Elements and Compounds
Chemical Bonding

Is conformational isomerism restricted only to carbon compounds?

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Answered 2009-03-28 06:55:58

conformational analysis of alkanes

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What are the conditions for conformational isomerism?

Organic compounds with at least two carbon atoms attached through a single bond.

Why do alkenes show cis-trans isomerism?

Restricted rotation of the carbon-carbon double bond.

What are the four properties of carbon that makes it unique among elements?

catenation , tetravalency , high bond energy making the compounds stable, isomerism

What is the difference between positional isomerism and functional isomerism?

structural isomer explain the change in the arrangement of atoms around carbon atom even normal or iso-structure. But the functional isomer show the change in the functional group of compounds

What is meant by isomerism and what are the types of isomerism?

Isomerism is the phenomenon in which two or more compounds have same molecular formula but their structural formula is different. The compounds are called Isomers.There are 2 types of isomerism.1) Structural Isomerism which is further classied into 5 more types of isomerisms:i) Chain Isomerism which is due to difference in nature or the carbon chain e.g. isopentane, neopentane or n-pentaneii) Position isomerism which is due to the difference in position of the functional group or unsaturated linkage in the same carbon chain. e.g. 1-Chloropropane is the isomer or 2-chloropropane or another example is 1-butene which is isomer of 2-buteneiii) Functional group isomerism in which there are different functional group but same molecular formula. e.g. dimethyl ether is functional group isomer of ethyl alcoholiv) Metamerism is due to the unequal distribution of carbon atoms on either side of the functional group and such compounds belong to same homologous series. e.g. diethyl ether and methyl n-propyl ether are metamers.dietheyl ether: CH3 - CH2 - O - CH2 - CH3methyl n-propyl: CH3 - O - CH2 - CH2 - CH3v) Tautomerism due to shifting of proton from one atom to other in the same molecule.The 2nd type of isomerism is Cis-trans Isomerism or geometric isomerism and compounds who possess same structural formula but differ with respect to the positions of the identical groups in space are called cis-trans isomers and the phenomenon is cis-trans or geometric isomerism.

Can 1-pentene exhibit cis-trans isomerism?

no for cis trans isomerism to exist, 2 conditions must be fufilled. firstly, there must be restricted rotation about the double bond. Secondly, there must be 2 different substituent groups attached to each carbon atom. In 1-pentene, one of the carbon has 2 hydrogen attached to it, thus it does not fufill the second condition. Hence, 1-pentene does not exhibit geometrical isomerism(cis-trans)

What compounds contain carbon?

Carbon containing compounds are called organic compounds.

What is another name for carbon compounds?

The other name for Carbon Compounds, is Organic Compounds.

Compounds that contain carbon are called what?

Compounds containing carbon are referred to as organic compounds

What are compounds that contain no carbon?

Compounds that contain no carbon are inorganic.

Which compounds form the basis naming for carbon compounds?

It is carbon!

Which compounds have carbon-carbon double bonds?

Organic compounds can have carbon-carbon double bonds.

What are inorganic carbon compounds?

these are carbon compounds not found in living things

How are organic compounds different from inorganic compounds?

Organic compounds contain carbon, and usually also hydrogen. Inorganic compounds do not contain compounds containing carbon and hydrogen. Note: carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are not organic compounds because they do not also contain hydrogen.

Which macromolecule has cis-carbon-carbon double bond?

The most likely example of geometric isomerism you will meet at an introductory level is cis-but-2-ene.

What are compounds that do not contain the element carbon called?

inorganic compoundsCompounds that do not contain the element carbon are known as inorganic compounds. However, there are some carbon containing compounds, such as carbon monoxide, that are still classified as organic. Nevertheless, any compound that does not contain carbon is always inorganic.

Chemical compounds that do not contain carbon?

Compounds that do not contain carbon are called inorganic compounds.Water for example is called and inorganic compound.Compounds that do carbon in it is called organic compound.

How do isomers of an alkene differ if they have the same molecular formulas?

Generally, they have different arrangements.There are two main types of isomerism:structural isomerism, in which the isomer and the alkene have the same number of carbon and hydrogen atoms; andthe isomer and the alkene each has a different arrangement of carbon and hydrogen atomsoptical isomerism, in which two enantiomers1 have the same molecular formula but are mirror images and are non-superimposable; anda chiral carbon is present, which means that it is bonded to four different atoms/groups.

What are compounds that do not contain carbon called?

AnswerCompounds that do not contain carbon are inorganic; compounds that contain carbon are organic. Minerals are inorganic compounds.AnswerLoosely speaking, "inorganic".This is not exact scientific terminology, however, because there are inorganic compounds that DO contain carbon. Example: the global warming gas, carbon dioxide (CO2).Answerinorganic compounds.

What compounds can carbon make?

All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon can make everything from carbon dioxide to chlorophyll.

Are hydrogen on carbon compounds?

No, not all compounds of Carbon contain Hydrogen, for instance Carbon Dioxide does not and neither does Carbon Tetraflouride.

Compounds that do not contain carbon and hydrogen?

Compounds that do not contain carbon and hydrogen would be NaCl, FeCl3, LiCl, and many other compounds. These compounds generally are called inorganic compounds because they lack carbon and hydrogen. Organic compounds must consist of carbon in order to be considered organic.

Organic compounds are defined as all covalently bonded compounds containing carbon except?

carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide Essentially, organic compounds contain carbon and hydrogen.

What characteristics of carbon accounts for the large variety of organic compounds?

Carbon and study of carbon containing compounds

What does organic compounds contain?

it contains carbon and hydogen.inorganic compounds do not contain carbon.