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What is jizya?

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Blandina

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โˆ™ 2008-04-29 19:24:42

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Jizya: the root meaning is compensation. The derived meaning, which became the technical meaning, was a poll-tax levied from those who did not accept Islam, but were willing to live under the protection of Islam, and were thus tacitly willing to submit to its ideals being enforced in the Muslim State. There was no amount permanently fixed for it. It was in acknowledgment that those whose religion was tolerated would in their turn not interfere with the preaching and progress of Islam. Imam Shafi'i suggests one dinar per year, which would be the Arabian gold dinar of the Muslim States. The tax varied in amount, and there were exemptions for the poor, for females and children (according to Abu Hanifa), for slaves, and for monks and hermits. Being a tax on able-bodied males of military age, it was in a sense a commutation for military service.

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โˆ™ 2008-04-29 19:24:42
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โˆ™ 2010-07-28 20:21:18

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Related questions

Who was the 1st ruler to introduce Jizya?

Jizya was not just introduced, it is a command sent by Allah.No-one has created this tax, however, the first to use it was the Holy Prophet PBUH.


What two types were the jizya and zakat?

they were called the muhamed desendace.


Who was Delhi sultan to impose Jizya even on the Brahmins?

Firuz Tughluq


What is Jizya system?

the money someone has to pay for not following the rules of a united community.


Which Mughal ruler reimposed 'Jizya' in 1679 upon the non-Muslims?

Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb reimposed Jizya on non-Muslims in 1679. According to Mughal records, the Jizya was imposed on Hindus With the object of curbing the infidels, and of distinguishing the land of the faithful from an infidel land. Manucci says that Aurangzeb did this for two reasons: by this time his treasures had begun to shrink owing to expenditure on his campaigns; and secondly, to force the Hindus to become Muslims.


Why did mohammed tolerate Jews and christians?

He tolerated them as long as they were subservient to Muslims and paid a tax for protection (jizya)


Who pays Jizya today?

No Muslim-majority country has an official policy of imposing a Jizya tax any more. The few incidents that have been recorded in recent years are by militant groups like the Taliban in regions under their control, but these have been condemned as "extortion" by other Muslims.


What non-Muslims had to pay once they were conquered?

Jizya tax ____________________________ It is to be added tthat Jizya was taken only on the healthy youth who is capable to join army just to exempt him from joining military service. It does not apply on women, children, old people, or potent people. Currently, so far non Muslims join the army together with Muslims. they are required to pay it.


Why was jizya returned after the battle?

Which battle? If the Muslims subjugated a group of non-Muslims, then those non-Muslims converted to Islam, it is possible that their jizya could be "refunded" (but not their kharaj taxes which remain tied to their land even after conversion). Or, if the battle ended in negotiations, an alternative settlement could be worked out in a treaty. Normally & in the Quran and primary Hadith, however, no exemptions/no returns are laid out. The non-Muslim must convert, pay, or be fought by the Muslims under Islamic law.


How did akbars leaderships approach differ from that of Aurangzeb?

akbar stopped the jizya tax and celebrated devali and went along the solar calendar and arabic study was discouraged while aurangzeb brought the jizya tax paid by non-muslims back and banned dancing and singing in court and himself wrote copies of the quran and quilted caps himself and earned money in that way. SO THE MAIN DIFFERENCE IS THAT AKBAR DISCOURAGED Islam AND AURANGZEB WAS A SUNNI DEVOUT MUSLIM.


How did Akbar's leadership approach differ from that of Aurangzeb?

akbar stopped the jizya tax and celebrated devali and went along the solar calendar and arabic study was discouraged while aurangzeb brought the jizya tax paid by non-muslims back and banned dancing and singing in court and himself wrote copies of the quran and quilted caps himself and earned money in that way. SO THE MAIN DIFFERENCE IS THAT AKBAR DISCOURAGED ISLAM AND AURANGZEB WAS A SUNNI DEVOUT MUSLIM.


What is the purpose of the Jizya for Ahl al-Kitaab in Islam?

The purpose of the jizya tax for the Ahl al-Kitaab is in order to humiliate the Non-Muslims required to pay it (usually Jews and Christians). This is specifically referenced in Qur'an 9:29, which is the only verse in the Qur'an to mention the jizya. A number of Hadiths and Islamic sages have gone on further to say that the Non-Muslim should also be physically struck and/or forced to bow before the Muslim tax collector as a sign of his humiliation. Qur'an 9:29: (Sahih International): Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth [Islam] from those who were given the Scripture - [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled.

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