Teaching Resources

What do globes, maps, worksheets, online games, videos, projecting images on a screen, books, tapes, and Web 2.0 sites like WikiAnswers have in common? They can all be used as teaching resources! Teaching resources are materials that use sight and/or sound to present information, and this category is all about them.

3,600 Questions
Academic Writing
Teaching Resources
Primary and Elementary School

How do you write an essay about a specific topic?

WikiAnswers will not write an essay for you to copy, but we will help you to write your own assignment.

  • If your teacher has given you a specific topic, the first thing you should do is make a list of everything you know about that topic. Do some research if you need to!

For the first step, don't worry about complete sentences and grammar - just write down your ideas. This can be either an informal list or a more formal outline.

If you are writing about a person, list facts about their life. If you are writing about a place or thing, list facts that you have looked up.

If your topic is more general, like "The Flag" or "Friendship," write down anything that comes into your mind when you think of that thing. If you are writing about an event, like "My Vacation" or "A Trip to the Airport," list everything that happened.

If your teacher has given you a phrase or proverb as a topic (like "Give Love, Get Love" or "A Stitch in Time Saves Nine") then you first must be sure you understand what the phrase means! Use a search engine like google.com or dogpile.com if you need to. Then list everything that you think of when you think of that phrase.

  • Write the introductory paragraph using the assigned topic as your thesis or topic statement. Explain what you are going to show about this topic in your essay.
  • Now, make each fact you have listed into a complete sentence. For each fact, write two or three more sentences explaining that fact. These will be your paragraphs. Try different ways of putting them in order in the essay until you decide which way works best to get your ideas across - it does not really matter what order you use unless the teacher has said to do it a specific way!
  • Write your concluding paragraph, in which you show that each of your facts supported or explained the topic.
  • Check your grammar and punctuation.

*Supervisors: this question is part of a learning hub about writing. Please do not delete answers*
Academic Writing
Labor and Employment Law
Salary and Pay Rates
Teaching Resources

How much money does a teacher earn?

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, "median annual wages of kindergarten, elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers ranged from $47,100 to $51,180 in May 2008; the lowest 10 percent earned $30,970 to $34,280; the top 10 percent earned $75,190 to $80,970."

According to the American Federation of Teachers, beginning teachers with a bachelor's degree earned an average of $33,227 in the 2005-2006 school year.

Ultimately, a teacher's salary depends on a number of factors:

  • where they are teaching (cities, states and countries)
  • what level they are teaching (primary, middle, senior or tertiary)
  • level of experience and how many years they have been teaching
  • their area of specialty
  • number and types of qualifications
  • set wage rises within an industry, and within the country

Salaries vary by state, city and district. If that was not enough, within a state, a city and a district, every teacher earns a salary based on years of teaching experience and education level, or other incentives offered by the state, city or department for which that teacher works.

More input from Answers.com contributors:

  • I have a masters degree and I am a first year teacher. I make $66,000 a year, before taxes. Some of my colleagues have been teaching for 15 years and make well over $100,000 a year. It definitely depends on where you live. These are figures for Long Island, New York.
  • I have the equivalent of a doctoral degree, have been teaching for 15 years and only make $61,000 per year, before taxes.
  • In Oklahoma some teachers at public schools are starting at 28,000 per year.

    As an Australian teacher who is in the category of "senior teacher" but who does not (by choice) hold any Head of Department positions, my salary is currently over $80,000 per annum and it increases every year.

Teaching Resources
Parts of Speech

What part of speech is the word 'then'?

Actually, "then" is a conjunctive adverb. Used, among other things, to show cause and effect. Unlike "than" which is a conjunction used to indicate choice.Contrast the sentence: "When war ends; then, we will have peace."

With this one: "Peace is to be desired, rather than war."

Math and Arithmetic
Teaching Resources

What are the answers to kumon math level F?

The answer can not be accessed if your Kumon teacher did not give the answer book to you.

you suck if you didnt know the answer that's all you had to say

Math and Arithmetic
Teaching Resources

What are two dimensional instructional materials?

Two-Dimensional Materials








Teaching Resources
Accounts Receivable

Where can i download Test bank for kieso intermediate accounting 12th ed updated?

Teaching Resources
Synonyms and Antonyms

What are three words that mean truth?

Fact, reality, honest truth

School Subjects
Teaching Resources

Why can't you find past IEB examination papers?

Go to the related link and then to their front page. Click on Public Domain then select Schools > National Senior Certificate and select your subject.

Learning Theories
Teaching Resources

What are the disadvantages of demonstration as a teaching method?

The disadvantages of demonstration as a teaching method include the fact that not everyone learns well with that method. Some students have difficult with demonstration learning.

Teaching Resources

Full form of teacher?


T - Talented

E - Educated

A - Adorable

C - Charming

H - Helpful

E - Encouraging

R - Responsible

Learning Theories
Teaching Resources
High School

What are the four modern teaching methods?

Four Modern Teaching Methods

The four modern teaching methods are: Constructivism, Comprehensive learning, Conceptual Pedagogy,and Internet

Learning Theories
Teaching Resources

If you do hand practice what are the advantages and disadvantages?

Masturbation_the_Good_and_the_Bad">Masturbation_the_Good_and_the_Bad">Masturbation the Good and the Bad
  • No, it's not bad for you, and anyone who would tell you otherwise is either uninformed or mean spirited (or they're standing outside the bathroom door waiting to get in.)
  • It all depends on your personal beliefs. Some religious people consider it bad for your spirit.
  • It's addicting, and the addiction can become worse until you can't live without doing it once or more a day. It causes you to produce more sexual desire than you normally would (in males, more semen), and thus your addiction is furthered.
  • It is usually accompanied by pornography, which has been shown to reduce or hamper intimacy with others as well as a conscious or conscious tendency to objectify women. If you decide to have a steady girlfriend or boyfriend, or get married this may be a roadblock.
  • If you are addicted, it's really bad for your health, other activities, sports, studies or work. Involving in other activities which soothes you is a best option so that it don't become your habit.
  • According to a recent study on the subject of masturbation it was found that the percentage of people that masturbated regularly to replace normal sexual intercourse had a lower incidence of prostrate cancer and other problems when they grew older. People who like sex want to have sex often and when they don't they masturbate this settles the mind and gives them a good nights sleep. The only biblical reference that relates to this is a matter of interpretation put forward by killjoys.
  • Frequent masturbation is now linked to increased prostate cancer risk in young males (within their 20's) by as much as 79%. However, masturbation in older men (age 50+) lowers the risk. See the WebMD link below.
  • The study referenced above that purports to link frequent masturbation to prostate cancer also says that "different studies of this question, done in different ways, have reached different conclusions." The researchers were not able to conclude the reasons for their results, but speculated that perhaps "young men genetically predisposed to have hormone-sensitive prostate cancer will be at higher risk if their bodies naturally produce high levels of male hormones -- the same hormones that give them an intense sex drive." So, they point out, "it's not masturbation itself that's increasing prostate cancer risk in young men. More masturbation may just mean more sex drive -- and more androgens bathing prostate tissues."
  • any sexual act other than the normal intercourse, could leave its effects on the human body negatively, that is to say, when a boy masturbates, he might press heavily on his organs, a thing that doesn't happen in normal intercourse, causing some kind of harm if you are not fair to yourself. Also, some people may feel guilt or regret, due to societal stigma (many puns alludes to masturbation deeming it as a loser activity) or because of a feeling of having accomplished nothing, sometimes founded, if the person in question really exceeds and indulges in it too much. In the medicine there are cases like "vaginismus" in women that describes this case, and "premature ejaculation" in men that is attributed to the same reason. But masturbating could also lead to a better control of ejaculation if one takes his time to experiment and control his body.
  • Sometimes religious youth are actually encouraged to fast to suppress that desire until they get the chance to marry.
  • Come on, it feels good! It's not bad. I hear it's actually good for your health sexually. Seriously. Do it. Things start to stress you out less. And who likes stress? Not me!
  • Any thing in balance is not likely to be taken as bad. But overindulgence or masturbating too much would definitely harm your health, and other activities related like education, extra-curricular & relations. For parents, its always very necessary to periodically watch for the activities of their child, and keep communication line open so that can properly guide them to a better prospective view of sex & awareness.
  • Only if you are doing it so much that it stops you doing your schoolwork.
  • There is nothing about masturbation that is physically bad for you. There are some religions or parts of some religions which look down upon it, but most thinking individuals realize that is just a scare tactic to gain control over others.
  • No. It is definitely NOT bad for you. It is a medically proven fact that any sort of "normal" sexual gratification leads to a happier person as long as it doesn't interfere with you everyday life. In addition to purely psychological satisfaction, the human body produces endorphins - the hormone in charge of elevated spirits and positive perception of the environment. Prior to the culminating moment of orgasm, the brain emits a dose of oxytocin - the hormone of the posterior lobe of pituitary. Oxytocin results in the production of sedative endorphins - natural analogues of morphine. Moreover, an orgasm spurs the production of estrogen with women - the substance, which eases premenstrual pains.
  • There is nothing wrong with masturbation AT ALL! It's your body and you can do what you want with it as long as it is in private and doesn't affect anybody else. It relieves stress and tension, surely that's good for you? Happy self-loving!
