The Free Soil Party was an example of a an?
a single issue party
The Free-Soil Party was a political party in the U.S. from 1845-1852 and their slogan was 'Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor and Free Men' this was inscribed on their banner. The Free Soil Party contended that slavery undermined the dignity of labor it also said it inhibited social mobility, and was therefore fundamentally not the Democratic Party.
The Free-Soil Party opposed the expansion of slavery into the Western territories. The Free-Soil Party did not have a candidate in the 1860 election. The new Republican Party was founded replacing the Free-Soil Party. In the 1860 election the Republican Party nominated Abraham Lincoln with a platform that promised not to interfere with slavery in the states, but opposed the further extension of slavery into the territories.
The Free Soil Party was founded to help prevent the spread of slavery and slave owners into the western territories. Some members even wanted to ban free blacks from the territories. The Party believed in many of Jefferson's ideals, such as the small, family farm being the backbone of the nation. Their slogan was, "Free Soil! Free Speech! Free Men!"
In addition to opposing the extension of slavery, the platform backed a homestead law and a tariff for revenue. The party slogan was "free soil, free speech, free labor, and free men." Though carrying no states for president, the party did elect two U.S. senators and fourteen representatives. It was absorbed into the newly formed Republican party in 1854.