The Na+ will have a larger size (atomic radius) while Mg2+ will have relatively smaller size. Both elements have lost their valence (outermost) electrons and achieve a stable octet state as ions. what makes a difference is the effective nuclear charge. because Mg has a higher nuclear charge, the valence electrons are pulled more towards the nucleus thereby reducing the atomic radius.
The sodium ion will be larger. Because magnesium has one more proton than sodium, its nuclei pull harder on the electrons, reducing the ion's radius. This means that the magnesium ion is smaller.
A magnesium ion will be smaller because there will be a greater Zeff on the electrons in the magnesium ion due to a greater number of protons in the nucleus.
Compare the reactions with water of the elements sodium and magnesium
The Sodium atom with be positively charged [it will have a single positive charge]
Electrolytes with a positive charge include sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium
This is due to the difference between the two elements regarding their valence electrons as neutral elements. Sodium has a single electron in its valence shell, which it gives up to have a stable octet; by giving up one electron, sodium acquires a 1+ charge. Magnesium has two electrons in its valence shell that it will give up to have a stable octet; by giving up two electrons, magnesium acquires a 2+ charge.
Sodium has a charge of +1 in its ionized form while magnesium has a charge of +2 in its ionized form. This is due to the number of protons and electrons in each element. Having a different charge alters the types of reactions and products involved with that element.
Magnesium chloride(MgCl2 ) is a salt of magnesium. Sodium chloride(NaCl) is a salt of sodium.
The sodium ion has a 1+ charge and the chloride ion has a 1- charge. By comparison the magnesium ion has a 2+ charge and the oxide ion a 2- charge. Because the charge difference is greater in magnesium oxide, the forces of attraction between the ions are greater. This makes the ions harder to move from their positions which is what happens when a substance melts. Additionally, the magnesium ion is smaller than the sodium ion and the oxide ion smaller than the chloride ion. This increases the density of the charges and makes forces of attraction even stronger.
A salt is a ionic compound that is composed of a cation (positively-charge ion) and an anion (negatively-charged ion). Examples are sodium chloride, magnesium sulphate, calcium chloride, sodium hyochlorite, sodium nitrate, mercury sulphide, sodium chromate and magnesium dioxide.
Mixture of sodium carbonate and magnesium
Sodium is more reactive than magnesium.
Sodium has a single positive charge (+), whilst phosphate ions have a 3- charge. To balance out the charges, three sodium ions are needed, so the formula will be Na3PO4.
Sodium and magnesium form positive ions because they lose electrons in order to have a filled valence shell, like a noble gas. A sodium atom loses one electron so that its ion has a 1+ charge and the noble gas configuration of neon. A magnesium atom loses two electrons so that its ion has a charge of 2+ and the noble gas configuration of neon.
Atoms bond with each other to form a molecule. When a molecule has an overall charge, they can act as a single unit to bond with another ion. Examples are sodium 'carbonate' and magnesium 'sulfate'.
A crystal of salt consists of electrons and positive ions. How does the net charge of the electrons compare with the net charge of the ions
MgCI+ NaC ------> MgC + NaCI Magnesium chloride + Sodium carbinate ------> Magnesium carbonate + Sodium chloride.
Due to one unit more nuclear charge and two binding electrons for Magnesium atom.
nothing because magnesium is not as reactive as sodium
Magnesium carbonate and sodium sulphate.
Sodium: Group 1 Magnesium: Group 2
sodium is more reactive than magnesium!
Magnesium doesn't react with sodium chloride.
Magnesium will reduce sodium hydroxide to sodium 2Mg + 2NaOH --> 2MgO + 2Na + H2