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What does hypocaust mean?

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โˆ™ 2012-09-21 18:04:47

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It is Latin for Under (Hypo) Heat (Caust)

It was the Roman method of underfloor heating.

A hypocaust (Latin hypocaustum, Greek hypocauston) was an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air. The word derives from the Ancient Greek hypo meaning "under" and caust-, meaning "burnt" (as in caustic). The Roman architect Vitruvius, writing about the end of the 1st century B.C., attributes their invention to Sergius Orata, but this is not fully confirmed.

Hypocausts were used for heating hot baths (thermae), houses and other buildings, whether public or private. The floor was raised above the ground by pillars, called pilae stacks, with a layer of tiles then a layer of concrete then another of tiles on top; and spaces were left inside the walls so that hot air and smoke from the furnace would pass through these enclosed areas and out of flues in the roof, thereby heating but not polluting the interior of the room. Ceramic box tiles were placed inside the walls to both remove the hot burned air, and also to heat the walls. Rooms requiring the most heat were placed closest to the furnace, whose heat could be increased by adding more wood to the fire. It was labour-intensive to run a hypocaust as it required constant attention to tend the fire, and expensive in fuel, so it was a feature of the villa and public baths.

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โˆ™ 2012-09-21 18:04:47
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Related questions

What does the roman word 'caldarium' mean?

a hot and steamy room heated by a hypocaust


Who invented hypocaust?

Hipparchus invented the hypocaust. Thank you for sparing the time to read this.


How did wealthy Romans get heat into their houses?

They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.They used the hypocaust system for heating their houses. For a full description and pictures, type "hypocaust" in your web browser and you will get several sites that describe it.


How were the bathhouses heated?

Hypocaust


How were the Roman bathhouses heated?

Hypocaust


Roman underfloor heating?

hypocaust


How does a hypocaust work?

The hypocaust is underneath the floor and pipes raise the floor so that the heat can pass through the room or building. Slaves put water or coal into the furness so that the hypocaust can get hotter or colder.


What does the hypocaust do?

The hypocaust is a roman way of central heating Slaves lit a fire underneath the house and it warmed up the house


Were the Roman baths heated up with the hypocaust?

Yes they were.


What do hypocausts do?

See at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypocaust


What was the roman underwater heating system called?

hypocaust


How does the hypocaust in the Roman baths work?

the slaves woud do it.

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