What are the advantages and disadvantages of a breeder reactor?
A breeder reactor produce more fissile material than consume. I
suppose that very serious disadvantages doesn't exist.
What are breeder reactors and How are they different from regular nuclear reactors and What are their advantages and disadvantages?
Breeder reactors create the fuel that they use. Where many reactors use plutonium as fuel, in a breeder reactor you can put in U238 into the reactor (when it is about 1/2 empty, not completely empty) and while the reactor is burning the rest of its fuel, it will convert that U238 into Plutonium for it to use. That way, you only need to use Uranium mined straight from the Earth and do not need…
The purpose of a breeder reactor is to produce fissile fuel from non-fissile material. Thus plutonium can be bred from uranium238 which is the most common form of uranium but is not itself fissile. Another route is to breed Uranium 233 from thorium. Of course the breeder reactor would also produce electricity.