Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Adolf Hitler

Was hitler elected to power?

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2016-01-10 00:44:09

In a way, yes.

Germany uses a form of parliamentary governance, similar to what

many other countries, including Britain and Canada. In a

parliamentary government, the party that holds the most seats in

the parliament typically gets to choose one of their members to be

the prime minister. It is very different from the United States,

where Congress and the President are almost totally separate.

In short, Hitler made a political alliance with two other

right-wing parties in 1933. Under this coalition, on January 30,

1933, Hitler was appointed chancellor (prime minister) by the

President (who functions similar to the Queen in Britain- largely

ceremonial but technically very powerful). After the appointment,

Hitler arranged for elections in March.

Just before the elections, the Reichstag (Parliament) building

was set on fire. Hitler convinced the President that Communists

were about to start a rebellion, and the President made a special

emergency law that allowed Hitler to arrest Communists. Hitler did

so, but abused the law, and also arrested political opponents. He

also had his own Nazi "Brownshirts" attack and intimidate people

into voting for the Nazi Party.

When the elections were held, Hitler's coalition was able to win

a super-majority in the Reichstag; winning the election meant

Hitler was now secure in his position as chancellor. With a

super-majority, the coalition could pass any laws they wanted-

including amendments to the constitution. The coalition almost

immediately passed the "Enabling Act", which amended the

constitution to basically give almost all government power to

Hitler himself.

At this point, Hitler had become the dictator of Germany. He

still had to consolidate his position, and eliminate any remaining

political opponents (including the other right-wing parties that he

had just been allied with; and even some Nazis who he distrusted).

He also changed the government to better fit his political views.

Once the President died in August 1934, Hitler was the undisputed

master of Germany. He did not hold elections for a new president-

instead, he merged the office of chancellor with the office of

president, creating a new position, "Fuehrer" ("Leader"), which

only Hitler himself held.

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