Is martial arts a performing art?
That depends. A martial art in the strict sense is a fighting art, not a performing art. And martial arts performed in fighting competition are not a performing art either: they are a sport. But when when martial-art drills are performed as a display (e.g. forms performed in ceremonies and parades) that is a performing art, and when choreographed "fights" are staged as part of a dramatic performance (e.g. for films or in Chinese opera), that is a performing art too, especially when showy acrobatic moves instead of ones that could be effective.
Yes, many martial arts include the use of weapons. Many people have a misconception as to what a martial art is. Most have the idea that martial art means only the weaponless arts that originated in Asia. This is too limited a definition. A martial art is the study of the art of fighting. It includes all skills that are of value in combat. Archery, sword fighting, shooting, running, equestrian, swimming and dozens of others…
The most recent "established" martial art would have to be mixed martial arts or MMA. Unfortunately there is some debate to whether or not this an original martial art because it's just an amalgamation of several techniques from other martial arts. It combines everything from Judo to Greco-Roman Wrestling.
All of the styles listed are types of martial arts. Kung Fu originated in China. Legend says it was based on the martial arts of India. Karate was created by merging Kung Fu and Okinawan Wrestling. It is predominantly a striking art. Tae Kwon Do was created by merging Karate and Korean martial arts. It is predominantly a striking art. Judo is a Japanese grappling art that was created as a sport from the martial…
It is impossible to know any martial art in any amount of time. Besides you do not need to know several martial arts. If you find a martial arts that suits you and train, train and train, then in 3-4 years you should be pretty proficient at it. Everyone who studys martial arts are always learning. If anyone says they know a martial art, they are either lying or have a massive ego.
Ranma Â½ isn't based on any one style of martial arts, but several of them, and many of them are parodied or are inaccurate. The school of martial arts that Ranma and his father, along with Akane and Soun Tendo practice, is known as the Anything-Goes School of Martial Arts, so while it incorporates numerous actual martial arts techniques, it also uses ridiculous "techniques" and fictionalized martial art styles.