How many US Supreme Court justices owned slaves?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

Slavery was abolished in 1863. At the time, seven of the nine justices were at one time slave owners. In the history of the supreme court up to that time, an estimated 27 judges were believed to have owned slaves. Keep in mind that this information is debatable; it is only an estimate.
4 people found this useful

How many justices are on the US Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) has nine justices:one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. The Judiciary Act of 1789 provided for a 6-member Court, with aChief Justice and 5 Associate Justices. Congress adjusted the sizeof the Court a number of times through the during the 19 ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices does the Constitution require?

The US Constitution does not require any specific number of justices at all. The US Constitution creates the Supreme Court but leaves it to the Congress to determine how many will be on the Court. Since adoption of the Constitution, Congress has passed numerous laws changing the number of justices ( Full Answer )

How many Associate Justices are on the US Supreme Court?

Eight . 28 USC § 1, enacted by Congress, states: "The Supreme Court of the United States shall consist of a Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices, any six of whom shall constitute a quorum."

How was the US Supreme Court created and how many Justices served on it?

The US Constitution , adopted on September 17, 1787, and ratified by the states on June 21, 1788, established a framework for the institution and construction of the United States government. The original document consists of a Preamble and seven Articles that describe the form of the working govern ( Full Answer )

How many minorities have been US Supreme Court justices?

Well, before anyone can answer that, we need to know "How are you defining 'minorities'?" Women ? (who technically aren't a minority) Blacks? Hispanics? But how about "Jewish"? They're a minority. As are Catholics. And "Italian-American". For that matter, I'm pretty sure every one of them has had a ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court Justices were there in 1930?

The US Supreme Court has comprised nine members since Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1869. Chief Justice in 1930 Charles Evans Hughes Associate Justices Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Willis Van DeVanter James C. McReynolds Louis Brandeis George Sutherland Pierce Butler ( Full Answer )

What do US Supreme Court Justices do?

The Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court interpret the law. When we say "the Court" (meaning the U.S. Supreme Court), we mean the Justices of the Supreme Court. The Court (the Justices) decide "sticking points" in law and hand down a "final" decision on the matter. In general, the U.S. Supreme Cour ( Full Answer )

How many Justices were on the US Supreme Court in 1789 and who were they?

Answer Six or zero, depending on your perspective. Six justices (one Chief Justice and five Associate Justices) were appointed in September 1789, but the Supreme Court didn't convene for the first time until 1790. The Supreme Court had been created on paper in 1789, but did not exist as an ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices were there in 1787?

Zero. The United States Constitution was created in 1787, but not ratified until 1788. Although Article III of the Constitution mandated a Supreme Court, the document, itself, did not create one; this was left to Congress. The first legislation of the new US Congress was the Judiciary Act of 1789 ( Full Answer )

How many justices were on the first US Supreme Court?

Congress set the size of the original Supreme Court at six in the Judiciary Act of 1789. The legislationprovided for one Chief Justice and five Associate Justices. The original Justices were: Chief Justice: John Jay, New York Associate Justices: John Rutledge, South Carolina William Cushing ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court Justices have been from Minnesota?

Three US Supreme Court justices were Minnesotans: Pierce Butler................................1923-1939..........Harding Warren Burger (Chief Justice)........1969-1986..........Nixon Harry Blackmun...........................1970-1994..........Nixon

How many US Supreme Court justices retired?

According to court records, 35 of the 111 US Supreme Court retired. All retirements occurred after 1869, when Congress granted full retirement pay and benefits for Supreme Court justices age 70 or older with ten or more years in the federal judiciary. Prior to the Judiciary Act of 1869 , most jus ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices are Jewish?

As of May 2011, there are three Jewish justices on the US Supreme Court. President Clinton appointed Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1993) and Stephen Breyer (1994); President Obama appointed Justice Elena Kagan (2010).

How many Associate Justices were on the US Supreme Court in 1989?

