Urine is made of Urea which is poisonous if you drink it. Urine is mostly water (about 95% water), however, the rest of the contents of urine can vary depending of what you've eaten, drank, breathed or been exposed to. The remainder of urine usually consists of urea, uric acid, ammonia, hormones, dead blood cells, proteins, salts and minerals, and toxins.
The urine output is measured to assess the kidneys status. It is also measured to know the ratio of fluid intake and fluid lost in urine. The method to measure is simple. The urine is made in a measuring bag and when it gets filled up, discarded and another bag is attached. The person can be catheterized or if fit he/she can make urine directly in measuring utensil.
It is a "classic" test to determine if someone is pregnant or not. It is done by injecting subcutaneously the woman's urine to the frog, and after few hours, checking the frog's own urine. If the forg's urine contain sperms, the woman is pregnant. It is because the pregnant woman's urine contain hCG, a hormone that is made by placenta.
Alcohol actually affects the brain which in turn, affects urine production. ADH (anti-diuretic hormone)is a hormone produced in the hypothalamus and excreted by the pituitary gland. This hormone makes the kidney absorb the water in the bloodstream. When a person drinks alcohol, the excretion of ADH hormone is decreased. Therefore, the kidney does not absorb the water as it should. Then more urine is made. When more urine is made, it is less dense. Because…