What are the two differences between the local government of India before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992?
Before the constitutional amendment: i) Panchayats in villages
and municipalities in urban areas were set up in all states but
these were directly under the control of the state government.
ii) Local government did not have any power or resources of
After the constitutional amendment: i) Now it is
constitutionally mandatory to hold regular elections to local
ii) At least one-third of all positions are reserved for