What are the basic problems in Myanmar?


Problems of Myanmar:


The basic problems of Myanmar can be classified into three areas: poverty, dictatorship, and illegal markets. First, the economy is improvised and largely based on sustenance agriculture where people are just trying to survive. In such poverty healthcare and education are unaffordable. Myanmar is one of the poorest nations in the world with a per capita income of under $500 per year which is similar to Afghanistan's. Therefore, it is one of the 25 poorest nations in the world out of almost 200 nations. The second, and most dire, problem is the tyrannous dictatorship now ruling the nation. A small group of military leaders and their family and friends use the nation's resources to benefit themselves or increase the military in order to keep control. The military has doubled from 400,000 over the last decade. All land is technically owned by the government. Rich resources like oil, natural gas, timber, gold, and gems are exploited for the benefit of the ruling class. Hydroelectric dams are displacing thousands as well as forced emigration of ethnic groups the regime doesn't like. Agricultural chemicals are overused, or illegal chemicals, are used to increase crop yields thus destroying the environment so as to build a cash export rice crop. Malnutrition ravages the people of Myanmar due to the best land being used for export markets. Even the forests are being depleted for export. Third, illegal border and trans-border markets are increasing illegal trade. Tiger and leopard skins are sold to rich foreign souvenir hunters, live turtles sold almost to extinction, Asian elephants killed for ivory, and humans trafficked like animals of burden. Young boys and girls are often sold by their family's in desperation due to lack of food or opportunities. These children are sold as servants or sex slaves mostly in Thailand but also to other Asian nations. I, Thaddeus Andreski, have been a social studies teacher for seven years now and stay abreast of conditions in Asia and the world.