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Holy Orders

Anointing of the Sick

Answer from a Catholic (Catholics in Union with the Pope) Documentary evidence about details of the sacraments prior to twelfth century is hard to come by. The first available is the fourth Book of Sentences by Peter Lombard (d. 1164) who lists the seven sacraments. His contemporary theologians, who had rejected some of Lombard's other opinions, accepted this list unanimously, which strongly suggests that Lombard had set down information that had been held in the Church from time immemorial.

For more information regarding the institution of the Seven Sacraments of the Church, please see: This is an excerpt from the Catholic Encyclopedia:

III. ORIGIN (CAUSE) OF THE SACRAMENTS It might now be asked: in how far was it necessary that the matter and form of the sacraments should have been determined by Christ?

(1) Power of God The Council of Trent defined that the seven sacraments of the New Law were instituted by Christ (Sess. VII, can.i). This settles the question of fact for all Catholics. Reason tells us that all sacraments must come originally from God. Since they are the signs of sacred things in so far as by these sacred things men are sanctified (ST III:60:2); since the external rite (matter and form) of itself cannot give grace, it is evident that all sacraments properly so called must originate in Divine appointment. "Since the sanctification of man is in the power of God who sanctifies", writes St. Thomas (ST III:60:2), "it is not in the competency of man to choose the things by which he is to be sanctified, but this must be determined by Divine institution". Add to this that grace is, in some sense, a participation of the Divine nature (see GRACE) and our doctrine becomes unassailable: God alone can decree that by exterior ceremonies men shall be partakers of His nature.

(2) Power of Christ God alone is the principal cause of the sacraments. He alone authoritatively and by innate power can give to external material rites the power to confer grace on men. Christ as God, equally with the Father, possessed this principal, authoritative, innate power. As man He had another power which St. Thomas calls "the power of the principal ministry" or "the power of excellence" (III:64:3). "Christ produced the interior effects of the sacraments by meriting them and by effecting them. . . The passion of Christ is the cause of our justification meritoriously and effectively, not as the principal agent and authoritatively but as an instrument, inasmuch as His Humanity was the instrument of His Divinity" (III:64:3; cf. III:13:1, III:13:3). There is theological truth as well as piety in the old maxim: "From the side of Christ dying on the cross flowed the sacraments by which the Church was saved" (Gloss. Ord. in Rom.5: ST III:62:5). The principal efficient cause of grace is God, to whom the Humanity of Christ is as a conjoined instrument, the sacraments being instruments not joined to the Divinity (by hypostatic union): therefore the saving power of the sacraments passes from the Divinity of Christ, through His Humanity into the sacraments (ST III:62:5). One who weighs well all these words will understand why Catholics have great reverence for the sacraments. Christ's power of excellence consists in four things: (1) Sacraments have their efficacy from His merits and sufferings; (2) they are sanctified and they sanctify in His name;

(3) He could and He did institute the sacraments;

(4) He could produce the effects of the sacraments without the external ceremony (ST III:64:3). Christ could have communicated this power of excellence to men: this was not absolutely impossible (III:64:4). But,

(1) had He done so men could not have possessed it with the same perfection as Christ: "He would have remained the head of the Church principally, others secondarily" (III:64:3).

(2) Christ did not communicate this power, and this for the good of the faithful: (a) that they might place their hope in God and not in men;

(b) that there might not be different sacraments, giving rise to divisions in the Church (III:64:1). This second reason is mentioned by St. Paul (1 Corinthians 1:12-13): "every one of you saith: I indeed am of Paul; and I am of Apollo; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ. Is Christ divided? Was Paul then crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?"

(3) Immediate or Mediate Institution The Council of Trent did not define explicitly and formally that all the sacraments were instituted immediately by Christ. Before the council great theologians, e.g. Peter Lombard (IV Sent., d. xxiii), Hugh of St. Victor (De sac. II, ii) Alexander of Hales (Summa, IV, Q. xxiv, 1) held that some sacraments were instituted by the Apostles, using power that had been given to them by Jesus Christ. Doubts were raised especially about Confirmation and Extreme Unction. St. Thomas rejects the opinion that Confirmation was instituted by the Apostles. It was instituted by Christ, he holds, when he promised to send the Paraclete, although it was never administered whilst He was on earth, because the fullness of the Holy Ghost was not to be given until after the Ascension: "Christus instituit hoc sacramentum, non exhibendo, sed promittendo" (III. Q.lxii, a.1, ad 1um). The Council of Trent defined that the sacrament of Extreme Unction was instituted by Christ and promulgated by St. James (Sess. XIV, can.i). Some theologians, e.g. Becanus, Bellarmine, Vasquez, Gonet, etc. thought the words of the council (Sess. VII, can.i) were explicit enough to make the immediate institution of all the sacraments by Christ a matter of defined faith. They are opposed by Soto (a theologian of the council), Estius, Gotti, Tourn�ly, Berti, and a host of others, so that now nearly all theologians unite in saying: it is theologically certain, but not defined (de fide) that Christ immediately instituted all the sacraments of the New Law. In the decree "Lamentabili", 3 July, 1907, Pius X condemned twelve propositions of the Modernists, who would attribute the origin of the sacraments to some species of evolution or development. The first sweeping proposition is this: "The sacraments had their origin in this that the Apostles, persuaded and moved by circumstances and events, interpreted some idea and intention of Christ", (Demzinger-Bannwart, 2040). Then follow eleven propositions relating to each of the sacraments in order (ibid., 2041-51). These propositions deny that Christ immediately instituted the sacraments and some seem to deny even their mediate institution by the Saviour. Brief Answer 10/04/09 The short answer to the question is that the authorities in Catholic Church formally defined that there are seven sacraments on 3rd March 1547, though the Council issued further documents on specific sacraments until 1551.

