What is smart growth?
So-called "smart growth" is designed, through careful planning
and restrictions, to prevent (or at least retard) urban sprawl.
When cities and suburbs chew up open lands indiscriminately, they
create inefficient models which have much higher rates of pollution
and energy and water usage than carefully planned sites. A new
subdivision creates demand for new roads, which open up new and
more remote lands to development, which starts the cycle over
again. All the time, new lawns use ever more water and chemical
fertilizers and pesticides, displacing native plants which don't
need constant watering. Smart Growth works to limit the damage.