How does the structure of tRNA relate to its function in translation?
The function of tRNA includes the transfer of amino acids to ribosome, matching the anticodon with an amino acid, and forming hydrogen bonds between anticodons and mRNA codons. Because the amino acid and anticodons are at the ends of the RNA it will be able to match together, its small size allows it to transfer amino acids to the ribosome, and since the anticodon is at the end of the tRNA it will be able to form hydrogen bonds with mRNA codons.
In eukaryotes, tRNA is synthesized in the nucleus. The genome contains tRNA genes in the DNA that are transcribed into pre-tRNA molecules by RNA polymerase III. Further processing within the nucleus produces mature tRNA molecules which then enter the cytoplasm in order to carry out their function of translation.