The Prophet Muhammad is reported to have had 12 wives in total from 9 years of age up to 45 years of age at the time of marriage.
He was married to only one - Khadijah - from the age of twenty-five, until his wife died when he was fifty.
The others he married after her were all part of maintaining tribal ties and ties between himself and his closest companions. Though the number of wives is limited to four for believing men, the Prophet was not restricted.
He married eleven, total. Most of them were middle aged. Either they were prominent women who lost their husbands, or they were from a Jewish, or Christian tribe (Sophia and Miriam). By this, Muhammad forged alliances.
(For more information about Muhammad's wives, see the related link)
It depends how you define a "wife".
(1) If you believe that a man can only have one wife at a time, then by modern Western standards, Mohammed married twice, first to Khadija, then after her death to Sawda.
(2) But Arab society had always allowed polygyny. The Muslim historian Al-Tabari says that Mohammed consummated marriage with thirteen women.
(3) Because he divorced two of these wives, who then forfeited the title "Mother of the Faithful," their names are often dropped from the list, leaving Mohammed with a total of eleven wives.
(4) There were at least nine other women with whom Mohammed had a legal contract of marriage, but for various reasons, these marriages were never consummated. Records of these women are very confusing; even Tabari admitted he did not know whether some of them were different people or alternative names for the same person. Two of these women are nevertheless sometimes counted as full wives, bringing the total to fifteen. If all nine are included, the total becomes twenty-two.
(5) There were four women with whom Mohammed had a sexual relationship but no marriage contract. Nowadays we would not consider this marriage, but in Arab society there was a recognised social status of concubine. In a household that was already polygamous, there was probably not much everyday difference between a wife and a concubine, but a concubine had fewer legal rights. If they are added to the list of consumated marriages, the total becomes seventeen.
(6) If a "marriage" is defined as either a legal contract or a sexual relationship, the total is at least nineteen. If all the sexual relationships plus all the legal marriages are included, the full tally is at least twenty-six.
Here are their names and ages, together with the circumstances of each marriage.
1. Khadija bint Khuwaylid, aged 27 (the popular tradition that she was 40 is probably incorrect), was a wealthy merchant from Mecca. After employing the 24-year-old Muhammad, she proposed marriage; and as he was looking for a wife but had no money, he was glad to accept. Khadija was the mother of six of his children and she was his only wife as long as she lived. This marriage, which lasted 25 years, appears to have been genuinely happy; after Khadija died in April 620, Muhammad grieved deeply for her for the rest of his life.
2. Sawda bint Zamaa, aged about 40, agreed to marry Muhammad, then 49, in mid-620. At that time he was unpopular in Mecca and also bankrupt, so nobody else would have him. Sawda was a large, plain, good-natured lady who worked as a tanner. In late 626 or early 627 Muhammad considered divorcing her, but she persuaded him to keep her in the house in exchange for never sleeping with her again.
3. Aisha, aged 6 when the marriage contract was signed in 620 but aged 9 at the consummation in 623, was the daughter of Muhammad's best friend, Abu Bakr. Muhammad married this child in preference to her adult but very fat sister, so he must have had a personal reason (beyond allying himself to his friend) for choosing her. Aisha was a beautiful redhead, spirited and highly intelligent, and she remained Muhammad's favourite wife.
4. Hafsa, aged 19, was the daughter of Muhammad's other best friend, Umar, who was one of the few Meccan emigrants to Medina who was still wealthy. Muhammad realised that he could not marry any of the Muslim converts in Medina because their families were very jealous for their happiness; if any such marriage fared badly (which was likely, as they were not used to polygamy), he would lose the political support of key citizens. So he had to restrict his choices to the emigrant community, which still had far more men than women. Muhammad was interested in more than Umar's friendship and money; he also appears to have been attracted to the assertive, intelligent personality of Hafsa, whom he married early in 625.
5. Zaynab bint Khuzayma, aged 28, was from a wealthy bourgeois (but non-Quraysh) family in Mecca. She was famous for her generous almsgiving. Muhammad married her early in 625, but she died only eight months after the wedding.
6. Hind (Umm Salama) bint Abi Umayya, aged 28, was an attractive tanner and date-merchant with four young children. After her husband died she did not want to remarry and she refused several proposals, but Muhammad pressured her to accept him in April 626. She was a wise, tactful and practical woman. Although Hind was from an important family in Mecca, they were so hostile to Islam that this marriage did not create any tribal alliance.
