How does Gregor Mendel's work affect us today?
Gregor Mendel is said to be the father of genetics. If it wasn't for him, we wouldn't know much about genetics, as he discovered the core knowledge, such as the hetrozygous and homozygous concept in breeding.
By discovering the laws of inheritance, tracking and categorizing genes as dominant or recessive based on his pea plant studies, Gregor Mendel opened the door to the discovery of DNA and todayâ??s Genome research. Not appreciated in his own time, it was not until after the start of the 20th century that the importance of his work was understood.
I don't know exactly for how long did he study pea plants but I do know that his work is of immense value in the field of genetics. Gregor Mendel was the first person to introduce the concept of alleles in genes and their affect on offspring's genotype or phenotype. Modern day genetics still and will continue to use Gregor Mendel's work to understand concepts of genetics.
Mendel kept results of all the work he did and analysed his results. In 1866, Mendel was 44 years old, and published his findings. However, Mendel was ahead of time and nobody knew about chromosomes or genes and were left confused. He died 20 years later with all ideas ignored. 16 years after his death his work was finally recognised (1900).
Mendel derived certain basic laws of heredity. Hereditary factors do not combine, but are passed intact. Each member of the parental generation transmits only half of its hereditary factors to each offspring. Different offspring of the same parents receive different sets of traits. Mendel's work became the foundation for modern genetics.