Congress last changed the size of the US Supreme Court in the Judiciary Act of 1869, setting the number at nine. There have been nine justices on the bench ever since, not counting brief periods when there were unfilled vacancies.

How many current US Supreme Court justices are Catholic?

As of September 2009, six of the nine US Supreme Court justices are Catholic. Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr..................................Roman Catholic Justice Antonin Scalia................................................Roman Catholic Justice Anthony Kennedy............................... ( Full Answer )

What is a US Supreme Court justice?

The US Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the United States for cases involving federal law and constitutional issues. It is also considered the head of the Judicial branch of government. The function of a "Justice" is similar to that of a judge, but the term justice is used on most ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices did Nixon appoint?

President Richard M. Nixon appointed four US Supreme Court justices during his time in office. President Reagan later elevated Justice William H. Rehnquist to Chief Justice Warren E. Burger...........1969 - 1986 (Chief Justice) Harry Blackmun............1970 - 1994 Lewis F. Powell, Jr...... ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices voted to set Sengbe Pieh and the other slaves free in the Amistad case?

United States v. Libellants and Claimants of the Schooner Amistad, 40 US 518 (1841) Seven of the eight seated justices voted the slaves held captive aboard La Amistad were actually freemen, and had them transferred to the custody of the President and returned to their homeland. Justice Henry ( Full Answer )

How many Chief Justices are on the US Supreme Court?

There is only one Chief Justice at any point in time; the other eight serving with him or her are called Associate Justices. There have been 17 Chief Justices (whether William Cushing held the position or not is a matter of debate; he would be the third in line, making the total 18). Note Cus ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices have been from Alabama?

There have been four US Supreme Court justices from Alabama, but the one best remembered is probably Justice Hugo Black , who served on the Court from 1937-1971. . John McKinley....................1838-1852........Van Buren . John Archibald Campbell......1853-1861........Pierce . William Bur ( Full Answer )

How many justices were on the US Supreme Court in 1803?

There were six justices on the US Supreme Court in 1803, the year Marbury v. Madison was decided. Chief Justice John Marshall Associate Justices William Cushing William Paterson Samuel Chase Bushrod Washington Alfred Moore

How many US Supreme Court justices were from New Jersey?

There have been five US Supreme Court justices from New Jersey; one, Samuel Alito, is an incumbent on the bench. William Paterson....................1793-1806 Joseph P. Bradley...................1870-1892 Mahlon Pitney........................1912-1922 William Brennan, Jr................1956 ( Full Answer )

How many justices served on the first US Supreme Court?

Answer Six justices (one Chief Justice and five Associate Justices) were appointed in September 1789, and convened for the first time at the Royal Exchange Building in New York City on February 2, 1790. Explanation The first bill enacted in the U.S. Congress was the Judiciary Act of 1789, ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices have died on the bench?

Forty-nine justices died in office. If you mean how many US Supreme Court justices have died in open court, only one . Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone suffered a cerebral hemorrhage on April 22, 1946, while reading aloud from his dissenting opinion on Girouard v. United States, 328 U.S. 61 (1946 ( Full Answer )

Why are there justices on the US Supreme Court?

"Justice" is just a high-falutin' term for "judge." In the early days of the Court, there was a desire to establish the significance of the federal judiciary. And let's face it, at that point in time, there were oodles of judges in small courts in the plentiful counties among the states.

How many US Supreme Court justices are Republican?

Five of the eight seated justices (there is currently one vacancy on the bench) were nominated by Republican Presidents and served in government during Republican administrations prior to appointment. It is probably reasonable to infer all five are Republicans.

How many justices were on the US Supreme Court in 1789?

As of September 26, 1789, when Congress confirmed President Washington's first Supreme Court nominees, there were six justices . One justice declined the nomination, so the sixth seat remained vacant (leaving only five justices ) until James Iredell was appointed in 1790. The Judiciary Act of 1 ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices were from Virginia?

