Politics and Government
The Difference Between

What are the two differences between the local government of India before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992?

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2012-06-12 12:33:46

Before the constitutional amendment: i) Panchayats in villages

and municipalities in urban areas were set up in all states but

these were directly under the control of the state government.

ii) Local government did not have any power or resources of

their own.

After the constitutional amendment: i) Now it is

constitutionally mandatory to hold regular elections to local


ii) At least one-third of all positions are reserved for


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