7. Zaynab bint Jahsh (aka Barra), aged 37, was the wife of Muhammad's adopted son Zayd. One day Muhammad accidentally saw Zaynab in her petticoat and was smitten with passion. Zaynab pressured Zayd, whom she had never liked, to divorce her, and she married Muhammad immediately afterwards in March 627. In order to make this legal, Muhammad announced new laws that (1) an adopted son did not count as a real son, so Zaynab was not his daughter-in-law, and (2) as a prophet, he was allowed more than the standard four wives. Zaynab was in every way a passionate woman - beautiful, fiery-tempered and generous - and she excelled at leather-crafts.
8. Rayhana bint Zayd, said to be aged about 15, was a Jewish war-captive from the Qurayza tribe. Muhammad selected her in May 627 because she was the most beautiful prisoner in the crowd. Rayhana refused to marry him because his army had just killed every adult male in her husband's tribe. Therefore Muhammad kept her as a concubine instead. (But some sources say he did marry her and later divorced her.) She died in March 632.
9. Saba bint Rifaa (aka Sanaa bint Asma ibn As-Salt) was the daughter of a Muslim warrior who hoped to advance his career by becoming Muhammad's father-in-law. Her brother was among those killed in the Bir Ma'una ambush. Muhammad signed the marriage contract, but Saba died before the marriage could be consummated, probably after 627.
10. Khawla bint Hudhayl, probably a teenager, was a princess from the Taghlib, a powerful Christian tribe in northern Arabia. Her very handsome young uncle suggested that Muhammad would find this marriage a great political asset. Muhammad signed the marriage contract, but Khawla died on her journey to Medina, before Muhammad had met her in person. The date of this marriage is unknown; it was after March 624 and it may or may not have been before the final defeat of Khawla's tribe in December 627.
11. Sharaf bint Khalifa was the aunt of Khawla and sister of the handsome warrior. After Khawla died, Muhammad sent people to check out Sharaf's beauty and then agreed to marry her. There is dispute over whether this contract was ever finalised and hence whether Sharaf should be considered Muhammad's wife, for she too died before the marriage could be consummated.
12. Juwayriya bint Al-Harith (aka Barra), aged 19 or 20, was the daughter of an Arab chief. Muhammad attacked her tribe and took her prisoner in late 627 or early 628 (but some traditions say it was a year earlier). Aisha claimed that men always fell in love at first sight with the gorgeous Juwayriya, and that Muhammad, being no exception, proposed to her for that reason. It is sometimes suggested that Muhammad married her to form an alliance with her tribe, but the truth is that he often captured princesses from tribes more important than Juwayriya's, yet he did not bother to marry these less beautiful ladies. Juwayriya's tribe was already defeated, whether she married Muhammad or not.
13. Ramla (Umm Habiba), aged 34, was the daughter of Abu Sufyan, the most important chief in Mecca. He was opposed to Islam, but Ramla became a Muslim before 616. Muhammad was determined to conquer Mecca but he had suffered a setback in March 628 in the humiliating Treaty of Hudaybiya. On hearing that Ramla's husband had died, he immediately sent her a proposal of marriage, and she arrived in Medina in July 628. This marriage offset some of Muhammad's political humiliation by demonstrating that he could command the loyalty of his rival's own daughter. Ramla was unswervingly devoted to Muhammad and apt to pick quarrels with people who were not.
14. Safiya (aka Zaynab), aged 16, was the daughter of Muhammad's adversary, the Jewish chief Huyayy ibn Akhtab. After Muhammad defeated the last Jewish tribe in Arabia in July 628, he discovered the dazzling Safiya among his war-captives and married her immediately, just hours after he had supervised the slaying of her second husband. His earlier victims had included her father, her brother, three of her uncles and at least three cousins. (Her divorced first husband had been killed in the Battle of Khaybar, and the Muslims executed his second wife a year later.) This marriage did not bring any benefits or concessions for Safiya's defeated tribe, who were banished from Arabia only a few years later; its real political significance was that she was a kind of trophy, living proof that Muhammad had defeated the Jews. Safiya was often seen weeping.
15. Maymuna bint Al-Harith (aka Barra), aged 36, was a middle-class widow from Mecca whom Muhammad married in March 629. She did not bring any particular political advantage. A placid woman who kept a very tidy house, Maymuna was completely obsessed with rules and rituals.
16. Mariya bint Shamoon, probably in her late teens, was one of five slaves whom the Governor of Egypt sent as a present to Muhammad in spring 628. Mariya was beautiful with fair skin and long black ringlets. Muhammad never married her legally but he kept her as a concubine from mid-629 onwards, and she bore him a son, Ibrahim.
