Jizya was not just introduced, it is a command sent by Allah.No-one has created this tax, however, the first to use it was the Holy Prophet PBUH.
they were called the muhamed desendace.
jahandar shah who was the grandson of Aurangzeb abolished jizyah in india.
Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb reimposed Jizya on non-Muslims in 1679. According to Mughal records, the Jizya was imposed on Hindus With the object of curbing the infidels, and of distinguishing the land of the faithful from an infidel land. Manucci says that Aurangzeb did this for two reasons: by this time his treasures had begun to shrink owing to expenditure on his campaigns; and secondly, to force the Hindus to become Muslims.
He tolerated them as long as they were subservient to Muslims and paid a tax for protection (jizya)
No Muslim-majority country has an official policy of imposing a Jizya tax any more. The few incidents that have been recorded in recent years are by militant groups like the Taliban in regions under their control, but these have been condemned as "extortion" by other Muslims.
Jizya tax ____________________________ It is to be added tthat Jizya was taken only on the healthy youth who is capable to join army just to exempt him from joining military service. It does not apply on women, children, old people, or potent people. Currently, so far non Muslims join the army together with Muslims. they are required to pay it.
Which battle? If the Muslims subjugated a group of non-Muslims, then those non-Muslims converted to Islam, it is possible that their jizya could be "refunded" (but not their kharaj taxes which remain tied to their land even after conversion). Or, if the battle ended in negotiations, an alternative settlement could be worked out in a treaty. Normally & in the Quran and primary Hadith, however, no exemptions/no returns are laid out. The non-Muslim must convert, pay, or be fought by the Muslims under Islamic law.
akbar stopped the jizya tax and celebrated devali and went along the solar calendar and arabic study was discouraged while aurangzeb brought the jizya tax paid by non-muslims back and banned dancing and singing in court and himself wrote copies of the quran and quilted caps himself and earned money in that way. SO THE MAIN DIFFERENCE IS THAT AKBAR DISCOURAGED ISLAM AND AURANGZEB WAS A SUNNI DEVOUT MUSLIM.
akbar stopped the jizya tax and celebrated devali and went along the solar calendar and arabic study was discouraged while aurangzeb brought the jizya tax paid by non-muslims back and banned dancing and singing in court and himself wrote copies of the quran and quilted caps himself and earned money in that way. SO THE MAIN DIFFERENCE IS THAT AKBAR DISCOURAGED Islam AND AURANGZEB WAS A SUNNI DEVOUT MUSLIM.
The purpose of the jizya tax for the Ahl al-Kitaab is in order to humiliate the Non-Muslims required to pay it (usually Jews and Christians). This is specifically referenced in Qur'an 9:29, which is the only verse in the Qur'an to mention the jizya. A number of Hadiths and Islamic sages have gone on further to say that the Non-Muslim should also be physically struck and/or forced to bow before the Muslim tax collector as a sign of his humiliation. Qur'an 9:29: (Sahih International): Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth [Islam] from those who were given the Scripture - [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled.