Conditions and Diseases
What does CMV mean?
Asked in Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Testing
Can you give a CMV negative patient a CMV positive renal transplant?
Cmv igg was 384 and cmv igm negative what does it mean?
The CMV antibody test measures two different kinds of antibodies, IGG and IGM. After you are infected with the CMV virus, your body first produces IGM antibodies, then IGG antibodies. The IGM antibodies disappear in several weeks to months, but the IGG antibodies stay for life, giving you long-term immunity. A positive IGG result and a negative IGM result mean that you do not have an acute infection, but you are immune to CMV because you were exposed some time in the past. If you are pregnant, this is good news as it means that you do not have to worry about contracting a CMV primo-infection, which can cause severe problems for the baby, ranging from hearing loss to stillbirth. Unlike the answer above states, prior infection with CMV does NOT prevent you from catching a second strain of CMV (much like having the flu once doesn't mean you can't get it again). In fact, being infected with more than one strain of CMV is actually quite common. So if you are pregnant, you should minimise your risk of contracting CMV. Contact with infected urine and saliva are the two most common ways of contracting the virus so try to avoid contact with either of these.
Can a woman get CMV IgG from sperm?
How many new cases of congenital CMV disease occur every year in the US?
Asked in Infectious Diseases, Chickenpox
If you have herpes or have had the chickenpox does that mean that you are CMV positive?
No, cytomegalovirus is a separate virus from Varicella Zoster virus (the one that causes chickenpox) and herpes simplex virus (which causes genital herpes and cold sores and related illnesses). It is possible to have all three at the same time, but they are separate viruses and if you have herpes or have had the chickenpox, it does not mean that you are CMV positive.
Asked in Pregnancy
How many women are infected by CMV prior to pregnancy?
Asked in Conditions and Diseases
What evaluations are used to diagnose CMV or fifth disease?
Asked in Laboratory Testing, Microbiology
Is the result of cytomegalovirus IgG 189.80 normal?
Asked in Health, Conditions and Diseases
What is CVM disease?
Cytomegalovirus * CMV is found throughout the world in all geographic and socioeconomic groups, but, in general, it is more widespread in developing countries and in areas of lower socioeconomic conditions * CMV is a member of the herpesvirus family, which includes the herpes simplex viruses and the viruses that cause chicken pox (varicella-zoster virus) and infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus) * CMV is found in body fluids, including urine, saliva (spit), breast milk, blood, tears, semen, and vaginal fluids * Once CMV is in a person's body, it stays there for life * Most CMV infections are "silent," meaning they cause no signs or symptoms in an infected person * CMV can cause disease in unborn babies and in people with a weakened immune system Transmission and Prevention (How people become infected with CMV) * Transmission of CMV occurs from person to person, through close contact with body fluids (urine, saliva (spit), breast milk, blood, tears, semen, and vaginal fluids), but the chance of getting CMV infection from casual contact is very small. * In the United States, about 1%-4% of uninfected mothers have primary (or first) CMV infection during a pregnancy. * 33% of women who become infected with CMV for the first time during pregnancy pass the virus to their unborn babies. * No actions can totally eliminate all the risks of getting CMV, but there are simple measures that can reduce spread of the disease. Source: http://www.righthealth.com
CMV - pneumonia?
Definition Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can occur in people who have a suppressed immune system. See also: CMV gastroenteritis CMV retinitis Congenital CMV Alternative Names Pneumonia - cytomegalovirus; Cytomegalovirus pneumonia Causes, incidence, and risk factors CMV pneumonia is caused by a member of a group of herpes-type viruses. Infection with CMV is very common. Most humans are exposed to CMV in their lifetime, but typically only individuals with weakened immune systems become ill from CMV infection Serious CMV infections can occur in people with weakened immune systems from conditions such as: AIDS Bone marrow transplant Chemotherapy or other treatments that suppress the immune system Organ transplant In people who have had organ and bone marrow transplants, the risk of infection is greatest 5 - 13 weeks after the transplant. Symptoms In otherwise healthy people, CMV usually produces no symptoms. or a temporary mononucleosis-type illness. Those with weakened immune system can develop serious symptoms, however. Symptoms may include: Cough Fatigue Fever General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise) Loss of appetite Muscle aches or joint pains Shortness of breath Shortness of breath on exertion Sweating, excessive (night sweats) Signs and tests The doctor or nurse will perform a physical exam. The following tests may be done: Arterial blood gas Blood culture Blood tests to detect and measure substances specific to CMV infection Bronchoscopy with biopsy Chest x-ray CT scan of chest Urine culture (clean catch) Treatment The objective of treatment is to stop the virus from copying in the body through the use of antiviral drugs. Some people with CMV pneumonia will need to get medication through a vein (intravenously). Some people might initially need oxygen therapy and breathing support with a ventilator to maintain oxygen until the infection is brought under control. Expectations (prognosis) Antiviral medications stop the virus from copying itself, but do not destroy it. The CMV suppresses the immune system, and may increase your risk of other infections. Low oxygen levels in the blood in people with CMV pneumonia often predicts death, especially in patients who need to be placed on a breathing machine. Complications Complications of CMV infection in people with AIDS include: CMV pneumonia Esophageal disease Intestinal disease Inflammation of the retina (CMV retinitis) Complications of CMV pneumonia include: Kidney impairment (from drugs used to treat the condition) Low white blood cell count (from drugs used to treat the condition) Overwhelming infection that doesn't respond to treatment Return of CMV infections Calling your health care provider Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of CMV pneumonia. Prevention The following have been shown to help prevent CMV pneumonia in certain patients: Using organ transplant donors who don't have CMV Using CMV-negative blood products for transfusion Using CMV-immune globulin in certain patients Preventing AIDS avoids certain other diseases, including CMV, that can occur in people who have a weakened immune system. Certain people with AIDS who have a CD4 count of less than 100 should consider taking preventive treatment for CMV. References Drew WL. Cytomegalovirus. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds.Cecil Medicine. 24th ed.Philadelphia,PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 384. Reviewed By Review Date: 12/06/2011 David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.