When you look up a verb in a Latin dictionary, it will almost always give three or four words. These are the principal parts. For example, the principal parts of 'to love/like' are amo, amare, amavi, amatus.
The first part is the singular, 1st person, present, active, indicative form of the verb. In the case of 'to like', this is amo, which means 'I like'.
The second part is the present, active infintive. amare = 'to like'.
The third part is the 1st person, singular, perfect, active, indicative form. amavi = 'I liked/I have liked'.
The final part, which not all verbs have, is the masculine singular perfect passive participle. amatus = 'having been liked'. Usually, this can be translated into more natural-sounding English when in a sentence. Intransitive verbs (ones without a direct object, such as 'to walk' or 'to run', have no fourth part. (Some dictionaries give a different form, the supine, as the fourth principal part. This is a distinction without much of a difference, since the supine is identical to the participle except that it ends in -um instead of -us.)
In deponent verbs (verbs which are always formed in the passive voice, but which have an active meaning, such as conor, conari, conatus sum, 'to try', only ever have three parts, which are the same as the first three parts of a normal verb. by removing sum from the third part, we can find the perfect active participle (only deponent verbs have perfect active participles instead of perfect passive participles); in this case, conatus, 'having tried'.
Examples of three principal parts of verb?past tense
The five principal parts of a verb are: Infinitive, Present, Past, Present Participle, Past Participle.
The principal parts of the verb "to read" (which is how Latin verbs are listed in dictionaries) are "lego, legere, lexi, lectum." There are a few ways to say "reading" in Latin, but the roots of the verb are: leg- lex- ("lexicon") lect- ("lecture")
it is something that something can be acted as something
The principle parts cry are: is crying, cried, and has cried
"Having been 'verb'ed."
The third principal part of a Latin verb is the first-person perfect indicative. There are two main translations into English: the past tense "I ed", and the present perfect "I have ed". So, for example, the word amavi (the third principal part of amo, amare, amavi, amatus, "to love") is:I lovedI have loved
sink sank sunk
Latin. It is from fractum, the fourth principal part (past participle/supine) of the verb frangere, "to break into pieces."
aperire it the third principal part of the verb aperio. It means to open.
The principal parts of a verb are the forms of the verb that you need to know in order to derive all the verb's possible forms. For "sing" these are:present tense: singpast tense: sangpast participle: sung
"Seem" has a present indicative tense, generally considered the first principal part of a verb.
Base form participle past past participle
decido, (2nd and 3rd principal parts: decidere, decidi)
Video, videre, vidi, visus.
The principal parts of Volvo are:Volvovolverevolvivolutus (or volutum, depending on whether you cite the past participle or the supine as the 4th PP)
Factory is a derivative of the fourth principal part of the verb facio, facere, feci, factum= to make or to do
there is no verb
It depends on the language. Most modern European languages have two priciple parts; some languages, such as Classical Greek have six.
Conjugation in English is regular in all but a few verbs. Problems are usually in the principal parts. Principal parts of to awake ( a weakened, intransitive form of to awaken) are: awake, awaking, awoke, awoken. Awaked is rare.
'You' is not a verb, it is a noun. In Latin, the noun 'you' would be translated 'tu.'