17. Mulayka bint Kaab (aka Salma bint Dawud), aged about 13, was the daughter of a Meccan warrior who resisted the Muslim invasion of Mecca in January 630. Her defeated tribe needed to appease the conqueror so they gave him the pretty Mulayka as a bride. When Mulayka realised that Muhammad's army had killed her father, she demanded a divorce, which he granted her. She died a few weeks later.
18. Fatima bint Al-Dahhak (aka Fatima bint Shurayh or Al-Aliya bint Sufyan), probably a teenager, was the daughter of another Muslim warrior who wanted to become Muhammad's father-in-law in order to advance his career. There was no particular advantage to Muhammad, but he married Fatima in February or March 630. A few weeks later, Fatima was caught out watching people in the mosque courtyard when she should have been sitting behind her curtain. Muhammad divorced her immediately. Her father also abandoned her, so she had to work as a dung-collector. She later remarried to a cousin from her own tribe and she outlived all Muhammad's widows.
19. Durra bint Jundub was a cousin of Mulayka bint Kaab. Her father was persecuted for his faith in Mecca. After they emigrated to Medina, Muhammad married Durra, but the marriage was never consummated. It is not known why this marriage did not last.
20. Asma bint Al-Numan, probably in her late teens, was a beautiful Christian princess from south Arabia. In July 630 her family sent her to marry Muhammad in the hope that the alliance would prevent a military invasion from Medina. But Muhammad divorced Asma on the first day, after Aisha tricked her into saying the wrong thing. Asma is sometimes counted as an official wife of Muhammad even though the marriage was never consummated. She later married a brother of Umm Salama.
21. Ghaziya (Umm Sharik) bint Jabir, aged about 40, was a widow with dependent children. She sent Muhammad a proposal of marriage, and he agreed to the contract. The date is unknown, but it was after 628 (when her first husband was last recorded alive). However, when Muhammad met Ghaziya in person, he saw that, although attractive, she was "old," and he divorced her on the spot. Ghaziya remained on good terms with Muhammad, whom she outlived, but she never remarried.
22. Amra bint Yazid (aka Hind), aged about 15, was from a Bedouin tribe friendly to Muhammad. She was nobody of importance, but Muhammad, then aged about 60, heard about her beauty and intelligence and asked for her hand in marriage in late 630 or early 631. He divorced her on the first day when he saw that she had white patches on her skin, a possible symptom of a serious illness. She died a few months later. Amra is sometimes counted as an official wife of Muhammad even though the marriage was never consummated.
23. Tukana al-Quraziya (aka Jamila), probably a teenager, was a Jewish prisoner-of-war from the Qurayza tribe. She probably began as a domestic maid in May 627 and only became a concubine towards the end of Muhammad's life. After Muhammad died, she married his uncle Abbas.
24. Al-Shanbaa bint Amr, age unknown, was from a local tribe who appeared friendly to Muhammad but who had also been friendly to the Qurayza tribe. It is not known why Muhammad wanted to marry her. Al-Shanbaa deliberately insulted Muhammad on the first day, and he divorced her immediately. This was in January 632.
25. Qutayla bint Qays (aka Habla), probably a teenager, was a Jewish princess from Yemen. Her brother proposed her as a bride for Muhammad for political reasons. Muhammad signed the marriage contract but he died before Qutayla arrived in Medina (June 632). As soon as she heard that he was dead, she apostasised from Islam. Later she married an Arab chief who was a leader in the Apostasy Wars.
26. Al-Jariya (this means "the girl" and it is not a real name) was a domestic slave belonging to Zaynab bint Jahsh. In May 632 Zaynab gave the girl to Muhammad as a present. He kept her as a concubine but did not marry her.
There were other women whom Muhammad considered marrying, but he probably never actually married any of them. Here are the names of the ones known to history. Fakhita bint Abi Talib (her father forbade the match); "any woman you choose" (a general offer made to him by the elders of Mecca, which he refused); Habiba bint Sahl (the Companions discouraged this match because it would be a bad move politically); Dubaa bint Amir (he changed his mind because she was old); Layla bint Khatim (she changed her mind after pressure from her family); Khawla bint Hakim (he refused her); Naama al-Nadriya (she refused him); Ammara bint Hamza (he refused her because she was his foster-niece); Umm Habib bint Abbas (he changed his mind when he realised she was his foster-niece); Safiya bint Bashshama (she refused him); Izza bint Abi Sufyan (he refused because she was his sister-in-law); Durra bint Abi Salama (he refused because she was his stepdaughter); Jamra bint Harith (her father forbade the match); an unnamed widow from Medina (he refused her); another unnamed girl (he changed his mind); the Virgin Mary; Queen Asiya; the sister of Moses (he said the last three would be his wives in Paradise after he was dead).
