What do the ten commandments tell the Israelites?
The ten commandments were given by god to the Hebrews to have rules in their daily life.
This question makes no sense. The Israelites never delivered the Ten Commandments to non-Israelites either physically (i.e. gave them tablets or papers) or orally (in speeches or conversation). Jews traditionally credit God with the delivery of the Ten Commandments to the Jewish people, but this is something else entirely.
The Ten Commandments belong Judaism and Christianity. However, the Jews, Catholics/Orthodox, and Protestants count the commandments differently. Answer: The Ten Commandments were given by God to the Israelites (Judaism). They were adopted by the Christians also, thirteen hundred years after they were given to the Israelites. Simply stating "Judaism and Christianity" together may be misleading.