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Prefixes Suffixes and Root Words

What are examples of prefixes and suffixes?

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July 18, 2012 3:32PM

A prefix is a syllable placed in front of a word to add or to change its meaning.

Prefix -- Meaning -- Example

1) anti -- against, opposite -- anti-fungal, antidepressant

2) auto -- self -- autograph, automobile

3) bi -- two -- bicycle, bivalve

4) con -- with -- contact, conform, converse

5) un -- not -- unconvincing, unnatural, unprepared

6) re -- again -- revisit, reenter

7) a, an -- not, without -- amoral, anesthetic, apolitical, asocial

8) ab -- away from -- abduction, abstain, abnormal

9) ambi -- both -- ambidextrous, ambivalent

10) centro, centri -- around, center -- concentric, centrifugal

11) dis -- apart, not -- disengage, discord, discomfort

A suffix is a set of letters added at the end of a word to make another word or as an inflexion. It can alter the spelling of words when changing the part of speech.

Suffix -- Meaning -- Example

1) -er -- doer -- teacher

2) -able -- able to -- unbelievable

3) -ous -- full of -- dangerous

4) -ness -- state of being -- happiness

5) -ful -- full of -- wonderful

6) -ly or y --like -- gently, wintry

7) -ment --state of -- government

8) -cide -- kill(ing) -- patricide, infanticide, herbicide, suicide

9) -logy -- study field of -- biology, geology, etymology, cardiology

10) -phobia -- exaggerated fear -- photophobia, claustrophobia, agoraphobia