It is sometimes claimed that Muhammad married poor widows in order to take care of them. However, only one known wife was possibly poor and certainly without family: Ghaziya, whom he divorced immediately. It is also claimed that most of his marriages were for political reasons. Actually the only purely political match was the one with Khawla, the princess who died before he even met her. Some of his other marriages included a political element (Rayhana, Juwayriya, Ramla, Safiya), but this element was the flaunting of his triumph rather than creating a friendly or mutually beneficial alliance. Mulayka and Asma were offered to him for political reasons on the part of their own families, but his readiness to divorce them suggests that the political consideration was not a strong motive on Muhammad's side. Muhammad never formed any political alliance with an unattractive woman, even though he had opportunities to do so. For example, when he subdued the Kalb tribes, he instructed his army-general to marry Tamazir bint Al-Asbagh, daughter of one of the Kalb chiefs, but he did not marry her himself. In 630 he captured Safana bint Hatim, lady of the powerful Tayy tribe, who was at least 50 years old. He released her, then sent Ali with an army to conquer the Tayy by force.
All of Muhammad's wives were much younger than himself, with the exception of Khadija, whom he married when they were both young. All were attractive women, with the exception of Sawda, whom he nearly divorced simply because she was not attractive.
Sources. Some of Muhammad's wives are mentioned in his earliest biography by Ibn Ishaq. The earliest formal list is Ibn Hisham's Note 918. Alfred Guillaume's English translation of this biography plus Ibn Hisham's notes is readily available online. A major and early secondary source that also draws heavily on Ibn Ishaq is Al-Tabari's history: see the State University of New York Press-sponsored translations of volumes 6, 7, 8, 9 and 39. Another detailed source is Volume 8 of Ibn Saad's "Tabaqat", of which Aisha Bewley has made an abridged translation into English. There are many stories about Muhammad's wives in Waqidi's military history, recently translated by Rizwi Faizer, and in the hadiths of Malik, Ibn Hanbal, Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasa'i, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Bayhaqi, etc., most of which are also available online.
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
Sawda bint Zamʿa
Aisha bint Abi Bakr
Hafsa bint Umar
Zaynab bint Khuzayma
Hind bint Abi Umayya
Zaynab bint Jahsh
Juwayriyya bint al-Harith
Rayhana bint Zayd
Safiyya bint Huyayy
Ramla bint Abi Sufyan
Maymuna bint al-Harith
Thirteen. But, according the the prophet himself, that was a special divine permission given to him only.
Prophet Mohammed married 11 (eleven) wives. We call them mothers of Muslims as no one can marry them after the Prophet's death and they'll all be wives in paradise. The prophet only was featured by God to marry more than 4 for special wisdoms.
First of all, I would like to mention some of the wisdoms behind the prophet (may Allah's blessing be upon him) having married such number of women:
One of which is when having many wives, they helped spreading knowledge and teachings of the Islam in all aspects of life, including peace, war and in the private life of the prophet. Each wife has different features and they're all poured in the knowledge of the followers which still learn until today. They taught the prophet's followers a lot of things after the prophet's death. Especially Aysha (the youngest) among them.
The Prophet's wives (mothers of the believers) are as followed:
1. Khadeejah Bint Khuwayled. The prophet married her before he was sent to people. She was the first wife and died at the age of 65. She stayed with the prophet for 25 years.
2. Aysha Bint Abi Bakr. The only virgin he married.
3. Sawda Bin Zimaa. Married her after her husband's death. He only had her for 4 years.
4. Um Salamah (Bind Bin Abu Omaya). He married her after her husband's death.
5. Um Habeebah (Ramlah Bint Abu Sofyan). He married her after her husband receded from Islam.
6. Hafsa Bint Omar Bin Al-Khatab. Married her after her husband's death.
7. Zainab Bin Jahsh. She is his female cousin to his aunt Umayma. God married him to Zainab from the sky. God said: "But when Zaid had accomplished his want of her, We gave her to you as a wife, so that there should be no difficulty for the believers in respect of the wives of their adopted sons, when they have accomplished their want of them; and Allah's command shall be performed. (37)".
