What are Kantians in bioethics?
Bioethics is the branch of ethics that deals with ethical questions that arise in connection with biology.
The chief topic in ethics is the rightness or wrongness of acts, which are decisions either to do something or to refrain from doing something. In general, there are three schools of thought about what makes acts right or wrong.
Kantians, who are also called "deontologists," think it is some feature of the act itself (such as its intention).
Consequentialists think it is some feature of the consequences or the act.
A mixed theory holds that both some feature of the act itself and some feature of its consequences count in a moral evaluation of an act.
So a Kantian in bioethics is someone who thinks that the consequences of a bioethical act are irrelevant to its moral evaluation as right or wrong.