How is sociology and anthropology related to occupational therapy?

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All the three disciplines are concerned with what people do in their lives on a daily basis.

Sociology is concerned with how societies and communities are organized in a particular system that everyone participated regardless of who they are or where they come from. In addition, this particular systemic organization would hold a certain status which may build or break barriers to participate in the societal activities e.g. employment; recreation; intimacy; etc.

Anthropolgy is necessarily concerned with the rituals and habits individuals and groups engage in. These practices may be historic, current or hold future value e.g. learning in school; getting married and having children; being an athlete or a professional; etc.

Occupational Therapy on the other hand simply relates to what people do on the daily basis which makes them happy or put other way - pleasurable engagement. Therapy presume satisfaction, occupation is engagement or participation in any activity of daily living i.e. proactivity (e.g. sef care, grooming, home chores, etc.), productivity (e.g. school, work, volunteering, etc.) and creative (e.g. leisure, recreation, sport, spiritual participant, etc).

The juncture of all three is about the understanding of human nature as an active existence. In other words, human beings are occupational beings, the do not live by sitting around and doing nothing, they always have the need or urge to do something. Sociology provide the understanding of how social activities are governed and anthropology how these are cultural significant, while occupational therapy addresses the funcational aspect of it - the actual ability to execute these activities.

Contributor (Modise Mogotsi, Occupational Therapist; South Africa)
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