial bodies, roundness is a product of gravity.
When the leftover elements from the sun's creation scattered throughout what is now our solar system, individual particles started attracting each other together with gravity. As more and more particles gathered, they compressed themselves into a shape which allowed them to occupy as small of a space as possible. (due to gravity) In essence, a sphere. Another way of saying this is that the earth's mass reached a point (as it was growing) that its internal gravitational forces overcame any other rigid forces that might have kept the earth in a non-spherical shape.
English is one of the most flexible languages on earth, and its position as an international language is strong evidence of that. Because of this flexibility (English is no longer inflected, as it was in centuries past) and the ease with which it takes on words and meanings from other languages, English changes and grows as does any other living thing. Of course, our tendency is to think of England as the birthplace of our language, and indeed it is. But there really is no such thing as "Proper" English, especially in the sense of pronunciation. There is "standard" English, and even then we would have to say that there are "standard Englishes", and not just one. The truth is that even Elizabeth II herself has changed her accent over the years, as evidenced by the many clips and newsreels we can study over the course of her reign. British English is standard English, and US English is a standard English as well. And "proper" English is pronounced the way any group of local speakers pronounces it. When in situations where you must communicate with others from different parts of the US or the world, there are conventional vocabularies and structures that can guide you in the use of "standard English" that should be to everyone's satisfaction. Some theorists consider English to be a "creole language", or "creolized language" based on Danish (arguably the 'mother' of English) and other languages like French, German, Latin, and Frisian. I like this idea. It highlights the perfectly lively nature of our language. English does change, as it naturally will, and there is now a recognized language, Gullah, based on English, and which is native to North America (South Carolina-- see link). There are no "bastardized" accents among people who speak a common language. There are many Englishes. We have a general understanding of what is meant by "Old English" when we hear that term, but it can mean much more than early forms of English in a bygone era. We can contrast several contemporary 'Old Englishes' with as many 'New Englishes' being spoken all over the globe. Basically, If you speak an English that was passed down to you by your caregivers who also spoke English as their native tongue, you speak 'Old English'... even if you are a hearty twenty five. People who are speaking English as a second language, or who can trace their English-learning histories back to people who learned English as a second language, are speaking 'New English'. I can only express a truth here, which I believe is all but universal, even if it keenly embarrasses me to do so. From time to time I weaken, and these concepts of proper, old and new Englishes anger me a little, and threaten me. But when I realize that I am but a moment in the very long life of our brilliant, puissant tongue, I conclude: "Isn't it just like this Titan English to stretch and rise beyond anyone's attempts to hold it back?"
When Motorola released its Droid cell phone it had to get permission from which Hollywood director?
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