Alphabet History
English to Greek

What are the letters of the greek alphabet?

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2015-09-20 16:40:57

Lower Case Upper Case Name Traditional

English Transliteration Modern Greek Pronunciation

Reconstructed Classical Pronunciation (before 300

BC/BCE)

Alpha a a as in father a as in father

Beta b v as in vote b as in boat

Gamma g g as in go, but before vowels such as iota and

epsilon, y as in yet, and before gamma, kappa, xi, or chi,

n as in sing g as in go, but before gamma, kappa, xi,

or chi, n as in sing

Delta d th as in then (but not thin); contrast theta

below d as in dog

E-psilon e e as in set e as in set

Zeta z z as in zoo sd as in wisdom (Notice that

the s is voiced like the z in zoo)

Eta e ee (/i/) as in meet e as in set, but

held longer

Theta th th as in thin (but not then); contrast delta

above asperated t as in top (but not as in stop)

Iota i ee (/i/) as in meet or y as in yet

short iota as i in it; long iota as ee (/i/)

in meet

Kappa k ck as in sack unaspirated ck as in nickle,

but not aspirated k as in kite

Lambda l /l/ as in light /l/ as in light

Mu m /m/ as in mouse /m/ as in mouse

Nu n /n/ as in nose /n/ as in nose

Xi ks /ks/ as in kicks or x as in ax /ks/

as in kicks or x as in ax

O-micron o /o/ as in tote or boat /o/ as in tote

or boat

Pi p /p/ as in pan unaspirated p as in sap, but

not aspirated as in pass

Rho r /r/ more like the Spanish trilled r than English r.

a trilled /r/ like the Spanish r, not like English r.

Sigma s /s/ as in sister /s/ as in sister, but

z as in zoo before beta, gamma, delta, and mu

Tau t unaspirated /t/ as in stop (but unlike top)

unaspirated /t/ as in stop (but unlike top)

U-psilon u or y Like German ü short upsilon like

the u in French tu; long upsilon has the same

sound, but held twice as long

Phi pH /f/ as in fan or pHone aspirated p as in

pot (not as in spot)

Chi ch Not found in English. Much like Spanish "j". aspirated

k as in kit, but not in skit

Psi PS /PS/ as in liPS /PS/ as in liPS

O-mega

/o/ as in tote like the vowel sound in caught, but

not like the vowel sound in cot. If you pronounce

caught and cot the same, click here.


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