Six US Supreme Court justices were natives of Virginia: . John Blair.............................1790-1795...........Washington . Bushrod Washington..............1798-1829...........Adams . John Marshall (Chief Justice)...1801-1835...........Adams . Philip Pendleton Barbour.........1836-1841. ( Full Answer )

How many years can a US Supreme Court justice serve?

According to Article III of the US Constitution, Supreme Court justices serve " during good behavior ," which means " for life " or until they choose to resign or retire, as long as they don't commit an impeachable offense (bad behavior). Only one US Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase, has been ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices have been women?

Four . There have only been four women, total, on the US Supreme Court in the nation's history. President Reagan appointed Sandra Day O'Connor as the first female justice in 1981. . Sandra Day O'Connor (1981 - 2006, retired) . Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1993 - active) . Sonia Sotomayor (2009 - active ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices are activist?

This is an unanswerable question because the concept of "judicial activism" is somewhat vague, and not all cases involve decisions that could be considered "legislating from the bench." At present, conservative justices dominate the US Supreme Court and together they have made a few decisions tha ( Full Answer )

How many justices were on the original US Supreme Court?

Congress set the size of the original Supreme Court at six in the Judiciary Act of 1789. The legislation provided for one Chief Justice and five Associate Justices. The original Justices were: Chief Justice: John Jay, New York Associate Justices: John Rutledge, South Carolina Willi ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices were from Massachusetts?

Eight US Supreme Court justices have been natives of Massachusetts: . William Cushing..........................1790-1810.............Washington . Joseph Story..............................1812-1845.............Madison . Benjamin Robins Curtis................1851-1857.............Fillmore . Ho ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices have been impeached?

Only one US Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase (one of the signatories to the Declaration of Independence), has ever been impeached. The House of Representatives accused Chase of letting his Federalist political leanings affect his rulings, and served him with eight articles of impeachment in lat ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices are on the Court today?

Currently, there are nine Supreme Court justices on the United States Supreme Court. The number of justices is set by Congress and has varied from five to 10. There have been nine justices since 1869. In 1937, Franklin Roosevelt attempted to add six more justices to the Supreme Court. He felt the ( Full Answer )

How many US Supreme Court justices have been Jewish?

There have only been eight Jewish members of of the U.S. Supreme Court in the Court's history. The first, Louis Brandeis, was appointed by Woodrow Wilson in 1916. Three members of the sitting Court are Jewish. Louis Brandeis.............1916-1939..........Wilson Benjamin Cardozo........1932-193 ( Full Answer )

How many justices are on the US Supreme Court in 2011?

There are nine justices on the US Supreme Court -- one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices -- who review cases as a group. Congress determines the number of justices needed and formally adjusts the size of the Court via a Judiciary Act, which is ordinary legislation affecting the federal co ( Full Answer )

How many justices are on the supreme court?

This depends on which supreme court. Reask your question specifying the state/country, or see related questions. US Supreme Court: There are 9 Justices on the US Supreme Court.

How many justice are currently on the US supreme court?

The US Supreme court is currently comprised of 1 Chief Justice and 8 Associate Justices - for a total of 9 justices. Article III of the United States Constitution gives Congress the authority to set the number of justices. The Judiciary Act of 1789 set the number at six justices. As the nation g ( Full Answer )

How many justices are on the US Supreme Court and how long do they serve?

There are nine justices , including the Chief Justice, on the US Supreme Court. According to Article III of the Constitution, justices serve "during good behavior," meaning as long as they don't commit an impeachable offense. For practical purposes, Supreme Court justices are considered to have ( Full Answer )

Who are the justices in the us supreme court?

Sonia Sotomayor, Stephen Breyer, Elana Kagan, Samuel Alito, Antonia Scalia, Clarence Thomas, Anthony Kennedy, Ruth Ginsburg, and the Chief Justice John Roberts.

How many justices are on the US Supreme Court this year?

There are currently 9 Justices in the US Supreme Court. The number varied in the early years of the court from a low of 6 to a high of 10. The Circuit Judges Act of 1869 set the number at 9 and it has been there ever since.