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What is job costing?

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2011-09-07 11:13:32
2011-09-07 11:13:32

Job Costing is the art of breaking down the specific cost of a product or service that you provide. Fixed and variable cost play the most important role in this assessment. Fixed cost are overhead or cost that won't vary such as light bill, insurance, mortgage or rent, etc. Variable cost are fuel, oil, lumber, steel, etc. The change in these cost to make a certain product and the cost of the job will change dramatically. job costing also mean production against the customer order. Total cost recorded and reported the order of job. Unit cost is also reported and recorded the order of job.

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Related Questions


outline the characteristics and purpose of: Job costing and process costing

Job costing or as some may know it, Job order costing is fundamental to managerial accounting. It differs from Process costing in that flow of cost is tracked by job but not a process. The main difference is that Job costing is in the nature of jobs/work and process costing in a process.

Labour costing. Material costing

Manufacturing companies use job costing.

job costing refers to very small work while contract costing refers to large work like building a bridge.

Job costing characteristics and purpose of it: its purpose is to is to calculate the cost of the materials found in the wastestream based on purchase price of materials. Please assist me with further characteristics and purpose of job costing and process costing to this extent.

Job Order Costing Operation Costing Normal Costing Actual Costing Standard Costing Kaizen Costing Target Cost

Job order costing is more appropriate than process costing when the product being produced is a custom product

Batch processing means the production of units of products in continuous process where products units produced without any break and different process of making product continuously keep working and produce in mass quantities. It is different from job costing in this sense that in job costing, costs of separate jobs or projects are kept separate from each other and costing of each job is done separately which is not done in process or batch costing.

Job costing is when for example a tradesman comes to give you a quote for how much he is willing to do the job/repair that you want to be done, whereas Operating costs are what a buisness has to spend in order to keep functioning, overheads ect.

Job costing, batch costing and process costing job costing is used in a business where the production is made up of individual large jobs , each of which is different and has different inputs of materials and labour. batch costing is suitable for a business that produces batches of identical units, but each batch is for different units. process costing is the costing method applicable where goods or services result from a sequence of continuous or repetitive operations or processes.

A job order costing system would be more appropriate than a process costing system for manufacturers who use different types of goods throughout the manufacturing process. Process costing is best to you when manufacturing a large amount of the same items.

The construction industry uses job costing which includes also typically includes job estimating and cost variance analysis. The same principles are applied to manufacturing of custom products.

Methods of Costing The cost of products or services is determined using several methods. The use of a given method is dictated by such factors as: the nature of cost units, the production process, the mode of cost accumulation, the duration of work etc. The following are the well established methods of costing a. Job / Batch costing b. Contract costing c. Process costing d. Service costing Techniques of Costing Irrespective of the type of costing method being applied there are various approaches that could be adopted. These are:  Full Absorption costing  Marginal costing  standard costing using  absorption costing  marginal costing

Fixed cost, being what they are and by nature, fairly consistant job to job (or no job), job order costing would become especially important when the variable costs relative to a job are such that it becomes the only effective way to determine the profitability, if any, of any specific project.

Job Costing basically refers to the costs that are encountered in the businesses related to manufacturing goods. This type of costing involves recording the costs as per the specific jobs rather than a particular process. Process Costing refers to the methodology involved in calculating the costs that are incurred while performing a particular task or undertaking a specific process. This might involve the costs that are either incurred directly or indirectly.

The answer is industries that function as repairing the computers accesories.

Under JOB COSTING all costs relevant to specific jobs are maintained separately to find out the total cost and revenue. Under BATCH COSTING all costs are allocated to production process in batch and there is no separate record for how much any type of material or labor allocated to which units of products normally in mass productions units.

Job Order 1. Many different jobs are worked during different periods 2. Costs are accumulated by individual jobs 3. Job cost sheet is the key document controlling the accumulation of costs by a job 4. Unit costs are computed by the job on the job cost sheet while comparing these characteristics with Process costing we find that: Process costing 1. A single product is produced either on the continued basis or in the long periods 2. Costs are accumulated by departments 3. Department product report is the key document 4. Unit costs are computed by departments

For businesses that construct or manufacture a product there are virtually no disadvantages to job costing. However it does require bookkeepers and accountants that have substantial job cost experience who can monitor recording methods and train different staff members on how to job cost and the importance to doing so. Finding experienced accounting staff is the greatest disadvantage.

It is when a company set out how much they will put aside for contractors when working out expenses for a job.

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_relevance_of_using_Job_Order_Costing_in_a_travel_agency"

Job costing involves the detailed accumulation of production costs attributable to specific units or groups of units. For example, the construction of a custom-designed piece of furniture would be accounted for with a job costing system.Process Costing involves the accumulation of costs for lengthy production runs involving products that are indistinguishable from each other. For example, the production of 100,000 gallons of gasoline would require that all oil used in the process, as well as all labor in the refinery facility be accumulated into a cost account, and then divided by the number of units produced to arrive at the cost per unit.


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