Name the four biomolecules and their monomers?
Lipids : Glycerol , and fatty acids
Proteins : Amino acids
Carbohydrates : Monosaccharide
Nucleic Acids : Nucleotide
proteins are the biomolecules which are polymers. polymers are the substances formed by the combination of many monomers the monomers of the proteins are amino acids. amino acids are the substaces which contains acid and amine group in them. amino acids are combined together by peptide bonds to form the protein.
Four (bio)macromolecules are: Carbohydrates (e.g. Glucose, cellulose and lactose), Lipids (e.g. Triglyceride, phospholipids) , Proteins (e.g. Insulin, keratin and all enzymes) and Nucleic Acids (e.g. DNA and RNA). Monomers for: 1) Carbohydrates = Monosacharides 2) Lipids = Glycerol and Fatty Acids 3) Proteins = Amino Acids 4) Nucleic Acid = Nucleotide
Why can two four sugar polysaccharides be different even if both consist of two glucose monomers and two galactose monomers?
For the Dna [sugar-phosphate] backbone there are two types of monomers - the ribose [5 carbon] sugar and the [PO4 minus] phosphate moiety. The Four Handshake Bases that form 'the rungs of the Dna Ladder' are the nucleotide base monomers. Their Names are the pairs Adenine with Guanine and the pairs Cytosine with Thymine.