In Illinois, if you are charged with murder, you are first processed into the county jail. You then face a judge within 72 hours and bail will be set, unless, of course, no bail is set - which happens alot with murder charges. During that appearance, the inmate is set more court dates and is held in the local county or city jail. Inmates charged with murder will be housed in the county jail that the crime was committed in until a sentence is handed down. In Illinois, the time in county jail for a murder charge ranges from 9 months to 2-1/2 years. After the sentence is handed down by a circuit court judge, it then takes the Illinois Department of Corrections about 5-10 days to pick the inmate up from the jail and transport him to a maximum security prison, where he will first go through Reception and Classification, and then will be assigned a prison that fits his security needs.