Discovery class interplanetary missions run about $300 million. Big spy sat missions go for $1 billion or more.
The cost of the mission was $4.4 billion.
The most obvious answer to your question is the fact that people have to return to earth, while an unmanned craft can stay in space infinitely. Manned spacecraft require things like oxygen, water, food and communications equipment, none of which are required by an unmanned spacecraft. That means unmanned spacecrafts can be sent into space for a fraction of the cost of a manned spacecraft. So basically, it's much cheaper and safer to send unmanned spacecrafts to explore the universe.
It is difficult to accurately cost individual Apollo missions as all missions, research, experiments etc., came under the overall cost of the Apollo program, which came to about 26 billion dollars.Apollo 2 was an unmanned mission launched in July 1966 and was destroyed in about 6 hours into the mission. The main purpose was to study the effect of weightlessness on the fuel.
The average cost of a space shuttle mission is $450 million
a lot :-)
The average Apollo mission cost about $500,000,000, however, Apollo 1 was much cheaper since it didn't launch. It burned a month before the scheduled launch, killing the crew.
Average Variable Cost = Total Variable Cost/ Quantity Average Cost = Average Fixed Cost + Average Variable Cost Average Cost = Total Cost/Quantity
mission statement for cost effectivness
There is marginal cost and there is average cost but a marginal average cost makes no sense.
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When the marginal cost is below the average total costs or the average variable costs,then the AC would be declining.When marginal cost is above the average cost then the average cost would be increasing.Therefore the marginal cost should intersect with the average cost at the lowest point in order to pull the average cost upwards.
The cost of a single mission is hard to calculate since so much had to occur before that mission could be performed. You could figure the cost of the fuel, the building of the actual flight equipment, and the salaries of everybody involved, but that won't figure in the cost needed for all the steps that had to occur before that final mission. The final cost of the entire program, as reported by NASA in 1973, was US$20.4 billion. If you divide that by the total number of successful moon landings (6), you get an average cost of US$3.4 billion per mission, or US$14.8 billion adjusted for inflation. That's not a very accurate number, but it gives some estimate of the cost.
Pluto is only 2/3 the size of our moon (at only 2,320km across), and of all official planets and minor planets, Pluto has the largest orbit around the sun because it is the furthest from the sun. Due to its extreme distance from Earth, there have been no spacecraft sent to observe it more closely. Even a mission by remote unmanned spacecraft would cost several billion dollars, and the information obtained from such a mission would likely be insignificant compared to missions to Mars. Due to its size and comparatively small distance from Earth, Mars has much greater potential benefit for humanity than Pluto. The distance from Earth to Mars is only 3.8% the distance from Earth to Pluto, and it still takes between four and seven months to get to Mars.
weapon system cost.
the average variable cost curve and average cost curve are u- shaped because of the law of variable proportions.
Average Cost Method: Under this method average cost is calculated by following farmula:Average cost of unit= Total cost of inventory / total number of units
the average cost is 4.29.
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The average cost of a typewriter is $280.00.
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The average cost of a PC computer is $615 dollars. The average cost of a Mac is about $1300 dollars.