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Biotechnology

Identify modern biotechnology from traditional biotechnology?

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February 06, 2011 4:15AM

Traditional biotechnology is centered around passive techniques such as selective breeding to procure a population that shares a specific phenotype (trait). In the case of plants, this use to be done via simple cross pollination (google Gregor Mendel).

Modern biotechnology uses gene manipulation to actively engineer organisms with certain characteristics (e.g. bacteria with a gene that codes for a pharmaceutical protein).