Asked in US Civil WarUS Civil War Generals
What general introduced for the first time and when in the Civil War the systematic use of the trench and field fortifications o making of them the fundamental elements of manoeuvred warfare?
August 23, 2012 12:47PM
Robert E. Lee during the battle of the Seven Days.
He ordered his soldier to dig entrenchments but not to make themselves buried into but to do systematic use of the trenches and field fortifications as a basic element of the maneuvered warfare.
He aimed to paralyze McClellan's Union Arm in the front, in order to be able to suddenly hit them in the flanks and rear.
This strategy of using the field fortification as a cornerstone of the manoeuvre was a "reenactment" of the of the ancient Romans's strategy, of which Lee was a scholar.