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How does gravity work?

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01/14/2016

How Gravity Works

Unfortunately, science is missing some critical pieces of the puzzle that would enable us to answer your exact question in a scientifically complete way. Here are some points about gravity that help in describing how it works, as we currently understand the gravitational force:

The most noticeable effect of gravity (or a gravitational pull/field) is a natural tendency for objects with mass to attract one another. All objects have a gravitational pull; however, on Earth it is to actually pull objects downward. This force keeps us residents of earth on the ground. This approach to describing gravity was begun by Isaac Newton nearly 400 years ago, and while it allows us to fly airplanes and spacecraft, it is descriptive and doesn't offer a theory of how gravity actually works.

Nobody totally understands exactly how gravitation works, but we know what many of its effects are. We know that gravitation is some kind of interaction between mass, energy and the Universal fabric that we call "Spacetime", and that it acts between objects large and small throughout the Universe.

(1) Gravitation is a relatively weak force, and is usually only noticed when one is dealing with huge masses in excess of trillions of kilograms. This force keeps our air from drifting away from the Earth into outer space, but it doesn't pull you off your feet when you walk near a huge building or even a mountain.

(2) Somehow mass has the ability to alter the shape of nearby Spacetime. An object with as much mass as the Earth creates a sort of "hole" or "well" in Spacetime; you don't float away into outer space because you are trapped in the Earth's Spacetime "well". It takes a lot of energy to climb out of the Earth's "well"; we presently do it by using rockets that burn vast amounts of fuel to push their way up against the Force of Gravitation.

(3) Every object theoretically has its own Spacetime "well" into which other objects can fall; but, it's usually only significant when one is dealing with really large masses.

(4) Sometimes objects don't fall into a "well", but instead wind up orbiting around the "wall" of the "well"; for example, a moon or a ring of moonlets orbit around the "well" of a planet, or a planet orbits around the "well" of a star. The orbiting object is actually traveling in a straight line, but the shape of Spacetime has been bent so that the straight line looks like a circle or ellipse to us. This requires some sophisticated understanding of geometry to visualize and accept.

Demonstration:

You might begin to grasp the concept by performing the following activity. Take a long narrow piece of paper a few centimeters wide and about a meter long; label the 2 furthest ends of the paper A and B. Lay the paper flat and draw a straight line on one side from A to B. Now curve the piece of paper, and tape ends A and B together. Geometrically, your straight line is still a straight line on the paper, but now your straight line looks like a circle because its paper has taken the shape of a circle. This may demonstrate what the subject of Spacetime "bending" is about.

(5) The paths of energy waves (such as beams of light) also appear to change shape as they pass through gravitational "holes" or "wells." Some "wells" are so powerful that they can trap light and never let it out again; we call these irresistible gravitational traps "black holes".

(6) In the Standard Model (a theory of physics that describes subatomic particles and how they interact) gravity is mediated by the exchange of gauge particles. These hypothetical particles are called gravitons. (We do know a bit more about gravitons than the name. For instance, gravitons must have no mass, no electrical charge, they must travel at the speed of light, and they must have a spin number of 2.)

(7) Our biggest problem with trying to understand what gravitation is and how it works is that our understanding of the Spacetime behavior of gravitation (discovered about 100 years ago by Albert Einstein) doesn't appear to have any recognizable connection with our understanding of the behavior of subatomic particles. The branch of physics that studies subatomic particles is called Quantum Mechanics. We need a better theory of gravitation, or a better theory of quantum mechanics; or perhaps there is an as-yet-undiscovered "grand unified theory" or "theory of everything" that will supply the missing puzzle pieces.

(8) Theoretically, gravity is a byproduct of the electrostatic forces of atoms in random motion relative to each other. All mass gives off electromagnetic radiation, all mass is made up of charges, and all charges obey the law of superpositioning. Sometimes atoms attract and sometimes they repel relative to each other, but overall they attract due to the Inverse Square Law, i.e. when they do attract they move further, but the total difference is to an incredibly smaller power. Another form of gravity is inertial; this type of artificial gravity is felt when you turn a corner and feel G-forces. This may be due to electrostatic resistance (perhaps in the aether).

There is also anti-gravity, the opposite and equal reaction that expands the Universe at an accelerated rate.

Answer2:

Gravity works by creating a velocity field around matter, such that v2 = GM/r. This velocity field works on matter in that field creating an Energy

W = -mGM/r + cmV = -mv2 + cmV = -vh/r + cP.

The energy consists of a scalar or potential energy -mGM/r = -mv2 = -vh/r defined by Newton, but Newton and Einstein did not consider the other part of the Gravitational energy, created by the velocity field cmV = cP. This is a vector energy, The vector field operatted on the mass m to produce a vector Momentum P=mV and also the vector energy the Momentum energy, cP. Thus the Law off Gravity operates to create a Quaternion Energy, the sum of a scalar and 3D vectors, W = -vh/r + cP = [-vh/r, cP].

Physics defines energy as a scalar quantity and does not recognize vector energy like cP,

Newton knew about Mpmentum and had a sense of vectors, and used the vector energy in his vector Force dP/dt which I recognized as dcP/dr = cdP/cdt = dP/dt.

The vector energy is the so-called "Dark Energy" and is responsible for the so-called anti-gravity force. The Divergence of the vector energy cP is Del.cP= -cDel.P= -cp/r cos(P). This the centrifugal force opposing the centripetal force of gravity mv2/r = vp/r. These two forces produce the theoretical defined redshift as the Continuity Condition:

d(-vh/r)/dr = cDel.P

vp/r = cp/r cos(P)

v/c = cos(P) is the redshift the designator of Continutity Condition and the balance of forces and the stable orbit. The Vector energy cP prevents the earth from falling into the, prevents the electrons from falling into the nucleus and the Cosmos from collapsing. The vector energy, created by the gravitational field is the missing energy, hidden in plain sight.

To sum up, Gravitational Energy is a Quaternion quantity, W = -vh/r + cP = [-vh/t, cP].

The first derivative of the energy is force F = [d/dr, Del] [-vh/r, cP]

Force F = [vp/r -cDel.P, cdP/dr - Del vh/r + cDelxP]

F = [vp/r - cp/r cos(P), -cp/r 1P + vp/r 1R + cp/r sin(P) 1RxP]

At the Equilibrium Condition or Invariant Condition F=0 and

0 = cp/r[v/c - 1, -1R + v/c 1R] and the Equilibrium Condition is

0 = (v/c -1)[1,1R] amd v/c =1 and v=c at Equilibrium Condition.

This indicates the Cosmos has a stable Condition and is Bounded.

c2 = GM/r is the Boundary Condition and the force is

F0= c4/G = 1.215E44 Newtons

This is How Gravity Works,

Gravity creates a velocity field with mass M and this field acts on

matter m to create a Quaternion Energy W= -vh/r + cP. The scalar enrgy is a Boson and

the vector energy is a Fernion.