  • Baptism
  • Confirmation
  • Eucharist
  • Confession
  • Anointing of the Sick
  • Holy Orders
  • Holy Matrimony
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Q: What are the seven sacraments observed by the Catholic Church?
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Related questions

What is the difference between Methodist and catholic?

Methodist church has only two sacraments whereas the catholic church has seven sacraments. Besides, the catholic church is hierarchical with the pope as the head, whereas the Methodist church is representative and has no church head.

Do the Catholic sacraments take their original rite from Judiasm?

The Catholic Church takes its origin from Judaism and many, if not all, of the Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church have roots in Judaic practices and Scripture.

What are the Eastern Catholic Sacraments?

.Catholic AnswerThe Catholic Church has the same seven sacraments the world over.

Does the Roman Catholic Church recognize the Russian Orthodox Church?

The Catholic Church believes that the Russian Orthodox Church is a legitimate Church because it has seven valid sacraments. However, the Catholic Church believes that the Catholic Church alone has the fullness of truth.

What are the 7 Sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church that were central to medieval Christian belief?

Catholic answerIt's just the Catholic Church, not the Roman Catholic Church. Roman is an epithet first commonly used in England after the protestant revolt to describe the Catholic Church. It is rarely used by the Catholic Church. .The seven sacraments are the same today as they were back then, and they have always been central to Christian belief, whether ancient, medieval, or modern:BaptismPenance (or Confession)ConfirmationHoly EucharistMatrimonyHoly OrdersAnointing (Extreme Unction)The Catholic Church further groups them in this way:-The Sacraments of Initiation (Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist)-Sacraments of Healing (Penance/Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick)-Sacraments at the Service of Communion (Holy Matrimony and Holy Orders)

How many sacraments?

In the Catholic Church there are seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, Eucharist, Marriage, Holy Orders and the Anointing of the sick.

How the church is a sacrament?

The church isn't a sacrament. The Catholic Church HAS seven sacraments, not all of them are received. The sacraments are baptism, reconciliation, first communion, confirmation, hold orders, marriage, and anointing of the sick.

What are the 7 sacraments of the Catholic Church?

Roman Catholic AnswerThe seven sacraments of the Church are Baptism, Confirmation, and the Most Holy Eucharist known as the sacraments of initiation. Penance, Matrimony, Holy Orders, and Anointing of the Sick, or Unction.

Why is it appropriate that a Catholic marriage takes place in a Church?

Marriage is one of the seven sacraments in the Church, and as such, must legally take place in a Church.

What beliefs did the catholic church affirm at the council of Trent?

seven sacraments , the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist

How many sacraments are observed in the Roman Catholic Church?

There are seven sacraments: Baptism Confirmation Penance (Reconciliation) Eucharist Matrimony Holy Orders Anointing of the Sick

How many sacraments did the pope allow to teach?

In the Catholic Church there are seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Penance, Eucharist, Marriage, Holy Orders and the Anointing of the sick.

What sets the Episcopal churches apart from other churches?

The Episcopal church was organized after the American Revolution. It opposes the death penalty and supported the civil rights movement. The Roman Catholic church have seven sacraments while the Episcopal church has two sacraments.

What are the seven sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church that were central to medieval Christian belief?

The sacraments are Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist (Holy Communion), Reconciliation, Anointing of The Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.

How many sacraments did the Medieval Catholic Church have?

Roman Catholic AnswerThe Church has had seven sacraments since Our Blessed Lord established the Church at Pentecost, no more, no less. This is not something that the Church can change. So, of course, in medieval times, they had exactly the same as they did at the beginning, and as they do now - Seven: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Matrimony, Holy Orders, and Anointing of the Sick.

What Catholic country had the Seven Sacraments?


What are the 7 sacraments in the church?

The seven sacraments in the Roman Catholic Church are: 1. Baptism, 2. Confirmation, 3. Penance, 4. Eucharist, 5. Anointing of the Sick, 6. Holy Orders, 7. Matrimony.

What are the 7 celebrated in the Catholic Church?

Assuming that you are referring to the Seven Sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Matrimony, Holy Orders, and Anointing.

Why a roman catholic priest can only receive six of seven sacraments?

Because one of the seven sacraments is marriage, which catholic priests are not able to "receive" because of their celibacy vows.

Were there more than 200 sacraments in the Catholic church in earlier times?

Roman Catholic AnswerCertainly not, there have been seven sacraments from the very beginning, This is something that we have received from God and thus are incapable of changing.

Is getting married in a Catholic Church without Communion still a sacrament?

yes it is because you are in gods presenceRoman Catholic AnswerYes, Marriage is one of the seven sacraments of the Church, all by itself.

Does Saint Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin do all the sacraments?

Saint Patrick's Cathedral is a Protestant cathedral. Protestants generally only recognise two sacraments, which are Baptism and Communion. They are available there. IJust in case you are thinking in terms of Catholic sacraments, there is actually no Catholic Cathedral in Dublin. The only other cathedral in Dublin is Christ Church Cathedral, which is also Protestant. There are of course lots of churches in Dublin where the seven Catholic sacraments are available.

How many sacraments does the church celebrate?

There are seven

What are the 7 sacraments celebrated by the protestant church?

It is the Catholic church that celebrates seven sacraments. Most Protestant churches recognise only two: baptism and holy communion. A few Christians do not recognise any sacraments at all, or say that there are an infinite number of sacraments (since a sacrament is just a symbol for some spiritual idea).

What sacraments can a pope administrate?

The Pope can administrate all of the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church. They are: Baptism (Christening), Confirmation, Holy Eucharist (or Holy Communion), Penance (Confession), Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony.

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