What is submerged arc welding?
Sub arc welding is a process in which the welding actually occurs while submerged under a layer of flux. Not only does this prevent oxygen from entering the weld and thus porosity, but it also keeps the dangerous arc from sputtering and spattering from the weld.
Submerged arc welding is called "submerged" because the high voltage electrical current (called the "arc") that heats the metal and wire to weld together is submerged underneath layers of granular earth materials called "flux". About 50% to 90% of this flux can be re-used and fed back into the system with the proper equipment.
The heat input in the case of Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) is higher than that in manual welding process. Reason is that the welding proceeds continuously while the work is rotated. In manual welding, it is controlled by the welder besides the time gap for changeover of electrode, relaxation by operator etc.
INCONEL alloy 600 is readily joined by conventional welding processes. Welding materials for joining alloy 600 are INCONEL Welding Electrode 182 for shielded metal-arc welding*, INCONEL Filler Metal 82 for gas tungsten-arc and gas metal-arc welding, and INCONEL Filler Metal 82 and INCOFLUX 4 Submerged Arc Flux for the submerged-arc process. Welds made with INCONEL Welding Electrode 182 may have decreased ductility after extended exposure to temperatures of 1000° to 1400°F (540° to 760°).
Submerged arc welding uses a wire electrode (like MIG welding) and a granular flux to protect the puddle and add alloys to the weld. This flux is deposited into the weld area by a hopper/tube arrangement which relies on gravity. The operator cannot see the weld taking place and relies on gauges to ensure the process is proceeding correctly. This process can only be done in the flat position. On the positive side a large…
Arc welding uses an electrical current to create enough heat to melt metal. Any type of welding that uses an electric arc is technically arc welding. However, most people use the term 'arc welding' to mean shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), or 'stick welding'. SMAW, MIG, and flux core wire welding use the filler metal as both electrode and filler; TIG welding uses an electric arc to heat the base metal and a separate filler…
There are far more than 5 types or processes of welding. Currently the American Welding Society (AWS) states that there are more than 80 different welding and joining processes. However, some of the common welding processes include shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), gas metal arc welding (GMAW), gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), flux cored arc welding (FCAW), and oxyfuel gas welding (OFW).
Technically speaking, MIG welding is arc welding because it uses an intensely hot electrical arc to heat and join the metal together. Usually arc welding means stick welding. The difference between the processes is the manner in which the filler metal is applied. With MIG welding, the filler metal is usually applied with a wire fed through a gun type device with an inert gas such as argon shielding the weld. Arc (or stick) welding…
If by gas welding you mean-oxyacetylene welding. The difference is just that arc welding requires a darker shade of lens. When oxyfuel gas welding (OFW) usually a shade 5 lens is recommended. When arc welding, a minimum of shade 10 lens should be used (actually shade should be determined by amount of current used).