8. Zainab Bint Khuzayma Al-Helalya. After her husband's death. She died after 3 or 4 months only.
9. Juwayriyah Bint Al-Harith. He married her when she was a captive. (meaning releasing her from captivity and have the honor of being a wife of the prophet).
10. Safiya Bin Huyay Bin Akhtab Al-Nudariyah. He married her after her husband died in Khaibar. The prophet praised her by saying: "you're a daughter of a prophet, your uncle is a prophet and your husband is a prophet". Her father's ancestry goes back to prophet Haroun, and her uncle is Moses and her husband is prophet Mohammed.
11. Maymounah Bint Al-Harith. She was the last.
9 wives. Only one of them was young and that was becauses his father insisted. Others were old widows. His marriages were mostly for political and cultural purposes.
For example, Arab tribes mostly had war, but when two tribes had a marriage they became united. Or it was because Muslims did not respect women captives in wars. So the prophet married a Jew captive woman so that the Muslims would respect her.
hazrat zainab bint khuzaimah
hazrat zainab bint jahsh
hazrat maria qibtia
hazrat umm habibah
hazrat umm salamah
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married the following women:
1 - Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid (may Allaah be pleased with her) : She was the first of his wives. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her when he was twenty-five years old, and he did not take another wife until after she died. All his children were born from her, except Ibraaheem.
Al-Bukhaari entitled a chapter in his Saheeh: "The marriage of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to Khadeejah (may Allaah be pleased with her), and her virtues," in which he narrated a hadeeth from 'Aa'ishah who said: "I never felt jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as I did of Khadeejah, although she died before he married me, because of what I heard him say about her." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3815.
2 - Sawdah bint Zam'ah ibn Qays : The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her in the tenth year of his Prophethood. Tabaqaat Ibn Sa'd, narrating from al-Waaqidi, 8/52-53; Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah WA'l-Nihaayah, 3/149
3 - 'Aa'ishah bint Abi Bakr al-Siddeeq (may Allaah be pleased with her): The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her in Shawwaal of the tenth year of the Prophethood. Ibn Sa'd, 8/58-59. She herself said: "The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married me when I was six years old, and consummated the marriage with me when I was nine." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3894; Muslim, 1422. Al-Bukhaari (5077) also narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (S) (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not marry any virgin apart form her.
4 - Hafsah bint 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with her) : It was narrated from 'Abd-Allaah ibn 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that Hafsah's husband Khunays ibn Hudhaafah, who was one of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and had been present at Badr, died in Madeenah. 'Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: I met 'Uthmaan ibn 'Affaan and offered Hafsah to him in marriage. I said: If you wish, I will marry Hafsah bint 'Umar to you. He said: I will think about it. Several nights passed, then he said: I think that I do not want to get married at this time. 'Umar said: Then I met Abu Bakr and I said: If you wish, I will marry Hafsah bint 'Umar to you. Abu Bakr kept quiet and did not give me any response. I was more upset about him than about 'Uthmaan. Several nights passed, then the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) proposed to her and I married her to him. Then Abu Bakr met me and said: Perhaps you felt upset when you offered Hafsah in marriage to me and I did not reply? I said: Yes. He said: Nothing prevented me from responding to your offer but the fact that I knew that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had mentioned her, and I did not want to disclose the secret of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). If he had decided not to marry her, I would have accepted your offer. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4005.
5 - Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (may Allaah be pleased with her): The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her in Ramadaan, thirty-one months after the Hijrah. Tabaqaat Ibn Sa'd, 8/115
6 - Umm Salamah bint Abi Umayyah (may Allaah be pleased with her): Muslim (918) narrated that Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: "There is no person who is faced with a calamity and says Inna Lillaahi WA inna ilayhi raaji'oon, Allaahumma ujurni fi museebati w'ukhluf li khayran minha (Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return; O Allaah, reward me in this calamity and compensate me with something better than it) but Allaah will reward him in his calamity and will compensate him with something better than that." She said: When Abu Salamah died, I said what the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had commanded me, and Allaah compensated me with someone better than him: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
According to another report: when Abu Salamah died, I said: Who is better than Abu Salamah, the companion of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? But Allaah decreed that I should say it. Then I got married to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
7 - Juwayriyah bint al-Haarith (may Allaah be pleased with her): She fell prisoner to the Muslims during the battle of Banu'l-Mustalaq, and she came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to ask him to help her to manumit herself and buy her freedom. He offered to buy her freedom and marry her, and she accepted. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her and made her manumission her dowry. When the people came to know of that, they set free their own prisoners, so as to honour the in-laws of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). No woman brought a greater blessing to her people than she did. Narrated by Ibn Ishaaq with a hasan isnaad. Seerat Ibn Hishaam, 3/408-409.
