Name the laws passed to control slaves?
Between 1830 and 1860 life under slavery became even more difficult because the slave codes -- the laws in the Southern states that controlled enslaved people --became more severe. In existence since the 1700's slave codes aimed to prevent the event white Southerners dreaded most-- the slave rebellion. For this reason slave codes prohibited slaves from assembling in large groups and from leaving their master's property without a written pass.
Slave codes also made it a crime to teach enslaved people to read or write. White Southerners feared that a literate slave might lead other African Americans in rebellion. A slave who did not know how to read and write, whites believed, was less likely to rebel.