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Judaism

What are the core beliefs of Judaism?

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2017-07-18 20:51:23

The philosophy of Judaism is that this world is a purposeful

creation by God, in which all people are tested concerning their

use of free-will. We possess a soul which lives on after the body

dies and is held responsible for the person's actions. Anyone who

is worthy, Jewish or not, can merit reward in the afterlife.

Here is a list of the most basic beliefs of Judaism, as collated

by Maimonides:

1. God exists, and is the Creator.

2. God is One and unique.

3. God is not physical.

4. God is eternal.

5. Prayer is to be directed only to God.

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6. The words of the prophets are true.

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The prophecies of the Hebrew Bible have been coming true throughout

history. Even secular archaeologists (the unbiased ones) have

stated that the Hebrew Bible is the most accurate of historical

records, as the disdainful theories of Wellhausen and Bible-critics

of his ilk have been shattered by the archaeologist's spade. A list

of Bible verses which were deemed anachronistic but later shown to

be perfectly accurate would run into the many hundreds.

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7. The prophecies of Moses are true; and he was the greatest

prophet.

8. The Torah was given to Moses by God.

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9. There will be no other Torah.

10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of all.

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11. God rewards the good and punishes the wicked.

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12. The Messiah will come.

13. The dead will be resurrected.

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2017-01-06 13:25:02

The

"http://www.answers.com/Q/Is_judaism_a_religion_or_philosophy"

target="_blank">philosophy of Judaism is that this world is a

purposeful creation by God*, in which all people are tested

concerning their use of free-will. We possess a soul which lives on

after the body dies and is held responsible for the person's

actions. Anyone who is worthy, Jewish or not, can merit reward in

the afterlife.

Here is a list of the most basic beliefs of Judaism, as collated

by Maimonides:

1. God exists, and is the Creator.

This tells us that the world is not purposeless or chaotic. Life is

the result of a deliberate, purposeful, intelligent and kind

Creator; not a melancholy chaos or a string of fortuitous

accidents.

2. God is One and unique.

This is the basis of all Western monotheistic belief, which was

given to the world by Abraham and his descendants. This belief

places God at the center of reality and of our world-outlook and

thoughts.

3. God is not physical.

This includes the corollary that no person should be worshiped

as God or as a god. Judaism has no god-kings, no demigods, no angel

who flouts God's will, and no sports-idols, movie-idols etc.


4. God is eternal.

This includes the belief that God's ways are also eternal. God is

not capricious, forgetful or fickle. Investing in a relationship

with God is the only thing that will bear eternal benefits.


5. Prayer is to be directed only to God.

This also teaches us that no person, government or institution is

to be accorded blind trust. We pray directly to God, three times a

day; and we recount our shortcomings, ask for our needs, and

acknowledge our successes with happy thanks.


6. The words of the prophets are true.

The prophecies of the Hebrew Bible have been coming true throughout

history. Even secular archaeologists (the unbiased ones) have

stated that the Hebrew Bible is the most accurate of historical

records, as the disdainful theories of Wellhausen and Bible-critics

of his ilk have been shattered by the archaeologist's spade. A list

of Bible verses which were deemed anachronistic but later shown to

be perfectly accurate would run into the many hundreds.

7. The prophecies of Moses are true; and he was the greatest

prophet.

8. The Torah was given to Moses by God.

These two beliefs are the basis of our attitude towards the Torah:

it is the center of our lives. Jews are keeping mitzvot (commands),

saying blessings, praying, learning Torah and doing acts of

kindness and charity all the time. The Torah is the single greatest

thing that a Jew has; given to us to provide knowledge, guidance,

inspiration, awe and reverence, advice, law, comfort, history and

more. It is the basis of Judaism.


9. There will be no other Torah.

We Jews have been around for 3800 years. New fads, manifestos,

beliefs or lifestyles which rear their heads are met by the Jew

with a calm, seasoned eye and the proverbial grain of salt. The

Torah doesn't change; and every new thing can be measured against

the Torah's standards.


10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of all.

11. God rewards the good and punishes the wicked.

These two beliefs provide a vast incentive towards righteousness

and, when needed, repentance.

They also form part of the basis of our belief in the afterlife,

since this entire world wouldn't be enough to reward a Moses or

punish a Hitler.

God is just (Deuteronomy 32:4); and all outstanding accounts are

settled after this life.


12. The Messiah will come.

13. The dead will be resurrected.

Judaism is the only ancient religion which taught optimism; and

a large part of that optimism was and is based upon the words of

the prophets.


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