  • Agreed. It's all perfectly normal and good, clean fun. What's more, the fantasies you have during masturbation can provide useful pointers to your sexual orientation. :) So, merry masturbation! Relax and enjoy!
  • There is nothing wrong if you masturbate but over-indulgence on anything is bad. Like eating is good for health; it gives you feeling of satisfaction but over-eating kills you. Same way masturbation will satisfy you, re-energize you, but addiction of masturbation will make you maladjusted with your environment. You will not be motivated to study hard, work hard or find a good girlfriend/boyfriend for yourself as you are already getting high-satisfaction with less effort. Masturbation serves a basic need but it should not interfere with your basic duties of life.
  • Excessive masturbation consumes you and takes your spiritual energy, exactly like excessive sex intercourse, this energy called "LifeForce" you may heard of it, the more you waste this energy the quicker you get old, the life force is vital to maintain your body healthy, in ancient times it is referred to one of the secrets of Immortality.
  • Life force is the urge by a being to go forth and multiply and some times masturbation is a healthy and Invigorating method of relieving this natural pressure God build us with open eyes and mind.
  • Don't feel ashamed when you do it. Because everyone does it.
  • Masturbation IS mentioned in the bible, and usually prohibited (see Onan), which is as good a reason as any to enjoy doing it, (depending on how you interprete the episode, as he was simply accused of denying descendence by refusing to impregnate the woman he was having sex with) by ejaculating outside her). We stopped stoning witches (well, most of the time) or killing our daughters that kissed a non-Hebrew man, and most people eat fish these days as well, so I don't see any reason why you should concern yourself with whether or not the Bible mentions it.
  • Masturbation is healthy for both males and females; it allows a person to experiment with what arouses them and makes them feel more in control of their sexuality. While some people just aren't interested in masturbation, there's no reason to have feelings of guilt or shame if you do masturbate.
  • Apparently, for men, it reduces the chances of getting prostate cancer. Holding it in just makes it worse.
  • Actually according to Robin Baker, author of Sperm Wars: The Science of Sex, masturbation is the body's mechanism for getting rid of geriatric sperm. As explained in the book only 1% of an ejaculate population is actually designed to be egg getters (young). The other 99% are either killer sperm (young) or sperm-blocking sperm (malformed geriatric sperm that clog the passageways in cervical mucus so that other sperm cannot get by). The body produces 10,000 sperm per second eventually populating the lower portion of the epididymis with older sperm at the front of the line. For single men, masturbation is a sound sexual strategy because it gets rid of the geriatric sperm and creates a new young/old ratio. Younger sperm have a higher chance of defeating any populating army they may encounter. Males in relationships will usually keep a population of sperm of 500 million in their mate at any given time (depending on certain factors). This population will have a higher mix of geriatric or defensive sperm to fend off an invading army. The author also suggests that behavior that discourages masturbation in society (which happens often) in effect increases the sexual productivity of persons discouraging the act because it increases the chances of their own sperm army against any invading army.
  • For women, masturbation is also a sexual strategy and has added health benefits. The speed of which cervical mucus flows will directly effect how strong their cervical filter is. The increased speed of cervical mucus not only fights off infections due to foreign invaders, but it also regulates the number of sperm that passes the cervix and invades the womb. In this way, if a woman has multiple partners, she can either help or hinder one of the partners sperm army against the other.
  • It's perfectly normal to start masturbating at 14 despite what some may think. Some think it is a bad idea and so will come up with lots of things to stop you doing it, they might say your hands will become hairy or your eyesight will grow bad, etc. but trust me Ive been masturbating for years now and I'm fine. it says below that 2 years after beginning to masturbate you will stop growing yet more than 2 years after starting I'm still growing and I'm one of the tallest in my class and yes my arms are the same length. ignore the crazy dude below hes just a fanatic but listen to the others, they have good advice. but if by this question you meant that you are worried you are starting too late or early rather than being worried about starting at all, then don't worry. it is perfectly normal to start at any age. i know someone who started when he was 11, but I also know someone who started when he was 15. trust me, there is no "right time" to start apart from when YOU feel you want to. trust me.
  • Masturbation is very normal. It is not a bad thing and nature's way. Of course I wouldn't make a career out of it. Younger men often masturbate and men will masturbate almost throughout their lives. Sometimes it's a necessity (if a man isn't with a woman at the present time) to just wants to feel the pleasure it produces. To masturbate constantly and not have a life is not healthy. Masturbation will often take the place of the actual sex act, and it also can be used during the sex act with your partner to excite each other.
  • Masturbation can be used to help one relax or even fall asleep during periods of insomnia. It can also be used to help rid depression.
  • It is perfectly safe. You may have heard of going blind from masturbating, but that is a total myth. The only thing you should worry about is from masturbating too much and getting sore.


