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What is a dsc degree?

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2009-12-25 02:56:27

A Dsc degree stands for Doctor of Science.


It is higher than the Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy). The D.Sc. is

unique: it is not for graduate students. It is only for Ph.D.-

level Science Professors at universities and colleges in

biomedicine, biology, chemistry, geology, engineering, or


The D.Sc. is a doctorate diploma for professors who already

finished a post-doctoral fellowship and have a Ph.D. The D.Sc. can

only be earned by passing a written and oral defense of the

professor's 10 year lab research career! 10 YEARS! Therefore, the

D.Sc. is a doctorate diploma that test's the validity of a science

professor's professional research specialty! If that professor

passes and earns the D.Sc, their professional science lab research

career is validated.

The Ph.D.-level science professor must do an oral defense in

front of a committee of other D.Sc., Ph.D.-level science

professors. The D.Sc. oral defense is similar to a PhD oral

defense. If that professor fails to earn the D.Sc., then their

professional science lab research career would be vulnerable and

open to doubt and questioning. The D.Sc. is the ultimate test of

how good a research science professor REALLY is in their lab

research specialty in biomedicine, biology, chemistry,geology,

engineering, or physics.

In the United States, the formally recognized traditional

Doctor of Science is an academic research doctoral degree

awarded by research universities. The academic research Sc.D. (or

D.Sc.) is recognized by both the United States Department of

Education and the National Science Foundation to be equivalent to

the more commonly awarded Ph.D.[1]

The first North American Sc.D. was inaugurated by Harvard

University in 1872 - when graduate studies first began at Harvard,

and where the Ph.D. and Sc.D. degrees were first introduced in the

same year[2]. The Doctor of Science research degree is earned with

the formal dissertation defense and approval of a committee on the

basis of original research and publications, and it is awarded

predominantly in doctoral-level science programs, such as

engineering, medical and health sciences, and health


Although rarer than the Doctor of Philosophy, the Doctor of

Science degree has been awarded by major institutions, such as

Harvard University[4], Johns Hopkins University[5], Massachusetts

Institute of Technology[6], Washington University in St. Louis[7],

Tulane University[8], and Robert Morris University[9]. Doctoral

programs at Johns Hopkins University and Massachusetts Institute of

Technology that offer the Sc.D degree also offer the Ph.D. degree -

and requirements for obtaining the two degrees are identical.

Currently, doctoral-level research programs that offer the Sc.D.

but not the Ph.D. degree include several doctoral programs at

Harvard University[1]

, Boston University, and The George Washington University. Also

there are programs where Sc.D. and Ph.D. consist different degree

requirements, though two degrees officially are still considered

equivalent. The Engineering school at Washington University in St.

Louis, for example, requires four more graduate courses in the D.Sc

program than in the Ph.D program, while the Ph.D requires teaching

assistance services. The Johns Hopkins University also offers both

Ph.D. and Sc.D. in certain programs[2]

, with only minor differences in university administration of

the degrees. In some institutions, the Ph.D. has even been

converted from the Sc.D[10]. For instance, the doctoral degree in

biostatistics at Harvard recently converted from Sc.D. to Ph.D. -

even though the doctoral-degree structure, requirements, and

doctoral academic regalia have remained identical[10].

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