Is an investment an implicit cost?
Yes, investment is an implicit cost because it is a firm investing their own money in something that (by definition of an opportunity cost) could have been invested in something else. Investment is the opportunity cost of a firm using their own money, and whether or not the opportunity that the firm invested in is worthwhile is defined by the NROR (the normal rate of return).
1 Explicit cost and Implicit cost are the two dimensions of cost What role does cost play in financial decisions?
First of all, we need to understand what is explicit cost and implicit cost. Explicit cost mean real expenses, while implicit cost mean opportunity cost. In accounting profit, we only minus explicit cost, while in economic profit we minus explicit cost and implicit cost. therefore accounting profit is higher than economic profit.
To calculate ROI, the benefit (or return of money or income gained) of an investment is divided by the cost of the investment. ROI is usually shown as a percentage. This formula can also be used to suit a number of different situations. Here is the formula for ROI: (Income from Investment - Cost of Investment) / Total Cost of Investment = ROI
According to the "Bible" for accounting terminology, Barron's Dictionary of Accounting Terms, 5th Edition, they are the same. In fact, when you look up implicit cost, it refers you to imputed cost. This is the definition of imputed cost: "A cost that is implied but not reflected in the financial reports of the firm: also called implicit cost. Imputed costs consist of opportunity costs of time and capital that the manage has invested in producing…