Educational Methods and Theories
Teaching Resources
General Educational Development (GED)

Systematic instructional planning process?

Systematic instructional planning can be done by a systematic academic educated person. Other wise it will be torch in the hands of a blind man.

Teaching Resources
Law & Legal Issues

What is eclectic approach?

eclectic (adjective) means deriving things from a variety of sources. The word 'eclectic' is based on Greek eklegin, to select. A person with an eclectic taste in music likes music of many different types, selected from a wide variety of musical genres. An eclectic approach would be one using a variety of methods of approaching/tackling/addressing/'dealing with' a subject/problem/challenge/task.

Teaching Resources

What are instructional materials?

These are materials that are used to aid in the transference of information from one to another. For example, a teacher may use instructional materials to aid in the learning of subject matter for a class. These instructional materials could include:

  • Power Point presentations (visual aids)
  • Books
  • Articles
  • Materials for project development

The list can go on and on. Some call them instructional materials, while others may call them learning or teaching aids.

Entertainment & Arts
Teaching Resources
Newspapers and Magazines

Discuss the presentation of gender in the mass mediahow media is projecting masculinity on the name of heroism?

Gender and Mass Media: Representation of Women's Images in Television Commercials


At the beginning of the twenty-first century, Ukraine is undergoing complex and lengthy political, economic, and social transformations related to a gradual change from an administrative and command model to a democratic model of society, including the construction of civil society. Such transformations are accompanied by the necessity to create a democratic culture of society and its integral part-gender culture. A powerful tool to create and communicate gender democracy and gender culture of society are media-technologies which have become an integral part of people's everyday lives and part of Ukrainian culture. Mass media are able to legitimate gender ideas and notions shaped by gender politics and ideology, and to increase the probability of their reception by audiences. The efficacy of gender culture formation depends both on state gender politics and on gender strategies and ideology of mass media and the images presented by them.

The importance of this module is defined by a necessity to re-think gender aspects of mass media in Ukraine and, in particular, of TV commercials as one of the most effective tools of gender construction and socialization. A review of Ukrainian advertisement context (1990-2004) through the lens of gender permits us to observe gender culture of the society during the past 14 years and evaluate its dynamics. A comparative analysis of American and Ukrainian TV (commercial) contexts presents common and distinctive traits in gender culture and politics of both countries.

Target audience:

Masters level students of journalism, sociology and other social science fields, as well as journalists who are interested in gender research.

Academic Aims:

To reveal the role of TV commercials in creation of gender stereotypes, to develop analytical skills for deconstructing the gendered nature of TV commercials, and to expose sexism in TV commercials.

Learning objectives:

1. Students/practitioners will understand how gender stereotypes are presented in TV commercials.

2. Students/practitioners will be able to analyze TV commercials using a gender approach.

3. Students/practitioners will develop a gender tolerant attitude and gender sensitive approach regarding women's images presented by commercials in Ukrainian TV space (national, regional, and cable).

Key questions for the module:

1. What do women's images presented by commercials within Ukrainian TV space communicate to the audience about a woman's role at home, at work, in political and social life?

2. In what ways are images of women's appearance and self-representation presented in commercials within Ukrainian TV space?

3. How do contemporary images in TV commercials reflect traditional women's images in Ukrainian society?

4. How have women's images presented by commercials within Ukrainian TV space changed during the past decade due to transformational processes within Ukrainian society ?

Module requirements: independent study of the recommended literature, participation in discussions, application of content-analysis and «media-mirror» method to the research of Ukrainian informational society within module topic.

Key concepts:

Androcentrism is a deep-rooted cultural tradition, which reduces common human subjectivity/subjectivities to a single man's norm represented as universal objectivity, meanwhile other subjectivities and, first of all, woman's, are represented as deviation and marginality. Androcentrism is not simply a perspective on the world from man's point of view, but passing off man's normative conceptions and life models for general universal social norms and life models.

Gender is a concept which defines social gender of a person as opposite to his/her biological sex. Gender presents a social role status, which defines social opportunities in education, professional sphere, and access to power, family roles, and reproductive behaviour.

Gender democracy is a system of expression of will of two genders-women and men in the civil society as equals in opportunities and rights fixed by law and provided by political and legal principles, actions, and the creation of social and state structures which take into consideration gender interests and needs.