8 - Zaynab bint Jahsh (may Allaah be pleased with her): Concerning her Allaah revealed the words (interpretation of the meaning): "So when Zayd had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them)" [al-Ahzaab 33:37]
She used to boast about this to the other wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), saying: "Your families arranged your marriages but Allaah arranged my marriage from above the seven heavens." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 7420.
9 - Umm Habeebah bint Abi Sufyaan (may Allaah be pleased with her): Abu Dawood (2107) narrated from 'Urwah from Umm Habeebah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she was married to 'Ubayd-Allaah ibn Jahsh, who died in Abyssinia. Then the Negus married her to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and gave her a mahr of four thousand on his behalf, and sent her to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with Shurahbeel ibn Hasanah. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.
10- Maymoonah bint al-Haarith (may Allaah be pleased with her):It was narrated from Ibn 'Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married Maymoonah when he was in ihraam. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1832; Muslim, 1410.
The words "when he was in ihraam" are a mistake. In fact the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) married her after he exited ihraam following 'Umrat al-Qada'.
See Zaad al-Ma'aad, 1/113; Fath al-Baari, hadeeth no. 5114.
11 - Safiyyah bint Huyayy ibn Akhtab (may Allaah be pleased with her):The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) set her free and married her after the battle of Khaybar. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 371.
These are the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with whom he consummated marriage. Two of them died during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), namely Khadeejah and Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (may Allaah be pleased with them both). The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) left behind nine wives when he died; there is no difference of scholarly opinion on this matter. See Zaad al-Ma'aad, 1/105-114
It was said that Rayhaanah bint 'Amr al-Nadariyyah (or al-Quraziyyah) was also one of his wives. She was taken prisoner during the battle of Bani Qurayzah, and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) chose her for himself and married her, then he divorced her then took her back. Tabaqaat Ibn Sa'd , narrating from al-Waaqidi, 8/130
1. Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (died before he married any of the others)
2. Sawdah bint Zam'a
3. Aisha bint Abi Bakr
4. Hafsa bint Umar
5. Zaynab bint Khuzayma (died in his lifetime)
1.Hazrat Khadija Bint Khuwaylid, the only wife during his youth.
2. Hazrat Sawada Bint Zam'a
3. Hazrat A'isha Bint Abu Bakr
4.Hazrat Hafsa Bint 'Umar
5.Hazrat Zaynab Bint Khuzayma
6.Hazrat Ummay Salama Hind Bint Abi Umayya
7.Hazrat Zaynab Bint Jahsh
8.Hazrat Juwayria Bint Al-Haritha
9. Hazrat Umm Habiba Ramla Bint Bint Abi Sufyan
10.Hazrat Safya Bint Huyayya
11.Hazrat Maymuna Bint Al-Haritha.
The following women were Muhammad's wives.
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
Sawda bint Zama
Aisha bint Abi Bakr
Hafsa bint Umar
Zaynab bint Khuzayma
Umm Salama Hind bint Abi Umayya
Zaynab bint Jahsh
Juwayriya bint al-Harith
Ramlah bint Abi-Sufyan
Rayhana bint Amr ibn Khunafa
Safiyya bint Huyayy
Maymuna bint al-Harith
The prophet Muhammad (sas) had nine wifes. His first wife was Khadija daughter of Khuwalid, son of Sad, son of Abdul Uzza son of Qusayy: at this stage her pedigree joins that of Muhammad. Her mothers name was Fatima. She was also known as Tahirah (the purified) and umm Hind (mother of Hind) She had been previously married and widowed.
They are 13 wives as follow with period of marriage shown between brackets.
- Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (595-619)
- Sawda bint Zamʿa (619-632)
- Aisha bint Abi Bakr (619-632)
- Hafsa bint Umar (624-632)
- Zaynab bint Khuzayma (625-627)
- Hind bint Abi Umayya (629-632)
- Zaynab bint Jahsh (627-632)
- Juwayriya bint al-Harith (628-632)
- Ramlah bint Abi Sufyan (628-632)
- Rayhana bint Zayd (629-631)
- Safiyya bint Huyayy (629-632)
- Maymuna bint al-Harith (630-632)
- Maria al-Qibtiyya (630-632)
Refer to related questions below.