School Subjects
Parts of Speech
Latin to English

What are the principal parts of a Latin verb?

Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2010-06-03 05:22:29

When you look up a verb in a Latin dictionary, it will almost always give three or four words. These are the principal parts. For example, the principal parts of 'to love/like' are amo, amare, amavi, amatus.

The first part is the singular, 1st person, present, active, indicative form of the verb. In the case of 'to like', this is amo, which means 'I like'.

The second part is the present, active infintive. amare = 'to like'.

The third part is the 1st person, singular, perfect, active, indicative form. amavi = 'I liked/I have liked'.

The final part, which not all verbs have, is the masculine singular perfect passive participle. amatus = 'having been liked'. Usually, this can be translated into more natural-sounding English when in a sentence. Intransitive verbs (ones without a direct object, such as 'to walk' or 'to run', have no fourth part. (Some dictionaries give a different form, the supine, as the fourth principal part. This is a distinction without much of a difference, since the supine is identical to the participle except that it ends in -um instead of -us.)

In deponent verbs (verbs which are always formed in the passive voice, but which have an active meaning, such as conor, conari, conatus sum, 'to try', only ever have three parts, which are the same as the first three parts of a normal verb. by removing sum from the third part, we can find the perfect active participle (only deponent verbs have perfect active participles instead of perfect passive participles); in this case, conatus, 'having tried'.

User Avatar

Your Answer


Still have questions?

Related Questions

Examples of three principal parts of verb?

Examples of three principal parts of verb?past tense

What rhymes with fence and belongs from principal parts of a verb?


What are the five principal parts of a verb?

The five principal parts of a verb are: Infinitive, Present, Past, Present Participle, Past Participle.

How many principal parts has a verb?


What is the latin root word for reading?

The principal parts of the verb "to read" (which is how Latin verbs are listed in dictionaries) are "lego, legere, lexi, lectum." There are a few ways to say "reading" in Latin, but the roots of the verb are: leg- lex- ("lexicon") lect- ("lecture")

What are the principal parts of the verb?

it is something that something can be acted as something

All verb tenses are formed using the?

Principal Parts

What are the principal parts of the verb cry?

The principle parts cry are: is crying, cried, and has cried

How do you translate the 4th principal part of a latin verb?

"Having been 'verb'ed."

How do you translate the 3rd principal part of a Latin verb?

The third principal part of a Latin verb is the first-person perfect indicative. There are two main translations into English: the past tense "I ed", and the present perfect "I have ed". So, for example, the word amavi (the third principal part of amo, amare, amavi, amatus, "to love") is:I lovedI have loved

What are the three principal parts of the verb sink?

sink sank sunk

Is fract greek or latin?

Latin. It is from fractum, the fourth principal part (past participle/supine) of the verb frangere, "to break into pieces."

What does aperire mean in latin?

aperire it the third principal part of the verb aperio. It means to open.

What are the principal parts of sing?

The principal parts of a verb are the forms of the verb that you need to know in order to derive all the verb's possible forms. For "sing" these are:present tense: singpast tense: sangpast participle: sung

What is the word seem for the principal parts of verbs?

"Seem" has a present indicative tense, generally considered the first principal part of a verb.

4 principal parts of a verb?

Base form participle past past participle

What relates to the principal parts of words that show action or states of being?

Verb Form

What is the Latin word for to fall?

decido, (2nd and 3rd principal parts: decidere, decidi)

What are the four principal parts of the latin word video?

Video, videre, vidi, visus.

What are the 4 principal parts of the latin word Volvo?

The principal parts of Volvo are:Volvovolverevolvivolutus (or volutum, depending on whether you cite the past participle or the supine as the 4th PP)

What is the Latin root of factory?

Factory is a derivative of the fourth principal part of the verb facio, facere, feci, factum= to make or to do

Which principal part is this verb form?

there is no verb

How many principal parts of a verb are there and what are they?

It depends on the language. Most modern European languages have two priciple parts; some languages, such as Classical Greek have six.

How do you conjugate the verb awake?

Conjugation in English is regular in all but a few verbs. Problems are usually in the principal parts. Principal parts of to awake ( a weakened, intransitive form of to awaken) are: awake, awaking, awoke, awoken. Awaked is rare.

What is the latin verb for you?

'You' is not a verb, it is a noun. In Latin, the noun 'you' would be translated 'tu.'