What is a dsc degree?
A Dsc degree stands for Doctor of Science.
It is higher than the Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy). The D.Sc. is
unique: it is not for graduate students. It is only for Ph.D.-
level Science Professors at universities and colleges in
biomedicine, biology, chemistry, geology, engineering, or
The D.Sc. is a doctorate diploma for professors who already
finished a post-doctoral fellowship and have a Ph.D. The D.Sc. can
only be earned by passing a written and oral defense of the
professor's 10 year lab research career! 10 YEARS! Therefore, the
D.Sc. is a doctorate diploma that test's the validity of a science
professor's professional research specialty! If that professor
passes and earns the D.Sc, their professional science lab research
career is validated.
The Ph.D.-level science professor must do an oral defense in
front of a committee of other D.Sc., Ph.D.-level science
professors. The D.Sc. oral defense is similar to a PhD oral
defense. If that professor fails to earn the D.Sc., then their
professional science lab research career would be vulnerable and
open to doubt and questioning. The D.Sc. is the ultimate test of
how good a research science professor REALLY is in their lab
research specialty in biomedicine, biology, chemistry,geology,
engineering, or physics.
In the United States, the formally recognized traditional
Doctor of Science is an academic research doctoral degree
awarded by research universities. The academic research Sc.D. (or
D.Sc.) is recognized by both the United States Department of
Education and the National Science Foundation to be equivalent to
the more commonly awarded Ph.D.
The first North American Sc.D. was inaugurated by Harvard
University in 1872 - when graduate studies first began at Harvard,
and where the Ph.D. and Sc.D. degrees were first introduced in the
same year. The Doctor of Science research degree is earned with
the formal dissertation defense and approval of a committee on the
basis of original research and publications, and it is awarded
predominantly in doctoral-level science programs, such as
engineering, medical and health sciences, and health
Although rarer than the Doctor of Philosophy, the Doctor of
Science degree has been awarded by major institutions, such as
Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Washington University in St. Louis,
Tulane University, and Robert Morris University. Doctoral
programs at Johns Hopkins University and Massachusetts Institute of
Technology that offer the Sc.D degree also offer the Ph.D. degree -
and requirements for obtaining the two degrees are identical.
Currently, doctoral-level research programs that offer the Sc.D.
but not the Ph.D. degree include several doctoral programs at
, Boston University, and The George Washington University. Also
there are programs where Sc.D. and Ph.D. consist different degree
requirements, though two degrees officially are still considered
equivalent. The Engineering school at Washington University in St.
Louis, for example, requires four more graduate courses in the D.Sc
program than in the Ph.D program, while the Ph.D requires teaching
assistance services. The Johns Hopkins University also offers both
Ph.D. and Sc.D. in certain programs
, with only minor differences in university administration of
the degrees. In some institutions, the Ph.D. has even been
converted from the Sc.D. For instance, the doctoral degree in
biostatistics at Harvard recently converted from Sc.D. to Ph.D. -
even though the doctoral-degree structure, requirements, and
doctoral academic regalia have remained identical.