What is difference between chloride ion and the chlorate ion?
Chloride anion is Cl^- and the chlorate anion (a polyatomic oxy anion) is ClO3^-
A chloride ion is simply a chlorine atom with an extra electron, giving it a charge of -1. A chlorate ion, which has the same charge, consists of a chlorine atom bonded to three oxygen atoms.
Molten sodium chlorate can conduct electricity while solid sodium chlorate cannot conduct electricity.. This is because molten sodium chloride have freely moving ion. The sodium chloride will dissociate when it dissolve in water. Solid sodium chlorate do not have freely moving electron because all the electron is use in bonding..