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Primary Reserves

Primary reserves consist of cash on hand in the bank and deposits owed to it by other banks. These are also called the legal reserves. From this cash on hand tellers are able to meet customer demands for withdrawals, exchanges, and loans. Any excess reserves may be invested in larger banks in the form of the loans; in the United States these are called federal funds.

Total cash required to support the operations of a bank, legal or mandatory reserve requirements, and uncollected checks. Primary reserves cannot be loaned or invested, but may be used in a liquidity crisis caused by sudden and heavy cash withdrawals by bank's depositors.

Secondary Reserves

Assets invested in short-term marketable securities, usually Treasury bills and short-term government securities. legal-reservekept in a Federal Reserve Bank don't earn interest, but secondary reserves are a source of supplemental liquidity. These earn interest and can be used to adjust a bank's reserve position. If loan demand is slow, deposit funds often are invested in short-term securities that are easily converted to cash. Secondary reserves are not listed as a separate balance sheet item.

Securities purchased by a bank for investment purposes are known as secondary reserves. In the United States, much of this investment is in municipals-bonds and notes issued by local or state governments. Banks also buy bills, notes, and bonds issued by the United States Treasury and securities issued by other federal agencies. All such securities are low-risk investments. …

Priti Upadhyay( GZB) ( priti.up@gmail.com)

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โˆ™ 2010-06-20 05:59:09
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Q: What are primary and secondary reserves?
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