Asked in Religion & SpiritualityJudaismTanakh and Talmud
What are the holy day of judaism?
January 27, 2015 5:06PM
Many of these holidays are found in Leviticus ch.23. The holidays begin at sunset and last until after nightfall around 25 hours later.
- Shabbat - every Saturday (from Friday at sunset until Saturday after twilight)
- Rosh Hashanah - the Jewish New Year, 2 days
- Yom Kippur - a fast day, the Day of Atonement, 1 day
- Pesach - Passover - 7 or 8 days
- Shavuot - Feast of Weeks; Yom HaBikurim - 1 or 2 days
- Sukkot - Feast of Booths - 7 days
- Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah - 1 or 2 days
Minor holidays and occasions (in which work is not forbidden):
- Rosh Chodesh - the new moon, every 29 or 30 days
- Hanukkah - Festival of Lights - 8 days
- Tu Bishvat - New Year of the Trees - 1 day
- Purim - 1 day, followed by 1 day of Shushan Purim
- Sefirah - Counting of the Omer - 49 days
- Lag Ba'omer - 1 day
- The Three Weeks and the Nine Days (days of mourning preceding Tisha b'Av; see below)
- Tu B'Av - 1 day
- Tzom Gedalya; the day after Rosh Hashanah
- Asara B'Tevet - 10th of the month of Tevet
- Ta'anit Esther - the day before Purim
- Shiva Asar B'Tamuz - 17th of Tamuz
- Tisha B'Av - 9th of the month of Av
Each festival has its specific laws:
- On Rosh Hashanah, the shofar (ram's horn) is blown, to mark the beginning of the Jewish year.http://www.answers.com/Q/What_is_Rosh_Hashanah
- Yom Kippur is a fast day on which Jews pray for forgiveness for all their sins. No eating, drinking, or bathing is allowed. Wearing leather shoes is also prohibited.
- On Pesach, leavened bread, cakes, pasta etc. are forbidden; and unleavened Matzah is eaten. Passover begins with the Seder-meal, commemorating and retelling the story of the Exodus. Matzah and ceremonial foods are eaten at the Seder.
- On Shavuot the custom is to stay up all night studying Torah to mark the date that God gave the Ten Commandments.
- On Sukkot, Jews eat all their meals in outdoor arbor-canopied booths (Sukkah) in order to commemorate the Israelites' wanderings in the desert. Some will also sleep in the Sukkah. During the morning prayers on these days, we take the 4 minim consisting of a Lulav (young palm branch), an Etrog (Citrus Medica; citron), three Haddassim (Myrtle branches) and two Aravot (willow branches).
- On Hanukkah the 8-branched menora is lit in the home; on the first night one candle, on the 2nd night 2 candles, until all 8 candles are lit on the 8th night.
- On Purim the story of Esther is read from a Megillat-Esther scroll and food baskets are given to friends and charity to the poor.http://www.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_Jewish_tradition_concerning_Esther?