Gender differentiation is defined as a process within which biological differences between men and women are given a social meaning and used as means of social classification.

Gender identity is a basic structure of social identity, which characterizes a person (an individual) according to her/his belonging to female or male group; the most important is how the person categorizes herself/himself.

Gender culture is a combination of gender role values in social spheres of being and needs, interests, and forms of activities corresponding to them; it is defined by the institutions of society connected with the activities.

Gender politics is how the genders define and realize political goals, tasks, and methods of their achievement within activities of political structures-state, political parties, and social and political organizations.

Gender equity is a process of development of a just attitude toward and treatment of women and men. To provide justice, criteria have to be developed to compensate historical and social obstacles, which hamper men and women to exist under equal conditions. Justice leads to equal rights.

Gender equality is an equal evaluation of women and men by society.

Gender role is a type of a social role, a set of expected patterns of behaviour (or norms) for women and men. Gender role is understood as execution of certain social prescriptions, i.e. corresponding behaviour to a certain gender expressed by speech, manners, cloths, gestures, etc.

Gender strategies define socially meaningful gender trends in activities and their organizational structures, directed to establish gender democracy in the society for development of gender culture.

Gender stratification is a process by which gender becomes a foundation for ranking people in a social stratification system.

Gender stereotypes are common concepts (beliefs) formed in culture about how actual men and women behave. The term should not be confused with the concept of "gender role" which means a set of expected behavior patterns (or norms) for women and men. The appearance of gender stereotypes is a result of historical construction of a gender relations model where gender differences were situated above individual, qualitative differences of personality of man or woman.

Masculinity presents a system of attitudes, characteristics of behavior, opportunities/possibilities and expectations, which determine social practice of a group unified by the category of male gender. In other words, masculinity is that which is added to anatomy to obtain a man's role.

Sexism is an ideology and practice of discrimination against people on basis of their gender. It is based on sets and beliefs according to which women (or men) are falsely prescribed (or denied) certain qualities.

Feminism is a theory and practice of gender equity/equality developed on the basis of women's movements for emancipation. Often it is interpreted more broadly as various activities directed to protect women's rights based on ideas about legal gender equality. Feminism appeared as an acknowledgement of the fact that there is injustice in social evaluation of women.

Femininity consists of characteristics related to woman's gender or typical forms of behavior expected from a woman in the society. It was traditionally assumed that femininity is biologically predetermined, and it prescribed such traits as passivity, responsiveness, softness, desire of motherhood, attentiveness, emotionality, etc. These ideas corresponded to women's belonging to domestic/private, non-public sphere.

Session 1

Introduction to gender (See also Introduction to Gender Studies module)

Definition of key notions: gender, sex, gender role, gender identity, gender differentiation, gender stratification, gender socialization, gender stereotypes, femininity, masculinity, androcentrism, patriarchy, and feminism. Also, discussion of sociology of gender, as a subject and object of studies, and a problematic field in Ukrainian society.

Teaching Resources
Nursery Rhymes
Secondary Education
Primary and Elementary School

Sample of brief lesson plan?

as it is... brief, means a type of a lesson plan which is simple and short... easy to understand. :D

Acronyms & Abbreviations
Teaching Resources

What is full form of the IAS-PCS?

I . A . S is Indian Administrative Services

P. C . S is Public Civil Service

Learning Theories
Teaching Resources

What are branches of curriculum theories?

Formal,informal,non formal

Learning Theories
Teaching Resources

What are the determinants of educational curriculum?

I need information on the determinants of curriculum

Teaching Resources

Document based assessment activities for global history classes?

What were three accomplishments of the Sumerians?

Teaching Resources
Learning Theories

Importance of instructional materials in the teaching process?

  • Relevance: Materials can be produced that are directly relevant to students' and institutional needs and that reflect local content, issues, and concerns. Develop expertise: Developing materials can help develop expertise among staff, giving them a greater understanding of the characteristics of effective materials.
  • Reputation: Institutionally prepared materials may enhance the reputation of the institution by demonstrating its commitment to providing materials specifically for its students.
  • Flexibility: Materials produced within the institution can be revised or adapted as needed, giving them greater flexibility than a commercial course book.
Mobile Phones
Learning Theories
Teaching Resources

Full form of BTS?

Bangtan boy stan

Teaching Resources
Primary and Elementary School

What are the types of instructional materials for classroom use?

all the
1)audio aids
2)visual aids
3) audio-visual aids

School Subjects
Teaching Resources

How much does kumon cost?

$85-$115 per month per subject, depending on location (all Kumon centers set their own prices). A placement test is given, which is free of charge.


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